Since the Chattel slavery has to do with slaves becoming personal property, the way that people of color were kidnapped and treated, they were bought, sold and traded at their owner’s expense. This is what is known as Chattel Slavery and since the Atlantic Slave Trade was done in such a brutal manner due to the way the black people were taken from their homes and separated from their families forever. Chattel Slavery will always be known as a form of slavery that relates to all the types of brutalities that the black people were condemned to suffer for many years. Even though at the beginning the slavery, this type of system was something that was not correct and legal, many people went ahead and decided to start the Chattel Slavery trade, even if many people did not know about it. Unfortunately for many blacks who became slaves, they were traded as merchandise for goods.
Underground meant secret and Railroad meant a way of travel. Many of thousands helped with the Underground Railroad. Some people gave money to help supply the runaway slaves with clothes and food. Others helped guide those from the south up north and others opened their houses for slaves to stay in.
They also flooded the South with leaflets. Furthermore, they created an organization which helped black people to escape to the North or to Canada. Slaves who escaped went to the Underground Railroad, hid on the “stations” and then, they waited for a “conductor”, who led them to the next station. In this way of helping the slaves, the most famous person was Harriet Tubman, who was a slave as well. She helped more than three hundred black people to reach the safe places.
Slavery in the 19th century In the nineteenth century, slavery was already an established practice in the United States, especially in the Southern states, and it was accompanied by a series of legislations enacted for the regulation of the slave activities and the conduct in relation to the slaves and blacks who were freed from it. Enslaved Africans were a source of menial laborers to the Southerners in order for them to raise the states labor-intensive commercial crops such as sugar, rice, cotton and tobacco. However, owning a slave did not merely mean free labor but the whites also used to the slaves as means of exhibiting their social prestige and political influence in the society.
One of the most influential modes of unorganized revolution was through running away. Thousands of slaves would take their families or escape on their own to the north, where many abolitionists and free black men lived and would take them in. However, crossing the border states was difficult, as news reports about runaway slaves quickly spread and they would soon be captured by local townsfolk. To make escape more effective and safe, an underground railroad was adopted. The underground railroad was “a loosely organized network of safe houses in the border states, [and they] helped more than 20,000 runaways make their way to freedom (PBS).
According to the Abolition Project, “Slavery refers to a condition in which individuals are owned by others, who control where they live and at what they work. It had previously existed throughout history, in many times and in most places.” Enslaved blacks have been resilient people; despite the various efforts such as slave laws taken to restrain them, they resisted slavery through the rebellion of non-violent schemes towards their Slave masters. An Enslaved black would often be referred to as a human being who was made to be a slave either through birth, contract or trade for purposes such as planation or domestic drudgery.
Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey was born in 1818 a runaway slave, a supporter of women 's rights, and probably the most prominent abolitionist and human rights leader of the nineteenth century. Douglass favored the use of political tactics to work for abolition. During the Civil War, he offer a suggestion to President Lincoln to let former slaves fight for the North, and helped organize two black regiments in Massachusetts. Douglass was committed to make the war a direct confrontation with slavery. A literate runaway slave, Douglass began his speaking career in 1841, when he delivered some extemporaneous remarks on his experiences under slavery at a Massachusetts antislavery convention.
Between 1733-1772, newspapers printed “Ads for Runaway Servants and Slaves” with descriptions of the runaways, the jobs of the runaways, why they possibly ran away, who was looking for the runaways, and the rewards for the runaways. Reading the ads, you can understand why they would run away. Many of the runaways are not referred to in a human sense, but in a possessive sense and many of the ads had more than one person described. “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass” was written in 1845 as an autobiography of Frederick Douglass. He wrote about his time as a slave, describing the slaves’ living conditions.
He published his autobiography which helped the many people who read it realize that slaves were really people to and how wrong it was to treat them the way they did. He expressed his life story through his writing and shows the unfairness the way of the people. Douglass was a large impact who showed real and true meaning of being a leader. Another historical figure known as Harriett Tubman was a leader of her own she guided hundreds of enslaved characters to freedom, was a union spy during the civil war and was an abolitionist. She started out as a slave and escaped and once she became free she too thought that everyone should know what it is like to be truly free she lead many friends and families and those family’s friends to freedom.
Underground Railroad Many slaves try to escape to their freedom, but not by just running away, they had help from the underground railroad. The Underground Railroad consist of terms like conductors, stations, lines, and cargo. The conductors were the people who helped and provided the slaves safe passages while traveling the underground railroad. There were multiple conductors in the underground railroad like William Still who helped Harriet Tubman when she was a fugitive , John Parker he worked through the busiest parts of the railroad that transported slaves through the ohio river, Reverend John Rankin worked with John parker, but the fugitive slave that is most famous for the underground railroad is Harriet Tubman.
Influential Leaders of the Underground Railroad Throughout the mid 1800’s slavery was an action spread broadly across the south. The Underground Railroad arose in the early 1830’s, helping slaves escape to a new future under the influence and assistance of some major names: Harriet Tubman, William Still and Thomas Garrett. These three influential leaders took the problem of slavery into their own hands by conducting routs, traveling back and forth to help others, assisting serfs to escape while risking their lives for slaves, like them, to a future of freedom.
This information is given in the book “Harriet Tubman: Conductor of the Underground Railroad, ‘Then she told them of her own first, vain effort at running away, evoking the memory
The Abolitionists were people that were against slavery, and the group was dedicated to the cause of getting rid of it. Most of abolitionists were from the North, and the Abolitionist movement started in the 1830s. The Underground Railroad is the most thought of when we think of the Abolitionist Movement. The Underground Railrod helped fugitive slaves from the south, get to the North. Most of the slaves that went through this process made it to their destination, and became free African Americans like they had wanted to be.
The Underground Railroad was neither underground nor a railroad. It was just called the “Underground Railroad” because it was done in so much disguise and it was also done at night. Some people helped out the slaves during their journey to freedom by allowing them to hide and sleep in their safe houses. Harriet Tubman was a famous “conductor” on the Underground Railroad. She was an escaped slavery to become a leading abolitionist.