The Petition Of Human Rights During The Renaissance Humanism

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Since the ancient times the research of a ‘Just’ society has always been linked with the Natural Law, a corpus of eternal, universal, and immutable rules, as the Nature, valid for everyone. The precursor of the Human Rights can be located in the Natural Rights theorized during the Renaissance humanism. Even if some rights had already been recognized, or affirmed in ancient and previous times, they were strongly connected to some divine power or religion. Nonetheless there are some precedent examples of interest. The Magna Charta signed in 1215 by that King John of England, who committed himself to respect, contained among others in its list , the rights of all free citizens to own and inherit property, to be protected from excessive taxes, and the principles of due process and equality before the law. The Petition of Right is another milestone to remind. Produced in 1628 by the English Parliament under Charles I, it was initiated by Sir Edward Coke to face the abuses, the arbitrary arrests and imprisonment committed by the government during the exacting of forced loans to finance the king’s foreign policy. It asserted that: ‘No taxes may be levied without consent of Parliament; No subject may be imprisoned without cause shown; No soldiers may be quartered upon the citizenry; Martial law may not be used in time of peace’. However, it is only in the 16th century that the idea of a set inviolable of rights emerges by the simple belonging to the human kind. The interest
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