Tolstoy's Ontological Argument Analysis

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Question No. 10 Answer:
Anselm guaranteed his ontological argument as confirmation of the existence of God, whom he depicted as that being for which no more noteworthy can be imagined. A god that does not exist can 't be that than which no more noteworthy can be considered, as existence would make it more prominent. Hence, as per St. Anselm, the concept of God essentially entails His existence. He denies Gaunilo a Godless epistemology. Gaunilo scrutinized Anselm 's argument by utilizing the same reasoning, by means of reductio commercial absurdum, to demonstrate the existence of the mythical Lost Island, the best or absolute best island possible: if the island of which we are thinking does not exist, it can 't be the best possible island, for, …show more content…

He looked for a sort of religion that does not guarantee happiness in paradise or in existence in the wake of death however guarantees that people achieve happiness on earth. While we discover this perspective in his journal composed amid his childhood, his position remained essentially unaltered even after he got to be stirred to religious faith at fifty years old. Tolstoy 's philosophy is frequently said to have a Buddhist standpoint. When he talked about religions, Tolstoy initially centered on all inclusive truths regular in each religion and after that endeavored to catch the remarkable elements of every religion. Tolstoy sympathized with the Buddhist philosophy of self-salvation through great deeds. In any case, in the meantime he thought Buddhism isn 't right in not perceiving the meaning and reason for this life (which prompts self-renunciation). This may have been because of the impact of the cynical Buddhist philosophy that was common in Europe at the time. While as indicated by Kierkegaard; faith and religion are the commitments despite uncertainty: and the more prominent that uncertainty, the more noteworthy the faith that is demanded. The best faith of all is belief in the outlandish and that is precisely how Kierkegaard saw the Christian faith. Christianity, he contended, is a conundrum and crazy in …show more content…

Paley depicted the design argument about existence of God. As indicated by Paley, the deduction from the observation of the unpredictable design of the universe to the conclusion of a universe-maker who developed and designed its utilization would be inevitable. He contends generally as the capacity and intricacy of a watch suggests a watch-maker, so in like manner the capacity and multifaceted nature of the universe infers the existence of a universe-maker. Paley attempted to accommodate the clear savagery and lack of concern of nature with his belief in a decent God, lastly reasoned that the delights of life essentially exceeded its distresses. Where Darwin withdrew from Paley was in his concept of natural choice as a procedure that could create adaptation and design without the comprehensive mediation of a benevolent

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