Summary Of Martin Luther King Letter From Birmingham Jail

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Dr. Martin Luther King Jr was born in Georgia in 1929. His father and grandfather were both Baptist pastors. In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. It was in Alabama where he was chosen to lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, when, Ms. Rosa Parks, secretary of local branch of NAACP had refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on the bus. Kings definition of Montgomery was the “daybreak of freedom” and freedom became the word of the civil rights movement. After Montgomery, with the boycott still in the minds of the public. King faced criticism from fellow civil rights activists for not acting fast enough. On the back of the buy boycott and the success of non-violent direct action. Students began sit-in protests in the 1960’s and the Student non-violent coordinating committee (SNCC) was founded in April 1960, where emphasis was a on grass roots network of local chapters with a strong commitment to Gandhian nonviolence and emphasis on community organized action. In 1963, Dr. King arranged campaigns in Sothern cities. One particular one was in Birmingham, Alabama. At the time Birmingham was the most segregated city in the American South and Dr King was subsequently arrested for leading the demonstration. It was in the Birmingham Jail where King wrote his Letter from Birmingham Jail in 1963. King wrote the letter on …show more content…

King directly responds to the points brought up by the clergymen in their letter and always backs up his argument with evidence. He objectively uses rhetorical questions to provoke the clergymen to consider his own ideas on the points raised in their letter. He aims to put turn a negative situation, into a positive one by hoping that positive social change can come out of a negative situation such as

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