Railroads became more widespread in the United States after economic damages caused by the Civil War. The Civil War was caused by the secession of the Southern States due to controversies over allowing slavery in the United States. The North did not want slavery while the South depended on inexpensive slave labor for its agrarian society. As a result of the Civil War, the South’s economy was crippled since it could no longer depend solely on cotton as a result of slavery being outlawed in the 13th Amendment. As a result of the crippled economy, the South needed to be “reconstructed” meaning that it had to diversify its economy beyond agriculture.
After the Civil War, the nation was very obliterated - metaphorically and literally. Tensions between the North and the South were very high, and the fact that a lot of the land where battles had been fought was destroyed didn’t help at all. One side of Congress used Reconstruction to try and fix a divided country, while Congress in the South were behind the scenes tearing it apart even more. “‘The Compromise of 1877’ was the South’s last bit of ammunition against African Americans and abolitionists.” (Source 4) Since this tore the nation apart even more, and the South was not agreeing with anything that national congress was saying, national congress was forced to make an actual
The Reconstruction failed badly for many different reasons. Racism is one of the major key roles that caused the reconstruction to fail. No one could seem to see that blacks where equal since they believed that the blacks where less than them. Slavery also played a key role into the failure of reconstruction. Before the war slaves where considered three fifths of one.
1860 through 1877 America witnessed a bloody war that resulted in several constitutional and social developments, all attempting to break the established black subordination social order prevalent in the South. By 1877 the Civil War and Reconstruction had ended, and the social revolution had failed. There are two key parts to a revolution: force, and its use to bring a new order to society. There was certainly force during this time period, with Confederate lost and the Union’s military presence in the conquered land, the South had no choice but to accept the Constitutional Amendments and other acts that Congress had passed. However, for every policy that Congress had forced on the South, there was a loophole or an act of violence that fought against it.
In the spring of 1868, America was focused on Congress to see if the President was going to be removed from office. Individuals were impeached and removed from office before, however, President Andrew Johnson was the first president to be impeached. Many have regarded Johnson as one of the worst presidents in the history of the United States because of his racism, stubbornness, disastrous Reconstruction policies, and his impeachment trial. Johnson’s impeachment would be the defining point of his presidency and his legacy. This raises the numerous questions such as why was Johnson put on trial; what made Republicans hell-bent on impeaching him; and was Andrew Johnson’s impeachment justified.
Although reconstruction brought essential changes for African American slaves it ultimately failed its purpose of unifying the nation. However, in order to comprehend why reconstruction failed it is important to understand the two phases it underwent. In addition, it is also crucial to look at the different plans that were propose in order to reunify the nation and if they were successful or not. First, phase one the presidential reconstruction was very complex due to the fact that it was carried out by two very divergent presidents and lacked unification. On one hand we had Abraham Lincoln 's plan which consisted of reconstructing and unifying the nation again.
The Civil War was an event that was almost inevitable due to the constant fighting and difference amongst the country. There was no equality and most people only decided on things in which they would be benefitted. The country could only endure so much more division before a war would occur. Numerous events such as John Brown’s Raid, The Compromise of 1820 and 1850, and Bleeding Kansas, but the most significant event is the Election of 1860. The Election of 1860 was significant because it was the start of extreme division between the people and the territories.
The northern states did not want slavery and the Southern states did. Due to the civil War there was hundreds of thousands wounded fighting for what they believed. That issue caused a divide that still affects the country till this day. The 13th amendment freed the black slaves, but did not give them citizenship. That is why they put the 14th amendment in place to give blacks citizenship
In conclusion, this battle was the turning point of the war. With this Confederate loss, it forced the British to not help them in the war, leaving them with no other help. This battle also took the lives of half of General lees army. Although both sides took major casualties, the south took the worse of the two.
There were some successful plans for the Reconstruction and there were also some failures one of the main failures was the Ten Percent Plan, which conveyed 10% of voters from the South had to complete several steps to rejoin into the union once again. However, even though it was a strong plan the Republican Congress disagreed with the plan. Another failure during the Reconstruction was the WadeDavis Reconstruction Bill, that needed over half of the voters of the South to pledge their loyalty oaths, once they took them then and only then would they be part of the Union once again. President Abraham Lincoln disliked this plan and turned down the plan.
Reconstruction was in process because of the war. The Civil war destroyed much of the south. In many groups it was not wanted such as the KKK. The KKK was a group against equal rights throughout African Americans. Other groups supported the Reconstruction such as Freedmen, African Americans who were freed during the war, and Carpetbaggers, people who went south to help the reconstruction in the south.
After the Civil War, the Reconstruction Era began. It was a time of great turmoil between Southerners and Northerners who both sought for what they believe and wanted, one side seeking equal freedom for everyone and the other seeking to prohibit that. They both sought for Reconstruction but in different manners, ultimately leading to several successful achievements and numerous failures. Reconstruction was first underway at the end of the Civil War, when President Abraham Lincoln introduced the Ten Percent Plan. The Ten Percent Plan was a three part proposal that involved forgiving all Southerners except high ranking Confederate government and military leaders, it required ten percent of votes from the population in the next election, and lastly the emancipation of the slaves.
To do this, they sent troops into the South, which they were not very pleased with. During Reconstruction, freed slaves still did not have the same opportunities that white people did. The Civil rights laws were made to protect former slaves and make sure everyone is equal, but still, the South cannot agree and continues to make life nearly just as bad as it had been before the war. In the document written by a former slave, he expresses how poorly they have been treated. When Lincoln was president, Reconstruction ran alot smoother.
According to document D many people argued that blacks were unfit to be government officials because they needed time to forget the things done to them when they were slaves and to learn “…true methods of gaining honorable subsistence…” The people of the North grew tired of dealing with problems that did not directly involve them, and reverted back to old racist ways which ultimately contributed to the fall of