Edgar Allan Poe was a gothic literary writer who lived in the early 1800’s. Edgar was praised for writing unique and original stories and poems on disturbing topics like suffering and death. Examples of these stories and poems include “Eleonora” and “The Raven” which are both about a man lamenting over the loss of his wife. These two tales are very similar but show a rare insight into the mind of Poe and how much his life affected his melancholy writing. One key concept of both of the stories are the similarities of the characters.
After reading Edgar Allen Poe’s “The Raven,” connotations were noticeably used. With love of writing horror and dark stories, Edgar Allen Poe wrote “The Raven” about a loss of a member of his life along with other miserable stories in his life. Dreary is an important connotation because it gives a dull, bleak, and lifeless like the poem expressed. In stanza one, the narrator mentions how dreary the midnight sky is. “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,” continues the feeling of a dull tone to fellow readers.
Although Poe does use irony, it is not the only literary device he uses. Poe utilizes the technique of repetition. Poe uses the repetition of the thoughts and feelings of the characters to show how truly and utterly insane they are. In the poem, The Raven, Poe repeats the word “Nevermore” (stanza 8) to reveal how the character is going crazy from the death of a loved one. In an additional story, The Tell Tale Heart, Poe uses this repetition to manifest the displeasure and lunacy of the character, who is obsessed with watching
If it were not for this elements, gothic literature would not be where it is today. In one of Edgar Allan Poe's most famous writings, “The Raven”, the notorious raven looks at the main character and says the words, “nevermore”(Poe). The reader doesn't know how or why the raven spoke, but that is exactly what the writer wants. In “Prey”, a lamp across the room that was previously on, “went out”(Matheson 4) when the spirit was roaming around. This element connects these two stories because they are both trying to accomplish the exact same thing.
How does an author individually create one of the most distinguished verses in all of english literature: “Quoth the Raven, nevermore”? In the short stories The Cask of Amontillado and The Tell-Tale Heart, along with the poems Annabel Lee and The Raven, Edgar Allan Poe develops a unique writing style and the genre of Gothic Fiction through the use of certain literary devices. His gothic, doleful works were most likely influenced by the death of his parents when he was only three, and the demise of his young wife, Virgina, at the age of 24. These events are clearly portrayed or alluded to in both his poems and stories. Likewise, they are conveyed differently in his short stories compared to his poems.
In Edgar Allen Poe's poem, "The Raven", the author presents the idea that loneliness can last for a life time. Loneliness is expressed throughout Gothic Literature. This theme of loneliness connect specific parts of this work and other elements of Gothic Literature because, it shows that when characters feel something missing in their lives, they tend to act out and do things they would not normally do. This idea also shows how when loosing someone or something you love, you tend to want what someone else has and that you will find that you spend your whole life trying to get that something.
Many authors or poets use this theme to depict how past experiences or events affects people mentally and can leave them demented in many cases. “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe encompasses this theme. While searching for answers from the raven, “respite the nepenthe from thy memories of Lenore” (Poe 439) the man cannot get over the loss of his wife causing psychological issues for the man such as trying to obtain info from a raven about his dead wife. Correspondingly, in “The Black Cat” by Edgar Allan Poe, the man becomes agitated with the cat and decides to hang it. He “hung it because (he) knew in doing so (he) was committing a sin” (Poe 2).
In addition, he also uses repetition to create fluent yet unruffled, tragic feel for the reader. Throughout the poem, “The Raven”, Poe uses anaphora as a way that shows he is creating a mysterious setting that continues through the majority of the poem. For example, Poe repeats the word, “Nevermore” at the end of each line, to inform the reader of the great sorrow he feels, referring to the death of his love, drawing the reader in. He also repeats the line, “nothing more”. “Let my heart be still a moment and this mystery explore;— ’Tis the wind and nothing more!”.
In the 19th century, many literary works tended to avoid dark themes and ideas. Edgar Allen Poe, the author of “The Raven”, subverted that in one of the most darkest poems of all time. “The Raven” is a poem about a man who is thinking about his long lost lover, Lenore. We never know what had happened to her. Suddenly a raven appeared at the man’s window, and in trying to converse with the raven, the man’s sanity begins to slip.
This affected his composition and actually, the English Gothic novel began with his 'Gothic story '; 'The Castle of Otranto '. Fundamentally, a Gothic novel is said to incorporate sorcery, riddle, heavenly, uncanny and tension. The interpretation of a Gothic novel contrasts from reader to reader. A Gothic work is to have a unquestionable mixing of remote setting, destroyed strongholds, dilapidated houses, mazes, cells, dull halls, cellar, moonlight, candles, winding stairs, fierce interests, inbreeding, odd fixation, and condemnations. This sort makes sentiments of agony, riddle, dread, tension since their point is to investigate humankind 's dull side and question humanity about what is great and underhandedness, address what part the powerful shows, and experience dread or fear.