The concept of the Reconstruction was a “second founding” of the nation is based on the results of the Reconstruction. David Blight states in his lecture that the Reconstruction represented “… great change, great experimentation, change…” and the leadership “… rewrote the country you live in.” What evidence is there to support Blight’s argument? Foner’s A Short History of the Reconstruction provides some evidence. According to Foner, the Reconstruction Act inspired blacks where they achieve some type of parity with whites. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments would give some support to Foner’s belief. Elections to political office, prosperity in business, and mobility were part of this idea of Blight’s, but there was another side to this that was felt more strongly within America. …show more content…
The counterrevolution Blight speaks of defines the second founding for the freedom the blacks achieved was in effect short lived even with the changes in law. I would imagine the opinionated Blight had some subtle cheap shots about President Johnson, similar to those he had emitted in his course about the political groups he disagrees with. It is Johnson, the head of a country, who could have altered the direction this “second founding” would take. Blight, without much of an argument from me, ranks Johnson a “minus two on the list of presidents.” Other than the few minor “cheap shots” made about Johnson, there was one statement that Blight makes that gives an indication of the black plight after the Civil War; “He was not only not anti-slavery, he was an open racist.” Johnson believed America should be a white man’s country forever, even though originally it was controlled by another
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The American Journey was published by Glencoe and National Geographic in multiple cities (New York, New York was the first listed). The authors are Joyce Appleby, Alan Brinkley, and James McPherson, all of whom have PhDs. Appleby was a professor and historian at UCLA before she passed away. She was also involved with the American Historical Associated, and was also a writer. Brinkley attended Harvard and Princeton and later taught history at Columbia University.
President L.B.J. believed it was “the job of the states, not the federal government, to deal with those issues.” To clarify, President L.B.J. believed the states should decide what is “best” for their states, meaning a southern state could withstand discrimination against colored people. This would contradict his stance on the act as president before the presidential election. As a Senate Majority Leader, Johnson did not “directly oppose the civil right bill” however, he did help push through a provision stating that “anyone accused of violating the act would get a jury trial. ”(Holland 1964).
Both the Presidential Reconstruction and Congressional Reconstruction agreed that the abolition of slaves and giving Africans the right to vote was absolutely essential for the Union. However, they both disagreed on how quickly this should be applied to the government. President Abraham thought that this should be a slow process. Many people thought that this was strange and went against everything that he had originally fought for. Yet, Lincoln was using the idea that if you slowly allowed Africans to vote and become citizens then there would be less violence.
This indicated that they had no real power to influence any of the changes being enforced by the federal government. This would damage Johnson’s civil rights effort because it implies that he had chosen the people on the basis of their skin colour rather than ‘for their competence, wisdom and courage’ as he had claimed. This would have had a negative impact on his civil rights effort as it meant that these high profile appointments were only surface gains as they did not influence or improve the lives of the majority of black Americans who earned an income of less than half of that of white Americans. This would also undermine Johnson claims that the appointments of these black Americans to major posts would give the young black children a sense of hope as it would demonstrate to them that there was no barrier to their success. This is because even though the intention was there, the fact these appointments had made no difference to their lives meant that there would still be economic problems and other issues related to poverty which may have limited their
The Reconstruction was important to American history because it gave all different types of people their rights. The fourteenth amendment, The Dawes act and The Homestead Act all have things in common. All of these acts involve something to do with race and or forcing people out of their homes or land. The fourteenth Amendment gave men of color “equal” rights to white men.
Racism’s Impact on Reconstruction While the issue of slavery evidently contributed to the divide that resulted in the American Civil War, it is debated whether prevailing ideals of racism caused the failure of the era following the war known as Reconstruction. With the abolishment of slavery, many of the southern states had to reassemble the social, economic, and political systems instilled in their societies. The Reconstruction Era was originally led by a radical republican government that pushed to raise taxes, establish coalition governments, and deprive former confederates of superiority they might have once held. However, during this time common views were obtained that the South could recover independently and that African Americans
For example, he told Kennedy that in order to gain the black American’s support, he needed to show them that ‘the federal government stood behind their struggles’. Alongside this, the use of the telephone conversation between Johnson and Theodore Sorenson gives us the impression that Johnson felt that the Civil Rights bill of 1963 could have been improved and have been made ‘more constructive’. This indicates that Johnson’s intentions were sincere as it implies that he wanted to pass an effective and strong civil rights act. In addition to this, the fact Johnson was advising Kennedy on the issue could indicate that he had a much deeper understanding of the struggles faced by the Black Americans during this time than one would initially think. This suggests that Johnson’s civil rights effort were good as it implies that he was aware of the situations the Blacks were dealing with and wanted to do everything he could possibly do to improve this.
The American civil war led to the reunion of the South and the North. But, its consequences led the Republicans to take the lead of reconstructing what the war had destroyed especially in the South because it contained larger numbers of newly freed slaves. Just after the civil war, America entered into what was called as the reconstruction era. Reconstruction refers to when “the federal government established the terms on which rebellious Southern states would be integrated back into the Union” (Watts 246). As a further matter, it also meant “the process of helping the 4 million freed slaves after the civil war [to] make the transition to freedom” (DeFord and Schwarz 96).
Reconstruction is the time period after the Civil War, where the country attempted to improve the Union. There were many successes, but what also comes along with success is failure. During the reconstruction many failures were present; such as the lack of racial equality and blatant racism towards blacks, a failing economy in the South, and tense relations between the North and the South. This created a very intense and challenging period of time for the Union.
Maceo Cardinale Kwik Reconstruction Reconstruction was the twelve years after the civil war. Those twelve years were full of readjustment fixing the ruin the United States had fallen into. The problems that had the United states in disarray were how to, rebuild the South, reunite the states, and ensure the rights and protection of the newly freed African Americans. The civil war left the South in shambles, and newly freed slaves struggled to adjust to their new freedom. Most Southerners hated reconstruction and everything else about the North.
The Reconstruction (1865-1877) was a period during which the life of the defeated South was to be returned to normal; it was also a time when the Black Americans attained some rights thanks to Lincoln and the Republican part of the Congress and despite Johnson’s intentions. An extremely violent time, it is sometimes called “the darkest period of American history”; still, it brought many important progressive changes to the US. Abraham Lincoln is known for proclaiming the black slaves Emancipation in 1863; he was convinced that it was necessary for the North to win the war. Lincoln believed that the Confederate states needed to be reintegrated back into the US while preserving the abolition of slavery; however, the 16th President wasn’t planning
Johnson's speech argues that there is “no Southern problem. There is no Northern problem. There is only an American problem.” stating that we as a nation are bringing conflict towards one another simply due to the fact we are not the same color. He urges the people not based on their positions but rather the fact that they are all Americans and he wants the freedom that their past ancestors died for to be granted to every man and woman.
In the 19th century, slavery and the Reconstruction was a sore subject for the South. Reconstruction forged civil rights for African-Americans, but once the North’s influenced waned in the South, the South terrorized African-Americans and blocked them from accessing their newfound rights. While Reconstruction may have brought civil rights, those rights were quickly squashed by the South’s racism. Even after certain freedoms were securely gained, every new attempt to make African-Americans equal to the white populace was contested. A large group of people were happy to see slavery ended and civil rights rise.
Both Lincoln and Johnson had different ways to approach Reconstruction. Both did support the Ten Percent Plan. This plan allowed each southern state that were part of the rebellion to return to the Union. Just as long as 10% of their voters would take a loyalty oath and they approve the Thirteenth Amendment to abolish slavery. Johnson wasn’t as moral as Lincoln didn’t have the same political judgement.