THE SCOTTSBORO TRIALS There were nine African American teenagers aboard a freight train during March of 1931 in Jackson County, Alabama (Alex 1). All nine of the teenagers were accused of raping two white women and were convicted by a white jury (1). All of the teenagers except the youngest were sentenced to death (1). This case sparked controversy that continues
In the 1930s, African American men were believed to have strong sexual desires towards white women so extreme that they couldn’t even control themselves, that whenever they saw white women they would rape them right then and there. The Tragedy of the nine Scottsboro Boys was rumored as “Negros are going to beat up the whites”. When the train got to Jackson County on March 25, 1931, dozens of armed white men rounded up with ropes and weapons in order to beat the nine black youths, and during the time of this chaos, two white women raised their voices, claiming that they had been raped by the nine scottsborro boys. At that time in Alabama, whenever black people saw a group of white men, they feared and knew they were in a lot of trouble due to the fact that Alabama was one of the most aggressive and violent states towards African Americans.
Under the Declaration Independence, it says that everyone has the right to life. In America that does not apply to black people. In the early 1920s, there was a large race riot in Tulsa around 300 innocent black people were killed. It started when black shoe shiner Dick Rowland was arrested after being accused of assaulting a white woman in elevator published by a paper eager to win the local circulation war with the title “To Lynch Negro Tonight”. Whites gathered outside the courthouse of where Rowland was being held to lynch him, blacks came from Greenwood to protect Rowland.
African Americans were treated poorly during the reign of the Jim Crow laws. During this time, race riots were common in cities all over the nation. From direct-action protests and boycotts to armed self-defense, from court cases to popular culture, freedom was in the air in ways that challenged white authority and even contested established black ways of life in moments of crisis ( Baldwin 1).. One race riot occurred in 1865 in Memphis, Tennessee. Mobs of whites and policemen killed forty-six African Americans. On September 28, 1868, two to three hundred African Americans were massacred in Opelousas, Louisiana( Tischauser xvii).
In To Kill a Mockingbird during chapter nine, Lee reveals the predominant racism throughout the town by illustrating Cecil Jacobs comments made about Atticus. On the playground, Cecil says, "Scout Finch’s daddy defended niggers.” In chapter 11, Jem and Scout are walking past Mrs. Dubose 's home when she starts making very derogatory and racist comments about Atticus. Mrs. Dubose shows her racist personality in the story by telling Jem, “Your father’s no better than the niggers and trash he works for!” Then once again in chapter 15, a lynch mob arrives at the Maycomb jail the night before the trial and tries to lynch Tom Robinson. By doing this, they show their racist ideology. After Tom 's death, Scout recites the town 's racist reaction by saying, “To Maycomb, Tom’s death was typical.
When Lee was about 6 years old (1931), the Scottsboro Trials was a highly publicised court case that involved several young African American men. In a small community in Alabama, nine young African American men were arrested as they hopped of a train they had been ‘riding the rails on’. Two white women also followed them out, and accused the men of raping them on the train. Now, this case has many parallels with TKAM, and also represents what society was like in the period that Lee grew up in. In both trials, young black men were accused of raping a young white girl; both were sentenced to jail and/or death (we don’t know what Tom Robinson’s sentence was because he died before he could receive it); and both lots of black men/man were found guilty.
They gang up on Ponyboy and threaten to cut his throat and hair. Then a bunch of greasers comes and chases them away. Ponyboy, Sodapop, and Darry’s parents were both killed in a car crash so now they live together in a small rundown house. The next night, they all go to a drive in movie. Ponyboy, Johnny, and Dallas sit behind two attractive Soc girls.
Scottsboro Racism Paragraph The Scottsboro trials were a long horrific eighteen-year-long trial about eight black boys in Scottsboro, Alabama. According to Anderson in the video lecture “Scottsboro Boys” a large group of people had gotten on a train to find work when a large fight broke out on the train. The fight was between eight black men and a few white men, the train stopped in Scottsboro when two white women got off the train and accused the eight black men of rape. The eight boys were brought into court and trialed. There were multiple cases of racism in the Scottsboro trials, one included that all the boys were trialed together and in only one day.
The train conductor noticed Plessy on the train car and kindly asked him if he was white. Plessy answered that he was black, and as a result, he was arrested. According to an article entitled, “Another Jim Crow Car Case” in a local newspaper, The Daily Picayune, on June 9, 1892, Homer Plessy violated Louisiana's Separate Car Act in an effort to test the law. Private Detective Cain arrested Plessy on
A little down the track a group of Caucasian males and females also boarded the same freight train. A fight then ensued which ended up with all but one Caucasian male thrown off of the freight train.Word got to the police in the outskirts of Scottsboro. The train was then stopped by policy officials. Two Caucasian females
When the suit reached Judge Frank Johnson he dismissed the case saying the state had the rights to draw a boundary of what he could accept, but after he dismissed the case it had reached the Court of Appeals and the ruling was upheld. Booker T. Washington, the head of Tuskegee, helped to advance education and self-improvement for blacks, saying that whites needed to accept that black people were deserving of voting rights. Gomillion and his attorneys appealed to the U.S Supreme Court. The case was argued by Alabama Civil Rights attorney Fred Grey. This was a landmark case, The Supreme Court ruled this was against the 14th and 15th amendment.
“They burned down white own tire company that burned on for days and nights, and all you could see was smoke from it all the way in uptown Miami.” (Floyd). “The actions that the National guard did was arrest the rioters.” (Donnie). The Impact it had on the rioters was that the national guard and police arrested 600 people during the riot. “When President Jim Carey came into town when he was on the middle of the speech the rioters were about to start a riot and harm the president”(Donnie). These events made the Blacks realize we are hurting our comment and need to stop.
In 1908, a violent 2-day race riot in Springfield, Illinois drove thousands of African-Americans from the city. There was news in Springfield, Illinois about a white woman being assaulted by a black man. Soon after, a similar incident happened. These incidents happened one after another with just hours in between. An angry mob of whites soon formed in response.