“He shouts, ‘Rhinotomy!’ Then he places a steel saw under his nose with the jagged edges facing towards it. His lips, black as his arms, tremble, which makes one think he is smiling. Then his arms move vigorously, with each movement he shouts desperately ‘Rhinotomy!’ As the jagged edges edge themselves into the nose, fresh blood begins seeping out” (Yu Hua 362). Being persecuted during the Revolution, he is unable to assimilate the terrifying memories into his experience which results in a lingering of his traumatic experience, and only through the practice of masochism can he free himself from the nightmare. Freud defined the term ‘traumatic’ as ‘any excitations from outside which are powerful enough to break through the protective shield’ …show more content…
The change of name represents only an external, superficial escape which does not necessarily separate herself from her family history. Though the daughter enjoys the prosperity of the new times, she cannot possibly forget what has happened to her family in the past. As she is constantly reminded by her step father that she should stay at home as to prevent seeing the mad man, she can only peep through the curtain to see the outside world. The gloominess of the house represents the darkness of history while her eagerness to going out symbolises youngsters’ reluctance to face history: “As soon as she pulls up the corner of the window curtain, her mind walks on the road of Spring” (Yu Hua 361). Spring signifies hope, revitalisation and future, which immediately forms a strong contrast with the desperation and darkness of …show more content…
After the ten-year disaster of the Cultural Revolution, things change rapidly and go with the cycle of seasons normally, as if nothing eventful has happened. The blooming of flowers in spring implies the revitalisation of all lives as well as the moving forward of society, which contrasts with the destructive history’s effect on humanity and nature. The onlookers, in disregard of their ages, all rejoice in the warm breeze and appear to have forgotten the Revolution completely. The mad man’s return signifies the existence and the inescapability of history, for he represents a relic and a trauma sufferer of history: “They do not regard it [the mournful music] as a practical joke, they rather take it as humor” (368). In such a prosperous time, mournful music appears to be out of place; similarly, history seems to be outdated with the rapid development of the society. They can only move forward instead of looking back on history. Moreover, the onlookers’ observation of the mad man’s masochism is what truly makes his trauma an isolated business, thus the mad man is being alienated from the majority so as to bear the trauma all by himself. Their indifference to the torture that the mad man inflicted on himself indicates their apathy towards history.
For many years the only injury soldiers were believed to have could be seen with the naked eye; however, the real injuries are within the soldier’s mind. Most soldiers and victims of war suffer from PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), their own minds become danger zones as they recall horrific experiences when they dream, think, or merely close their eyes. The emotional pain stays with the victim years after the war is over. The physical pain that a soldier or victim endures can be healed with time and care, the emotional trauma they deal with stays with them for a lifetime. The psychological pain that the victims endure usually goes unnoticed until after the traumatic event.
Even after being rescued and arriving back home, the suffering never left. “All he had left was his alcohol and his resentment, the emotion that, Jean Amery would write, “nails every one of us onto the cross of his ruined past”” (Hillenbrand 374).
One traumatic moment. One horrifying event. That is all it takes to alter a life. Trauma is when the mind’s coping mechanism becomes too overwhelmed by shocking events, to be able to process anything else (Walker 317). In Kindred, by Octavia Butler, the female, Black, protagonist, Dana, undergoes a series of traumatic events as she travels back in time to the 1800s – a period of slavery in America.
Anton becoming an anaesthesiologist illustrates his desire for control and understanding (80). His thoughts of pain and how even when they are not remembered they are still felt (80) are analogous to his own personal struggles. Even though he attempts to distort his perception of reality and the effect the War had on his mental state, the pain which endured as a child will always stay a part of him. Anton represses any memory of the War, exemplifying his difficulty of accepting reality. While he can try to forget, Anton can never become who is was before the night of his family’s death.
A Psychoanalysis on The Wars In human history, war has greatly affected the lives of people in an extremely detrimental way which can be understood in Timothy Findley’s novel The Wars through a psychoanalytic approach in character development and their deterioration; the readers are able to identify the loss of innocence intertwined between characters, the search for self-identity in the symbolic and metaphorical aspect, as well as the essence of life. Those that are not able to overcome these mental challenges may develop Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or Rape trauma Syndrome, and sadly, some resort to suicide as the last option to escape their insecurities. However, soldiers are not the only ones affected by war; family members also face
There are tons of metaphors throughout the whole story.¨I have inherited her name, but i don’t want to inherit her place by the window.¨ This metaphor shows how this young girl Esperanza inherited her great-grandmother’s name. Esperanza is okay with her name but she does not want to end up like her great-grandmother. She wants to be independent and became her own person. People need independence to live so they can live life the
An initial reaction to this artwork is a feeling of mourn with an explosion of emotions. At first, the artwork serves as a symbol of sorrow, despair, and melancholy. The title of the work adds a dry, bland sense to the meaning behind the drawing. Through observing the drawing more strenuously, the work becomes more of a symbol of war and a cry for help. The despair and troublesome times that the working class went through during war is characterized in this artwork.
However, it could also be analyzed from a psychoanalytic perspective. The unnamed narrator has many mental problems. First of all, according to Freud, the unconscious affects the conscious in the form of guilt. The narrator always has an overwhelming sense of guilt. For example, the narrator says "he takes all care from me, and so I feel basely ungrateful not to value it more."
Mary Shelley used her vivid knowledge of dreams and depicted Frankenstein as being shameful and frustrated that he created a monster. Frankenstein’s emotions about the murders weigh on his conscious and emerge in his dreams. Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory gives insight into why people are the way they are and the decisions they make every day. He explains how the events people go through greatly affect how they run out in adulthood. Mary Shelley’s book paints a very vivid picture through a psychological aspect of Victor Frankenstein.
The repressed self is released out by detaching from reality. This detachment allows her to be free from social norms as her madness now allows her to no longer conform to cultural bounds. Her final protest, thus, comes out in the form of insanity. She can now escape from the cage of her husband by refusing to accept her identity as a repressed woman. This text thus brings to focus the dark theme that cultural and social expectations of women are so rigid that the protagonist has to give up her identity as a sane woman to finally achieve the freedom she is denied through
In her society, it is the woman that is left to be alone in her own thoughts, shown through her husband’s freedom to leave the house and not come back until he wants to versus her confinement to the house. This is reflected through the various “hedges and walls and gates that lock”, making her stay isolated in the house. Ultimately, the character is overtaken by the imagination and through the
He suffers from psychological complexes, that alienated him from society, and he 's unable to face the realities of life. This research indicates the modern theme of breakdown, absurdity, uselessness, loneliness, and bitterness of life. The protagonist also realizes that the escape from the responsibilities is not a solution to life 's problem. A person ought to create a struggle for his survival, otherwise, there 's the decay of humanity in alienation. In the novel, the author appears to
She addresses her father as “daddy” like a little kid, speaks in a child-like abrupt manner, and begins the poem with “you do not do/you do not do/ anymore black shoe,” lines that resemble the old nursery rhyme “There is an old woman who lived in a shoe”. However, this is not a happy child, but one with frustration and unresolved conflicts with her father, as she calls him “evil” and a “bastard”. Furthermore, the way an adult woman completely turns into her childhood self suggests an obsession and a fixation within the past, a phenomenon commonly associated with psychological deficiencies stemming from unsolved childhood issues. These observations correspond to how the speaker metaphorically refers to her father as a “black shoe” that she had to live in, showing her inability to overcome the shadow of her late father. Thus, by addressing him directly instead of referring to him in the past tense, the speaker confronts her obsession and tries to escape the
Throughout the Medusa’s Hair Obeyesekere notes the importance of a gradual incorporation of symbolism into the behaviors of female ascetics, which result in resolving their overbearing experiences and putting pressure on the religious involvement instead. Thus, his interpretation of this fusion consists of three analogous elements, the existence of correlation between symptom and an emotional context, the usage of symbol as a unique solution for an individual’s crisis and, ultimately, applying a religious form to the concluding role transformation. Symptom and its personal background First, the deep motivation hidden behind the painful experiences of an individual leads to the establishment of the behaviors and aberrations which are further resurfaced in a form of a symptom.