Coleman Hardee February 16, 2018 US History Research Paper 1st Period The Titanic The RMS Titanic was a luxury steamship sailing from Southampton to France and Ireland then on to New York. The ship could occupy 2,435 passengers and about 900 crew members, which is a total of 3,300 people on board. The ship never made it to its final stop. The Titanic sank on April 15th 1912. The Titanic’s hull was the largest man-made movable object in the world. Titanic’s 29 huge boilers powered the ship’s two main engines. Titanic was deemed unsinkable because it had 15 watertight bulkheads and a double bottom. The problem with this though was that “the watertight compartment design contained a flaw that was a critical factor in Titanic’s sinking: While the individual bulkheads were indeed watertight, the walls separating the bulkheads extended only a few feet above the waterline, so water could pour from one compartment into another, especially if the ship began to list or pitch forward.” Many people say that the ship was doomed from the start. On April 10th 1912, The Titanic set sail for Cherbourg, France and then to Queenstown, Ireland. There were 2,240 on board for the voyage. The ship left Ireland and was sailing to New York. On April 14th, the crew received reports of icy water from other ships but they did not see any so they were not concerned. There were also reports of icebergs in the area. The Titanic had a small coal fire when it left one of the docks it was previously
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Causes: When the titanic sank to the bottom of the ocean; it was 70 years until the wreckage was found by an expedition that was run by a famous oceanographer. Course: The unsinkable ship was out at sea for 3 days and hit an iceberg and 2 ½ hours to sink everyone was not able to be saved. The lifeboats could have held around 1000 people but only 705 people were saved. 1,500 people died that night.
On the USS Indianapolis, a tragic incident happened on the sinking. Soldiers lost their lives in many ways. The torpedo, drowning, sharks, dehydration, starvation, and drinking saltwater. Only three hundred and seventeen men survived the catastrophe. Today I am writing an essay about Why they died and how they could have prevented it.
The iceberg that sank the Titanic was about 50 to 100 feet high and approximately 200 to 400 feet long and the largest part of the iceberg was under the water! The crew of the Titanic was well aware of iceberg activity (1). When the Titanic hit the iceberg, the ship sank in 2 hours and 40 minutes (1). The Titanic received 6 radio calls of icebergs on April 14th
Approximately three hundred men went down with the ship. Many people either drowned while in a lower part of the ship, or was pulled under with the pressure the ship caused when it sank. Everyone who was lucky, or unlucky, enough to make it out and away from the ship banned together to try and survive. “Water, water, everywhere, and all the boards did shrink; water, water, everywhere, nor any drop to drink.”
The Ship 's Departure The Titanic started its journey on April 10th, 1912, journeying through the Atlantic ocean, and all was peaceful, the waters were calm, with nothing disturbing this wonderful journey. The air smelled of salt water, a soft breeze, and a slight chill in the air. The ship’s hull sliced the icy waters as it sailed across the sea. Four days into the journey, the ship had sailed about 375 miles south of
Despite being deemed unsinkable, the ship sank on its maiden voyage, even though “It was a luxurious passenger liner, which was considered to be unsinkable, due to its double-bottomed hull with sixteen watertight compartments'' (Kaufman, 2002, p. 898). One of the theories suggests that the Titanic never sank, and someone switched it with another White Star Line ship, the R.M.S. Olympic, to reap insurance money. However, there are a lot of holes in this theory, one of the biggest is that the Titanic’s insurance wasn’t enough to cover the Olympics loss. As J. Kent Layton writes in Conspiracies at Sea, “the switch conspiracy founders—quite literally—on its financial merits alone” (Little, 2018, para. 10).
The Titanic was “unsinkable”, because they had the latest and most ingenious safety devices. At the size of four city blocks, the titanic held two thousand, two hundred twenty-eight passengers. Only seven hundred five passengers survived. With the Titanic’s capacity it could have held forty-eight lifeboats, but White Star Line decided to only carry twenty lifeboats to keep the decks from being too crowded and to cut costs.
According to “A History In Numbers” by Dave Fowler, only 706 people aboard the Titanic survived the terrible accident, while the other 1,529 were taken down with the ship. Many people believed the iceberg was to blame for the sinking of the ship; however, the problems surrounding the ship began long before the ship set sail. “R.M.S Titanic” by Hanson W. Baldwin revealed that the crew was so confident in the ship’s inability to sink that they did not even pack enough lifeboats in case of an emergency. Furthermore, the captain and crew neglected to practice many safety drills that could have possibly saved many lives. The Titanic was doomed once the captain and crew set foot on the ship because of the arrogant aura they carried which resulted in the confusion and lack of resources that were obtainable during the sinking to many of the passengers including Master Harold Victor Goodwin and his family.
Firstly: the night of April 14, 1912 was a moonless and windless one, backed by very calm waters. These are factors that would make it more difficult to spot icebergs and growlers, the total opposite to the conditions that would be more suitable for the Titanic. During the ill fated day, commencing from as early as 9:00 a.m., a number of ships issued iceberg warnings to the Titanic, which, at first, appeared to have been treated as unimportant by the Titanic’s wireless
In addition, there were many stops the Titanic took. The 3 football field length ship, (According to Kids.nationalGeographic.com) caused a burst commotion when it left on its maiden voyage from Sotheasthampon, England, on April 10, 1912. It stopped at Cherbourg, France, and on April 11, it stopped in Queenstown (today known as Cobh), Ireland. Then it set sail for New York, it’s last stop, and had about 2,204 passengers when it headed for New York.
According to www.titanicuniverse.com with the deaths in first and second class combined did not equal the deaths in third class. The sinking of Titanic took 536 third class passengers, 130 first class passengers, and 166 second class passengers. The Titanic took 1,347 lives of only men, and out of 899 crew members 685 of them died. Today the Titanic lays 12,000 feet in depth on the ocean floor (www.titanicfacts.net). It took roughly 15 minutes for she can reach the ocean floor, at a speed of descent of 16 kilometers per hour.
The Titanic 's maiden voyage was a disaster because it was supposed to be unsinkable but it sunk on April 14, 1912. Fourteen delivery-trip passengers boarded the Titanic, a few stayed onboard and died in the sinking. In calm seas under a clear sky, the Titanic tried to avoid an iceberg. It stayed on the water for 2 hours and 40 minutes during a chaotic attempt at evacuation. So many people died during this event and it is really sad.
The RMS Titanic is one of the most famous ocean liners that has sailed the Atlantic. She was the largest ship of it’s time and was ironically nicknamed the “unsinkable” ship. No one would know the irony of that statement until her first and last voyage from Southampton, England to New York City. On the morning of April 15th, 1912 the Titanic collided with an iceberg. After 2 hours and 40 minutes of her hull filling with water, her stern rose up into the air and broke in two before sinking in the great Atlantic.
The effects of this disaster were devastating to hundreds of families. In order to prevent more cases like the Titanic, the Harland and Wolff of Belfast company improved and fixed several of the ships that they had made. The changes were based on the failures that engineers overlooked while building the Titanic. In 1948, during the Convention of Safety of Life at Sea, new safety regulations were put into play that both the British and American government agreed upon. The safety regulations would (hopefully) prevent any more cases of accidents similar to the sinking of the Titanic.
Other reasons that could have caused the Titanic to sink was faults from the people on the ship. The captain was going to fast through a known ice field. “For some, the fact that the Titanic was sailing full speed ahead despite concerns about icebergs was Smith 's biggest misstep.” (NBC News) The Titanic received multiple warnings about icebergs but the last one might not have reached the captain.