Realism, Constructivism And Post-Structuralism

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4.0 An Explanation of Realism, Liberalism, Constructivism and Post-Structuralism. 4.1 Realism Realism or political realism prioritizes national interests and security concerns in addition to moral ideology and social reconstruction. The term is often associated with political power. The term is often associated with political power. Realism believes that the state is the main actor of the most important in determining the direction of a country. This means there is no term mentioned as an International Organization but merely the State. Realism also believes the State is deciding on the future of the people. In connection with it, the state is certainly confident that whatever actions are correct and appropriate, even if it is done by means …show more content…

Constructivism term derived from the word meaning Construct building. Thus, in describing international relations there are certain structures that shape it. This is emphasized by the proponents of this Constructivism. Constructivism is not an ideology that plays a role in international relations, but it is a form of social explanation regarding attitude, behavior and studies done in the field of sociology. Constructivism in international relations only discusses the underlying theory and the theory of Liberal Realism, but there are several theories approaching agreed by constructivism. Constructivism Realism agrees with the theory that says the world is in anarchy (chaos). Constructivism also said that international relations can be established through conflict and cooperation. So here assessed the importance of existing institutions, namely through regulative and constitutive. Each country needs to comply with the decree. If away, then there are various forms of action to be taken such as military, economic supply restrictions and others. So countries need to assess national interests, whether to cooperate or not. Constructivism also emphasizes the influence of culture in international relations. This is because the relationship is true not only taking into account the political and ideological aspects alone, but also the cultural aspects. For example, if there are cultural similarities between actors will be more likely to facilitate collaboration and no conflicts will occur. This can be seen through the relationship between Malaysia and Indonesia that have a similar culture, namely the cultural and religious expression of Islam. So any misunderstandings easily solved without involving big

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