Moral reasons combined with the material reasons, which contributed of the scarcity of slavery in the North. The main moral cause in the North was that the white population did not want to be outnumbered and overly influenced by the black slave population (Pg. 329). Therefore, it is “not in the interest of Negros, but of whites” that slavery was rare in the North. Even in states where slavery was abolished, the white population oppressed the black population in order to maintain white superiority.
Under the Compromise of 1877, the government could no longer intervene with state affairs. Also, there was nothing to keep the southerners from taking advantage to disobey the law. In fact, many southerners made up their own laws or black codes that put restrictions of African Americans. Even though protection laws were in place, they didn’t have much force behind them. I guess when you ask the question, was the Reconstruction a success or a failure?
During the late 1800s, because the South had been decimated by the end of the Civil War, .the Reconstruction Period was initiated to aid the South’s recovery. Although the Civil War did abolish slavery and unify the North and the South, the war not resolve racial prejudice, the South’s damage, and the African Americans’ economic instability. The Reconstruction Period was initiated in order to prevent economic instability and the structural ruin, because since slavery was abolished, and the South was completely dependent on slaves, therefore slaves could not work for the South to maintain the economy, and slaves also could not fix up the damages done to the structures done to the South during the war. By starting the Freedmen’s Bureau and passing
“Their (Mississippi, South Carolina, or Louisiana) framers intended and did disfranchise a majority of their citizenship [deprived them of the right to vote] because of “race and color” and “previous condition”..” [Doc. 7] This lead to the ratification of 15th Amendment. The 15th Amendment protects the right to vote of the emancipated slaves as it says on the document, “the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race, color, or previous condition.” The aftermath of civil war, resulted with good economical changes. The slaves used to work on their master’s plantation. However, when they were freed they spread out and became independent.
An era that saw the power and influence of the movement play an integral role in the eradication of legalised segregation and the disenfranchisement of African Americans. Given the historic importance of the civil rights movement, this paper aims to examine Dr Kim Lacy Rogers ‘Oral History and the History of the Civil Rights Movement’, published in the Journal of American History in 1988. A Professor of History and American Studies at Dickinson College, much of Rogers research was centred on African American communities in the American South. She was the author of numerous oral history related books and her reputation was that of a renowned and influential expert on the subject. Rogers outlines the difficulties of chronicling all of the facets of protest movements into the narrative framework of American history.
The South was afraid that if Abraham Lincoln was elected president that he would abolish slavery. That is not necessarily true because Abraham Lincoln had his own slaves but he just wanted to stop the spread of slavery. He did not want slavery to expand into the North or even to the new territories of the West. The South thought that Lincoln would abolish slavery and the South did not want to do that because they thought that the North would have too much power and they did not want to relinquish all of that power to the North. The slaves in the South were making their slaves owners a lot of money by working hard and not being paid for it.
In comparison, both advocated freedom for their people but in contrast Malcolm X wanted complete segregation from whites but Frederick Douglas wanted unity. In brief, Malcolm X and Frederick Douglass learned to read in spite of barriers. Frederick Douglass was forbidden to learn how to read and write while Malcolm X grew up without an education. Their struggles and motivation for education and then to pass that knowledge to other is the reason why they are
In the 18th century there were no schools in the southern states of America that admitted black children to its free public schools. Fearing that black literacy would prove a threat to the slave system whites in the Deep South passed laws forbidding slaves to learn to read or write and making it a crime for others to teach them. Believing their human rights was considered useless as they was only seen as workers. Few brave souls has tried to educate them in the dark, some succeeded, some failed. But going through time, education started becoming a weapon that feared the white man.
Is his problem his own or is the problem with the society he lives in at the time. The Veil is the answer to this question, “I was different from the others or like mayhap in heart and life and longing but shut out from there world by a vast veil.(Dubois,1903,pp.164). In this time there was no need for pondering racial injustices for the whiteman because they saw the world of the blackman as conflicting and consequently separate
In “We Wear the Masks,” Dunbar displays the oppression and pressure that the black community faced in the late 19th century. With remaining unjust laws and unforgetting former slaves, Dunbar evaluates the saddened and fake expression that his community faced. His title indicates that the newly freed black population in America could not truly be themselves but had to wear a “mask” that made them acceptable to the white population. Dunbar unites his community by projecting them as a whole encountering a new form slavery together. The poem aims to express how the black population was forced to hide their continued suffering in order to not endanger their newly gained freedom.