In the winter of 1776, during American Revolution, the still young America faced three major dilemmas: their seemingly imminent defeat, the moral debate between the Whigs and the British loyalists, and the panic and confusion of the American public. In efforts to settle the three American dilemmas, Thomas Paine wrote The Crisis No. 1 in December of 1776. In his work, Paine aimed to calm the American public and convince them to stand up to the British, and turn the war into an American victory. Paine was very successful in this, and his paper was proclaimed as one of the most persuasive works of the American Revolution. Paine’s The Crisis is so persuasive because of Paine’s use of three rhetorical devices: ethos, pathos, and logos. Ethos, pathos, and logos are three means of persuasive appeals were developed by the Greek philosopher, Aristotle (“Ethos, Pathos, and Logos”). Ethos, or ethical appeal, is persuasion through the credibility of the author. Generally, readers tend to believe people who they deem knowledgeable or experienced. Pathos is persuasion through the appeal of the reader’s emotion, often influenced through strong word choice. Logos is persuasion through reasoning, clarity, supporting evidence, and logic. These three elements are used in nearly …show more content…
He starts by analyzing the past, saying that if any mistakes were made, they “have none to blame but ourselves” (IN TEXT). However, he counters this with the idea that they cannot change the past, but embrace its effects and move on. Next, he appeals to the logic of his Puritan beliefs. Paine says that he believes that “God Almighty will not give up a people to military destruction” (IN TEXT). This gives the reader a sturdy base to place their hope, which he later increases by calling the king out for his murderous and unethical actions, and claims that the king has no grounds to seek support or solace from
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Before this many Colonists did not know of the harsh injustices done by the British. They also did not believe that the cause for revolution was urgent. Thomas Paine showed them that the cause was urgent by explaining the wrongs the British had committed and why King George was a tyrant. He also showed them that America did not need the British Empire 's protection. This quote shows his reasoning “Small islands, not capable of protecting themselves, are the proper objects for kingdoms to take under their care; but there is something absurd, in supposing a continent to be perpetually governed by an island.”
Thomas Paine's most effective rhetorical strategy has to be his incessant allusions to different Biblical elements in order to arouse the idea of independence. One of the best examples of this comes as early as the first paragraph, where he discusses the absurdity of Britain's claim that they have the right to bind all of their citizens in every matter or case. However, Paine retorts with a response of his own, saying, "for so unlimited a power can belong only to God. . . ." (1). Here Paine, knowing that most of his readers are devout, Protestant churchgoers, briefly introduces the notion that Britain is overstepping its authority in such a way that it's almost as if they are trying to play God.
He talks about how if we don't start standing up for our freedom as a nation the British will take it away from us and we would have wished we did something about it. “Not a place upon earth might be so happy as America” (Paine, paragraph 9). America shouldn't stand to take abuse from Britain because we are built with freedom and strong courageous people. When stating this by Thomas Paine, the people would have gotten excited and ready to go and fight because they have fought for their freedom before and they aren't afraid to do it again. Paine also states that the colonists should end it all with perseverance and pride so we don't look like cowards.
He truly believes that Great Britain will have an extremely difficult time controlling the colonies for any long period of time. Specifically, Paine states that “Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered”. He uses plenty of figurative language, such as similes and metaphors, to make his speech as thought provoking as possible. Although, Paine obviously tries to make the speech as understandable as possible so any common man or woman can interpret
Thomas Paine’s “Common Sense” was an impressive critique of colonial fears of separation from parent country and on hereditary monarchy in British Government. Paine possessed a unique ability to reach out to his audience through a variety of different methods. By using ordinary language and religious scriptures Paine painted a vivid picture on the fallacy of hereditary monarchs and for the need for American independence. However, his work wavered some by way of ignoring some factual evidence and suffered heavily by way of its own hypocrisy.
“However , the fault, if it were one, was all our own, we have none to blame but yourselfs. ”(Paine 1) Thomas Paine was a man who believed the people of the town need to take blame for not stopping them. Thomas Paine used pathos in the easy to get people to feel what he feels and for them to feel guilty that they haven't stepped up. Using pathos in Thomas Paine speech was the best way to get people to understand where he is coming from.
In conclusion, Paine very clearly voices his negative opinions towards hereditary succession and monarchy. He was able to provide biblical reasoning against monarchical forms of government, which was important, considering his audience in America. He was also able to provide logical reasoning against hereditary succession, such as the age issue that it can present. This document was successful in opening American’s eyes and persuading to not have a monarchical government when they declared independence from
He tells a story of a man he saw in the man’s doorway, holding his young child. The man said “If there must be trouble, let it be in my day, that my child may have peace.” This use of rhetorical strategy through anecdotes shows not only that Paine has personally been connected with the peace he wants to fight for, but that Paine has also seen many others who want this same tranquility worth fighting for. This anecdote is also a great way to show the fatherly duty that comes with fighting for your country. It 's not just the country you are fighting for, but everyone in it as
Logos is the appeal to the audience’s logic or thinking of constructing a well-reasoned argument. It includes: facts, research, and statistics. For instance, "And what have we to oppose to them? Shall we try argument? Have we anything new to offer on the subject?
He gives the appeal that we must not be afraid and in the end we will have great triumph. Paine also uses imagery relate the devil with the current king of Britain. “The king of Britain can look up to heaven for help against us: a common murderer, a highwayman, or a housebreaker, has as good a pretense as he…” He is painting a picture in the soldiers’ minds of how cruel the king has been to the colonies and should give them even more spirit to go and
Would there be an America if people were not able to persuade others? During a time when America is in a war against the British fighting for its independence and had lost every battle except for one during the first year of the war, fearing that the idea of America may fail. Thomas Paine then publishes a pamphlet called The Crisis, No. 1. Regarding this, pathos was the most persuasive technique used to persuade Americans to continue on with the war in Thomas Paine’s The Crisis, No. 1.
In summarization, he says reconciliation will bring ruin because of the British desire to advance at the expense of America and Great Britain’s inability to protect or govern the colonies due to its distance from the continent (page 36-40). By providing numerous logical responses to arguments opposing the formation of America into its own state, Paine assures worries common among colonists, gaining even more advocates for American
Back in the late 1700’s and the early 1800’s young America was being attacked by Britain but the colonists were too afraid to do anything. The colonies had declared freedom from Britain but America was not free yet. One man was able to persuade the colonists with a speech. That speech was written by Thomas Paine and it was titled “Crisis No 1”; Paine used pathos to persuade the colonists to go to war by appealing to their emotions with loaded words; an example of these loaded words is God.
One of the Founding Fathers, Thomas Paine, in his pamphlet, “Common Sense”, addressed a response to the American Revolution. Paine’s purpose for writing the piece was to convince the colonists to declare independence from Great Britain. He adopts a patriotic tone, explaining the advantages of and the need to proclaim independence from a tyrannical country. Paine also utilizes multiple rhetorical strategies, and any means necessary, to persuade his audience to share in his beliefs. With the use of constructed argument and rhetorical devices such as ethos, logos and pathos, as well as diction and syntax, Paine is able to present the argument that the United States should strive for its independence from England.