As a parent of an 11 year-old daughter, you would research a lot to be sure if there is any side effect or problem with the Gardasil vaccination. Parents are responsible for their children and must be wary not to blindly follow their doctor 's recommended vaccine schedule. They cannot rely or expect their doctor to know everything. They should do their own research and ask plenty of questions about devastating effects. Although I believe vaccines are central and essential components of public health, there are two kinds of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. The first one is Gardasil, approved in, 2006 and the second one is Cervarix, approved in 2009 by the FDA. Although Gardasil protects against four HPV types (6, 11, 16, and 18), and it is approved for use by females aged 9-26 to help prevent cancer of the vagina, cervix, anal, vulva, also genital warts, there are many reported side effects(KRUSZELNICKI, 2014). According to Gardasil.com, the side effects include pain, swelling, itching, bruising, and redness at the injection site, headache, fever, dizziness,
An enormous amount of time and resources were put into creating non-human primate models of HIV and 90 HIV of the HIV vaccines the succeeded using the monkeys failed in humans. So the monkeys went through an enormous amount of poking and prodding all in the name of a vaccine that ended up being ineffective in the end. Both the physiological and genetic differences between monkeys and humans make the humans’ use of primates to study diseases of humans, treatments for humans, and for pharmaceuticals invalidate the results gotten from the
The concept behind immunization is to expose those to a very small safe bit of the most dangerous diseases that they may be likely to encounter at any point in life. We also regard protection against those same diseases coming into contact with our bodies.
In Cooper’s book Behold A Pale Horse it states that, “ In 1969… the United States Defense Department requested and got $10 million to make the Aids virus in lab(s) as a political/ethnic weapon to be used mainly against blacks”(Cooper 446). In 1978 in experimental
There are drugs such as Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for persons at high risk for HIV take medicine to decrease chances of getting infected. PrEP is also famous from stopping HIV from taking hold and spreading throughout your body. It is highly effective for patients with HIV, however, they must take their medicine consistently. Nevertheless, the average HIV patient can live their lives long and successfully, this is all coming from research made to help defeat HIV. The more research that comes along with looking for a cure, it makes patients look at a new hope and making their lives a lot
Anand Sundaram Professor George Bishop USE2307: HIV/AIDS – From Microbes to Nations 6th February, 2015 Book Review: The Invisible Cure by Helen Epstein Helen Epstein’s book “The Invisible Cure: Africa, The West and the Fight Against AIDS” is a powerful account of the AIDS epidemic that has hit hardest in Africa. Epstein is a scientist-turned-writer who merges 15 years of personal observations with scientific reasoning to explain the spread of HIV/AIDS in the continent. She explains why the battle against the disease has been so challenging in Africa in spite of the investment of large amounts of effort and money. Giving the example of Uganda, Epstein argues that the solution may not align with what the proverbial Western World envisions, and that it must come from the Africans themselves.
In order for vaccines to work appropriately, they have to operate in a very convoluted way to make sure they live up to their standards. 1. Vaccines are developed by using the bacteria’s specimen that has been either killed or damaged which are dissolved in a solution. When the vaccine is injected into the body, the specimen revives that person’s immune system. After being injected, the immune system will now fight against the microbe by forming antibodies.
This may be true but, new discoveries show that the overall statistics of AIDS has fallen. “The 2013 United Nations report on AIDS indicated that between 2001 and 2012, however, the annual number of new infections in some 26 countries dropped by at least half and since about 2005 the annual number of deaths by AIDS globally has also declined” (“AIDS” 2). AIDS has declining rates, and is no longer posing a huge threat to humans as it once did, on the other hand, Ebola is more dangerous because it is constantly changing, and evolving, making it more complex and nearly impossible to
The Lacks Family E HeLa cells were discovered over sixty years ago. HeLa cells have become the foundation to many modern vaccines and have been used in scientific research since its discovery. If one were to step into a cell culture lab anywhere in the world and open its freezers, there would be millions of HeLa cells in small vials behind its doors. As much of a remarkable discovery as they may be, many fail to recognize their origin. HeLa cells were not a creation made by man in a lab, but a discovery found inside a woman.
The AIDS epidemic began in the 1980’s and the effects of it were seen all around the globe. Each country led their own unique approach to preventing and curing AIDS, and some strategies worked better than others. The Australian response to AIDS can be considered world leading due to their multifaceted approach against the disease. Australia was successful in educating all people while simultaneously researching ways to cure the disease. Australia made a concerted effort to fight the both the physical disease itself, as well as the social stigma associated with it.
Originally, on Tuskegee University, monkey cells were being used to measure the quantity of antibody developed in response to the poliovirus infection. However, since there were not large enough quantities of the cells, another host cell was needed, which ended up being HeLa. With the immortality of HeLa cells and its ability to be easily infected by the poliovirus, it was an amazing alternative source, from there the poliovirus vaccine was created. Before this vaccine, right around 1953, there were close to 60,000 polio cases in the United States. Destroying the results of the polio vaccination could put society in distress, and maybe even beat the amount of polio cases from
There were many people hard at work trying to find a vaccine including an American researcher, Jonas Salk. Salk had created the vaccine years earlier but a lot of testing was required. He figured out that his vaccine worked about 86% of the time, which was better than any other vaccine. This vaccine was injected, but there was many side effects, including fevers and drowsiness but the good out weighed the bad. This was later to be called IPV (injected Polio Vaccine) because later OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) was to be introduced.