Scientific discoveries were made and contributed to the growth of the people in Europe and America. The Enlightenment was a growth period in Europe and America, as people were told to rely on their own intellect instead of always looking to God for answers. Unfortunately, because of their existing class structure, religious positions, and authoritative rule, these new ideas in Europe could only be debated.
The Great Awakening caused the colonies to question the old religious hierarchy is not all that powerful. The Enlightenment was the uprising in reason and science. Great Awakening affected the colonies by changing people’s perspective of religion. It altered people’s idea that religion was important in their life. The Enlightenment affected the people is that they should be governed by reason and not tradition.
The spread of Johannes Gutenberg’s printing press gave accessibility for rapid dissemination of religious materials in the vernacular. The printing press allowed Martin Luther’s theological ideas to be enhanced, amplified, and extended all over Germany. One of the characteristics of Modernity is liberalism, which the printing press was the underlying cause for it because people were able to express new behavior or their opinions and they were willing to abandon traditional standards. Martin Luther did not necessarily want to change the traditional values, but he
The American Revolution was between the Americans and England’s King, and the French Revolution was between the French’s king ad the third estate. The Declaration of Independence was created, because the Americans thought that all men should have the same rights and the King of England has done the opposite of what they wanted. The Declaration of the Rights of Man was created, because the French third estate wasn’t being treated like the 1st and 2nd estate and they wanted have rights that was justified. These Revolutions started from Enlightenment ideas. Enlightenment ideas were ideas that would help with individualism.
In northern and central Europe reformers challenged authority and questioned the Catholic Church’s ability to define Christian practice. They argued for religious and political distribution of power into the hands of the Bible. The reformation was important because it hindered economic activities, and literary and artistic developments. It helped to put an end to the age of blind faith and brought in modern thinking, helping to form the modern world. Two important reformers were Martin Luther and King Henry Viii.
The eighteenth century America saw may changes in terms of reformation. People like Sir Isaac Newton, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were the pioneers of this intellectual era who established scientific and rational understanding. The era showed the revolution in literature and people's understanding of mankind. The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening helped in religious revival and help in establish sense of morality. The era argued against the medieval scholasticism and brought people from rural culture into communal identity.
In conclusion, throughout the Scientific Revolution, the knowledgeable scientists and powerful church, had many different perspectives on different situations. The scientists did a lot of experimentation while the church relied on the Bible for information. They both made claims about the world and way of life according to what they knew. Their
The concept of reason was applied during the Enlightenment because Europe was experiencing change and uncertainty about God. There were many changes in though and society during this era. There were many shifts in science that made people question the natural world and their place in it. Also, there was a shift from monarchy to democracy, which expelled the concept of the divine right of kings. Many ideas about equality, freedom, and individuality lead to the period of Enlightenment.
To a moderate extent, the First World War can be blamed for the fall of the Romanov Dynasty. Tsar Nicholas’s poor judgement in prioritising the war over his people led to both economic issues in Russia, and numerous defeats on the front. His decision to command the army further made Russian people lose faith in the Romanovs, as he was now responsible for all of Russia’s losses. Furthermore, Tsarina Alexandra, who was left to rule the country, fell under the destructive influence of Rasputin, increasing her unpopularity. However, the Tsar’s desire for his autocratic power to be maintained, and his incompetent leadership also played a major role in the fall of the Romanovs.
If a group of people don’t work well together, and a class system is not mobile, then there will most likely be conflict among these people. Sociological discontent was one of the key factors in causing a major revolutionary war that cost many lives. In conclusion, one can see that the key factors initiating the French Revolution were political, economic, and sociological discontent. Louis XVI failed to solve many sociological, political, and economic problems in France.
During the 16th and 17th century areas that were forbidden before began to change. These were areas were humans were only entitled to know what God wanted to reveal, otherwise they were inaccessible or forbidden. The limits on the knowledge humans were able to possess became more accessible during the 16th and 17th centuries. The Reformation shows the decline of the Catholic Church and the rise of questioning authority leading to the Scientific Revolution. The Scientific Revolution showed that observations and conclusions became an acceptable source of knowledge and truth, where it had been less so in earlier times.
In Europe, fields such as science, communication, philosophy, and politics flourished during 1680 and 1810, in a period referred to the Enlightenment or the Age of Reason. The increase of progressive ideas cultivated new forms of government and natural rights for citizens. As the ideas spread throughout Europe, the newly formed American colonies began to share these ideas. The Age of Reason greatly impacted the ideas of the American Revolution and the forefathers of the American government.
American Enlightenment In order to understand how the American Enlightenment began, one must look at the historical roots of how the nation’s early political development was heavily influenced by the European Scientific Revolution and French Enlightenment. The Scientific Revolution and the French Enlightenment greatly influenced the understanding of political, economic, and social behavior. The Scientific Revolution emerged in Europe when scientist such as Copernicus, Brane, Kepler, Galilei, Newton, Bacon, and Descartes, though all fairly religious, wanted to understand religion through science, math, and reasoning.
The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement which leaded the world’s ideas in Europe in the 18th century and mobilized by varies group of philosophes. Numerous ideas of the French and American Revolutions originated from the Enlightenment. The movement was pivotal in developing every aspect of the modern world, most particularly in terms of natural laws, politics and government. Without the central ideas of the Enlightenment, our world would have been different. The following paragraphs will discuss the influences of the Enlightenment with reference to Isaac Newton and John Locke.
In Europe during the early 16th century, exploration was beginning to gain popularity and Europeans extended their rule westward to the Americas. Religion, trade, and technology gave them both the means and motivation to do so. The protestant reformation was an indirect influence for the age of exploration because it encouraged competition between protestants and catholics. This inspired people to try to evangelize in the Americas, causing a “race” between the two religious groups to see who could colonize first. This religious competition was fueled by the rulers of European countries, who in turn gave their explorers the means to travel the world.