The Civil War was a great turning point for Americans and their ideas and thoughts of freedom. Slavery began to be questioned because of this change, as several writings express the belief of everyone having freedom and equality. For example, the “Gettysburg Address” by Abraham Lincoln strongly expresses that every man was created equal and everyone should put that into action. Another great source expressing equality is “Ain’t I a Women” by Sojourner Truth. The Civil War reshaped ideas and beliefs Americans once had and molded them into understanding that all people men, women, blacks, and whites are all created equal.
Similarly, Stowe makes use of the subject family and language to highlight the destruction of slavery by mentioning how Harris was separated from his mother. One may assume that going through life without a mother or the lack thereof a close female relative has a significant impact on a person's behavior because there is an absence of nurturing and protection that society expects women to perform. Therefore, describing the reaction of his mother once they were not sold together depicts the harsh reality of slavery and tap into audience’s emotions to understand that experience. The text states, “I saw my mother put up at sheriff’s sale, with her seven children… they were sold… one by one… she came and kneeled down before old Mas’r, and begged
In what ways is contemporary American Society still dealing with the same problems? W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963) was very progressive for his time. He thought that being both black and American made for a unique identity. He began to push for the federal government to outlaw lynching, he also supported labor laws, women’s right to vote, and interracial marriage.
This means no one can be taken away from their home and held captive without a proper trial. Not only were the Jews taken from their towns and homes, but they were also held in the concentration camps for years and transported like cattle. “‘The news is terrible,’ he said at last. And then one word: ‘Transports.’” (Wiesel 13) No one should be unwillingly made to go anywhere without being given a reason and being told where they are going. Article 12 states that no one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with their privacy, family, or home.
Whites were able to maintain their power by keeping their slaves as uneducated as possible. Slaves were dehumanized by being sold next to livestock and split from their families like animals. By retaining basic information, such as the identity of the slave’s parents or their birthdays, the whites were able to deprive the slaves of any sense of identity or individuality. Once slaves had this knowledge they might begin to fight more diligently for their natural rights. Slave owners feared that if slaves became educated and “waken to a sense of their rights, and of the injustice done them” (Douglass 14), they would eventually revolt and want to simply be treated like a human being.
In the two speeches, The Gettysburg Address and I have a Dream, they are both organized in different ways. These speeches were organized using tone, showing the purpose, and how it was structure. In both speeches the purpose is different., but similar. First, In the story I have a Dream, it is used to inform and encourage us about what we can become and how we could all become free from slavery, with the South, how blacks and whites could get along. As King states, “... signing a promissory note…” “... this note was a promise that all men yes black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” “Let us not seek satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.” The Gettysburg Address, to inform us, the war and what could and will happen if the North wins.
For example, it is stated "that all servants imported and brought into this country, by sea or land, who were not Christians in their native country, shall be accounted and be slaves, and as such be here bought and sold notwithstanding conversion" (Clark, 42). Basically, stating that the Africans were to have no rights. Furthermore, the marriage between the black people and white people was illegal and if done it will be penalized to six months in
These slave codes placed harsh restrictions on slaves, depriving them of their rights and turning them into properties. However, slavery has been abolished in the United States of America thanks to many abolitionists. Many slaves are now free men and women. Nothing can be done to repair the wrongs of slavery, for it will always remain in the past. Now, Americans need to look to the future where slavery does not exist, where black and whites are found equal, and where racist is not a factor.
However, not everyone was as successful as they hoped to be. When the reconstruction period began after the Civil War the Republican set into motion their own plans, restoring rebellious states into the Union and finding a place in society for free slaves. However, there were two major problems standing in their way, the ex-Confederates and President Andrew Johnson. The ex-Confederates were causing trouble by starting riots and trying take political action against freed African Americans, such as during the Memphis Riot in 1866. Johnson, being a Democrat, allied himself with the ex-Confederates because he shared the same beliefs as them regarding freed slaves.
Radical Republicans sought to readmit the Southern States into the Union by introducing new legislation, allowing for Reconstruction of the South to progress quicker. Radical Republicans proposed the Civil Rights Act and an extension to the Freedmen’s Bureau, which President Andrew Johnson firmly denied through veto. By doing this, President Johnson outraged Northerners thus creating a Congress of primarily Republicans, who immediately enacted the Civil Rights Act and extended the Freedmen’s Bureau. Congress soon passed The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 as an approach of reforming the South. The Reconstruction Acts established Martial Law, outlined the requirements for the
The military reconstruction act basically forced the southern states to begin to accept that black people had equal rights as they did. Apart of the act was getting blacks the right to vote. Once this happened republicans believed that the voting power of ex-slaves would bring up a revolution in the south, which is a part of the constitutional
The Mississippi’s black codes laws initially did replicate slavery, which of course is oppose to the Civil Rights. Documentation states, that African American were forbidden to use insulting gestures, nor could they own a gun nor preach the Gospel without first receiving a license. Children of color were then forced as “apprentices” until the age of eighteen. Furthermore, the “Address of the Colored Convention to the People of Alabama” shows the suffering and sacrifices, tramped upon the rights, and lack of trust in the Union for the African American’s future. They are anything but convinced that the right granted would be carried out.
Holding a position in the House of Representatives, Steven’s agenda was economic growth for the freed slaves. His objective was to see all former slaves working to fend for themselves instead of relying on the whites as if they were before the civil war. Charles also pushed for the same agenda. As a senator, he fought for provision of political rights to the African Americans and their citizenship rights. He argues that since all men have equal rights, the constitution was supposed to support this equality.
The Radical Republicans (just a faction of the Republican Party that also supported blacks freedoms in most cases) were very out raged at the treatment of the newly freed slaves and they tried to dismantle the black codes and also tried to lock the ex- Confederate people out of power all together. The southern white government had a range of ways they controlled how the newly freed slaves lived their lives and what freedoms they could have and which ones the government didn’t want them to have but over time these barriers were
What he did was aid to the process, already under way, of emancipation, by transforming the meaning of the war of "preserving the Union" to the war of liberation. African Americans were critical agents of change both as combatants in the war and as citizens during the Reconstruction that followed. African Americans supported the Republican Party through Union Leagues whose "Radical" members, abolitionists who believed in political equality