According to Euthyphro it can be argued that the bible can be used as a foundation to collective set of ethical standards. Frequently ethical standards are a set of myriad principles that people strive for like accountability, generosity, and respect. Throughout the reading Socrates main concern was that Euthyphro was unable to define what holy and unholy was through the divine law. I believe that one of the flaws Socrates found in Euthyphro position was that he did not have any physical evidence like the bible to support his position. Perhaps, this is one of the reasons that at the end Euthyphro contradicts himself since he did not have a scripture and only based his knowledge of the divine law through tails from the Gods. Socrates states,
In the Euthyphro debate we witness Socrates encountering Euthyphro outside of the Athenian court. Socrates has been brought to court for being charged of impiety while Euthyphro has decided to come to court to prosecute his own father. Socrates decides to make a game of this, stating that Euthyphro must be a master in all things religion if he has decided to prosecute his own father. Euthyphro agrees that he does know about all things holy and Socrates decides to listen, hoping that it may help him in his trial against Mellitus. While Euthyphro lends Socrates a few of his perspectives on what holy truly is Socrates has two main proposals against what he has to say.
Cormac Madigan Prof. Jeffries PHL 120 02/13/23 Courthouse Conversation This paper will address the Courthouse Conversation between Euthyphro and Socrates. The objective of this talk was to determine the definition of piety so that Socrates could utilize it as a defense in his trial that was to follow. Euthyphro gave statements about the nature of piety, all of which Socrates rejected on one ground or another.
HUM2225 Dr. Hotchkiss September 30, 2016 Moral Insight Plato’s Euthyphro is based on a lesson between Socrates and Euthyphro outside of the Athenian court about the definition of pious or impious. Euthyphro was surprised to see Socrates there and even more curious to find out why he was there. Socrates explained that the court was persecuting him for impiety because Meletus was spreading rumors about him corrupting the Athenian youth. Euthyphro explains to Socrates that he was there to prosecute his father for murdering a farm worker named Dionysus.
Euthyphro Dilemma was first brought up in Plato’s dialogue Euthyphro. In the dialogue Socrates and Euthyphro meet up at outside the Athens courthouse. Socrates is being accused of corrupting the youth and being ungodly. As they talk Euthyphro explains that he knows what is godly or piety and ungodly or impious. At first Euthyphro states that whatever is loved by the gods is piety.
Socrates raises several questions regarding Euthyphros’ assertion that what is important and sacred to the gods is “good,” and what is not important and sacred to the gods is “bad.” The quote “What is dear to the gods is pious, what is not is impious,” represents Euthyphros’ opinion regarding what is sentimental and important to the gods is religious and worthy, however what is wrong and sinful is not religious. Socrates asks Euthyphros what would happen if the gods were in conflict, and have differing opinions of what is “good” and what is “bad.” If this were to happen, Socrates wonders, which god would be correct, and which god would determine the final judgment on what is “good” and what is “bad.”
Euthyphro’s dilemma is a conversation between Socrates and Euthryphro about (1) God says something is good because it is good or (2) something is good because God says so. With the first option, it says that God is not a being that creates the moral standard, but a being that follow a separate standard to decide what is good and not. Because we describe Divine Command Theory as something is good because God commands it, this first option seems to oppose the theory.
He does as such for a few reasons. In any case, he doesn't trust that one's obligation toward a perfect being ought to be viewed as something that is partitioned and particular from his obligation toward his kindred men. In actuality, he holds that the main genuine method for rendering administration to God comprises in doing what one can to advance the good and otherworldly improvement of people. Second, Socrates respects the reason and capacity of religion as something that is unique in relation to the view communicated by Euthyphro. Rather than religion being utilized as a sort of hardware or gadget for getting what one needs, as was valid for Euthyphro's situation, Socrates trusts the basic role of genuine religion is to carry one's own life into amicability with the will of God.
Making enemies and becoming the topic of conversation, the Athenians began to view Socrates as a threat to their beliefs and way of life and sought to end it. In order to end this, Socrates was accused of blasphemy (Mod1SlideC7). Socrates’s accusers took him to court and after Socrates did not play their game by asking to be sent into exile, and in the end, he was sentenced to death. After reading the textbook and Plato’s writing influenced by Socrates, I realized that in the period of his life Socrates was indeed truly a threat to the Athens society, because he looked for answers that no one else bothered to find which challenged their culture.
The discourse between Socrates and Euthyphro clearly depicts a dilemma when it comes to the question on holiness, moral goodness and the will of God. While Euthyphro is of the opinion that what is dear to the gods is holy, and what is not dear to them is unholy, (Indiana University 6) Socrates seems to be of a different opinion. This discourse occurs at a time when there is a belief in many gods in Greece, each god having different duties. The gods are also known to disagree on a number of issues. Socrates, in trying to counter Euthyphro’s idea he opines that since the gods disagree, they must have different concepts of what is ethical and what is not.
Crito gives three different reasons for this statement. One is that Socrates will be doing what his enemies intended for him to do. Next, Socrates is failing to raise and educate his children if he agrees