Since his efforts do not work, his girlfriend leaves him to be happier with the caveman. This story is composed of different language elements such as: irony, symbolism, and allusions. Irony is a form of figurative language that is composed to explain the meaning of a story. There are four types of irony such as: situational, dramatic,verbal, and poetic justice. In the story “The Cavemen in the Hedges” the author includes examples of these four forms of irony.
The presence of greed utilized by Chaucer in the Pardoner’s tale presents satire as his character is meant to be honorable, yet, behind the scenes is actually the most unethical one. The first example the audience is shown of this fraud is as the pardoner explains his motives, when he states, “Of avarice and of swich cursednesse/ Is al my prechyng, for to make hem free/ To yeven hir pens; and namely, unto me!/ For myn entente is nat but for to wynne,/ And no thyng for correccioun of synne” (114 – 118). The Pardoner is extremely upfront regarding his greedy motives as seen in the quote “For myn entente is nat but for to wynne,” (117). The sole reason he is in this game is no other reason than to make money. The revelation of this goal results in an ironic situation as his job consists of preaching against greed, while the only reason of his employment is driven by his own greed.
Verbal irony can be seen in the story when Montresor told the “attendees” to stay in the house while he was gone. Montresor knew the “attendees” would leave because he figured “These orders were sufficient, I well knew, to insure their immediate disappearance…” (paragraph 24). Poe uses this device to convey the cleverness of Montresor. Montresor is a clever man, who knows his attendees will not listen to him. Although Poe does use irony, it is not the only literary device he uses.
Which is the use of humor, or irony to expose people 's stupidity. Chaucer uses satire in the Canterbury Tales to attack three institutions, the church, patriarchy, and class nobility. In the Canterbury Tales, Chaucer addresses the church hypocrisy with many different characters, one that includes the Pardoner. Chaucer isn 't anti church, he just believes its a hypocrisy. He uses the Friar, the Summoner, and the Pardoner to express his views of the church.
In the end, they actually ended up killing each other. This is ironic because they had first focused on killing death but in the end decided they were going to kill each other. The main character, the pardoner tells the tale of the primary version of what verbal irony is. He speaks to the pilgrims that greed is the root of all evil. However, his entire existence within his life is based upon the ideas of greed.
Throughout the story, Montresor uses verbal irony numerous times to foreshadow his intentions to the audience. One example in The Cask of Amontillado, and probably the most obvious, is Montresor's cruel "Yes, for the love of God!". This has multiple meanings, such as indicating that Montresor believes his actions are righteous, or that he is mocking Fortunato. The irony in this quote is in its implications of Godly love; what Montresor is doing is anything but loving or Godly, and there is no interpretation in which this does not strike the reader as the opposite of the meaning of the words. Another use of this verbal irony is in Montresor’s concern for Fortunato’s health.
Irony is often used in literature to illustrate certain situations to the audience. In some pieces of literature that might be pointing out an unjust system, in others that might be to add a comedic effect, but whatever situation the author wants to illustrate, irony is very beneficial. Through small and witty, one-liners, or a bigger dramatic irony situation contrasting two very different situations, irony can be very beneficial for the reader to understand the story. Both “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson and The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins have a corrupt dystopian society. Through the use of irony, the author can portray the corruptness to the audience.
When situational irony is applied to a story, there often is an unexpected twist in the plot, typically leaving a reader surprised. For instance, O. Henry of “The Ransom of Red Chief” uses situational irony in a comedic manner, whereas Guy de Maupassant uses situational irony to provide a sense of pity towards the protagonist. Nevertheless, authors tend to use situational irony to allocate sentiment. Author O.Henry of “The Ransom of Red Chief” employs situational irony to create a humorous effect within his short story. One example of this humorous irony is when the child’s kidnappers, Bill and Sam, end up paying a bounty to the child’s guardian.
Lloyd Dendinger states in his analysis, “John Crowe Ransom,” the two largest points in Ransom’s poetry are, “irony,” and the, “texture of his verse.” In other words, the majority of Ransom’s poetry focuses on irony, diction, and how they are related. According to Dendinger, these devices occur in all of Ransom’s major works. Dendinger supports this idea of recurring devices like irony, with many examples throughout the analysis. Dendinger believes the poem, “Bells for John Whiteside’s Daughter,” uses ironic masking when describing the death of a young girl who loved to play. The choice of diction, such as, “tireless,” when describing the active nature of the girl really stabs at the fact that she died, showing Dendinger’s point of irony.