Socrates And Plato's Moral Ethics

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For many years great philosophers such as Socrates and Plato have defined and given great understanding into life and its moral ethics. Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. He was known to be one of the wisest men on earth. Socrates is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Many individuals often as the question in their mind, “Who is the real Socrates?” Socrates never wrote philosophical text, his knowledge and philosophies were expresses based on the writings of his students such as Xenophon, Aristotle and Plato. Plato has been the most influential and valuable of all his students, based on Socrates philosophy and life. Plato was born in Athens, Greece in 427 BC. He was known as the “divine teacher”. He founded the first institution of higher learning in the Western world which was called, “The Academy”. Plato taught a range of subjects including.: ethics, religion, mathematics and philosophy. Plato’s work is among the world’s greatest literatures that have been written. Some of his …show more content…

Among a group of friends Socrates asked the question “What is Justice”. Everyone had their own meaning of what justice truly was. As everyone spoke, Socrates listened but never stated his true meaning of justice. Cephalus definitions of justice mean living up to your legal obligations and being honest () Socrates explained the justice is more than honoring legal obligations. Socrates gave different explanations as to why this statement is not true. For example he stated, “Suppose that a friend when in his right mind has deposited arms with me and he asks for them when he is not in his right mind, ought I to give them back to him?” This quote meant if a person is in a right mind of state they should be allowed to have a weapon. If the person is in the wrong mind of state should they be allowed to have a weapon because it is their legal obligation? Therefore this would be an act of unjust since many lives would be in

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