The oppression of slaves eventually lead to John Brown’s Raid, in which Brown attempted to inspire slaves to free themselves. Brown strongly believed that the South had taken over the government, displayed in the Dred Scott decision. The ruling was so obviously motivated by Southern slave owners’ values, and Brown wanted to do something about the injustice. When the system of checks and balances failed, Brown resorted to violence. This attempt to free slaves ended up failing, however the “raid” still left an impact.
“I didn't know I was a slave until I found out I couldn't do the things I wanted,” Frederick Douglass. Frederick Douglass an escaped slave gave his speech, “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July” to a group of White Americans to try to convince them to support abolitionism. Throughout his speech Frederick Douglass talks about the treatment of the slaves and how even though slaves are human they don’t get the same rights as Whites do. In his speech Douglass effectively uses his experiences to prove his credibility, evoke emotion from his audience, and uses logic and reasoning throughout his speech “What to the Slave is the Fourth of July.” First of in his speech Frederick Douglass starts off by asking rhetorical question about why he is here
“Letter to My Master, Thomas Auld” explores Frederick Douglass’ view of slavery and Thomas Auld, his former slave master, in a smart and emotionally charged letter originally written in 1848 and published in the abolitionist newspaper North Star. Throughout the letter, Douglass uses his own experience as a slave to drive his views, often using sarcasm and a dark recognition of his trials to drive his own view of slavery; that slavery should be abolished and that it is inhumane and cruel. Douglass’ decision to publish this paper in the North Star allowed him to bring to light his experiences to push other readers of the newspaper towards an abolitionist stand point by bringing his first-hand accounts of slavery forward and explaining, at times
The fugitive slave laws were disliked by Northerners, but they were laws that must be followed as they were enacted under the Constitution. Document C provides an example of the problems the newly enforced laws created. Free African Americans had to constantly be aware of being kidnapped or mistaken for a runaway slave. Slave Hunters would often kidnap free blacks and claim they were runaway slaves, so they could make a profit of them. Although some people took advantage of the fugitive slave laws, there were groups of abolitionists who still fought to end slavery, despite what the Constitution upheld.
On October 16, 1859, John Brown led a small mixed race group to attack the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia in the hopes of triggering a slave rebellion (Norton, 361). Southerners were outraged to learn that prominent northern abolitionists had financially backed John Brown. This increased southern fear that the northern abolitionists could attempt greater revolutionary acts in an attempt to start a slave rebellion. The southerners feared Abraham Lincoln being elected in 1860 due in part to the Republican Party’s opposition to slavery extension
Stowe’s book was criticized and eventually became behind in the south but a best seller in the north. The novel presented a view of slavery, filled with scenes such as that of the slave Eliza escaping with her baby across the icy Ohio River. From the 1830s until 1870, the abolitionist movement attempted to achieve immediate emancipation of all slaves. Abolitionists became increasingly strident in their condemnations of slave owners and "the peculiar institution of slavery. Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation declaring all slaves in Rebel territory are free on January 1, 1863.
No individual should have to bear the chains of slavery. Because to hold someone physically and mentally captive is not only wrong, it’s a deprivation of our natural born right to freedom. In 1845, a southerner, George Fitzhugh writes a pamphlet called Slavery Justified, portraying slavery as beneficial to all. The article ‘‘Logical Fallacies’’ by Maggie Escalas, Julie Freia, and Carrie Jean Schroeder, destroys the validity of Fitzhugh’s claims. The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass is the compelling evidence to why Fitzhugh’s arguments are false, given that Douglass recounts his harsh experience as a slave.
First, was the role slavery played in drafting the document; second, the Declaration contains an apparent promise of liberty and equality that was unfulfilled for African-Americans before the Civil War and only partially fulfilled after. In his original draft of the Declaration, Thomas Jefferson condemned King George II of England for supporting the slave trade and imposing it on Virginians. This provision has led to the myth that he attempted to attack slavery in the Declaration. Rather, Jefferson’s attack focused on the slave trade. In his draft, he complained that the King had “waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty” by continuing the African slave trade.
The Dred Scott Decision is one of the many examples that brought awareness to the issue of African American rights. Dred Scott became a very important individual in the movement as he attempted to sue for his freedom. His ‘master’ (as much as it pains me to say that word in terms of a human owning another human) had brought him to live in a free territory before returning with him later to Missouri, a slave territory. Scott, along with the help and support of several abolitionists, sued to end his slavery. They set their case under the terms that because Scott had spent time in a free territory he should therefore be deemed free.
Along with being emotionally hurt, slaves were also beaten and mistreated, like at Legree’s. Despite Uncle Tom being the most well behaved and trusting slave, he was still beaten merely because he stood up for his beliefs. This shows how much of an impact slavery had on blacks, and how it affected them for the rest of their life. Lastly, Stowe wrote her book in order for people to understand that we are all human beings, and therefore we should be treated as one. A reader who is white and owns slaves can still relate to her characters in the book.
In Celia’s case, we see this truth through Virginia and Mary Newsom’s position of powerlessness. Whether they wished to assist Celia or not, Newsom’s husbandless daughters were utterly dependent upon their father (McLaurin, 32), a fact that made confronting him dangerous. The importance of this master-slave structure in Southern life, as well as the value of slavery itself, may explain the actions of the Judge presiding over Celia’s trial. By choosing to sustain the objections of the prosecution, Judge William Hall sealed the fate of Celia the slave. Had he acted against the established institution, Celia might have been spared.
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
St. Clare tended to share his opinions on slavery, and Stowe used this character to show how many Southerners thought slavery to be an act of iniquity, but were too stubborn to try and change the ways of their society. Tom’s last owner, Simon Legree,
Due to the fact of the horrible conditions slave were in some slaves would die and the slave capturers would just throw them over ship. The second topic is Equiano described that slaves were treated better than free former slaves. Once he traveled and witnesses other slave being sold during the slave trade, Equiano has also been sold off to other slave owners until he was sold off to his last owner. He was treated well from his former slave owners. Even though he witness the beatings and slave being sold, Equiano comparatively lived a decent life.
While the change of mentality with Mrs. Auld may support Douglass’ claim that slavery was injurious to both the slaves and the slave owners, the truth of the matter was that the slaves were the ones who suffered the injurious effects that slave owners went through. Treating slaves as property affected slave owners mentally, but physically the consequence was endured by the slaves. Slave owners believed that an unmanageable slave was of no use to them as the slave owners believed that the slaves would be unhappy, “ He would at once become unmanageable, and of no value to his master. As to himself, it could do him no good, but great deal of harm. It would make him discontented and unhappy” (Pg 20).