As mentioned previously, Augustus declared war on Cleopatra and in doing so declared war on Antony who, since beginning a relationship with Cleopatra, was going to support her in the battle. In doing this, Augustus knew he would gain more support due to people feeling able to swap to support him rather than Antony with the reason of not liking Cleopatra rather than seeming disloyal. Despite Cleopatra having a large army, Antony lost a large proportion of his support from the army to Augustus and therefore Augustus defeated Antony and Cleopatra. This battle could be seen to lead the way to Augustus ruling the new Roman empire as a powerful military state because he had been able to gain so much support in the lead up and during this battle and therefore the reason why it changed so drastically was because of the feud between Antony and Augustus allowing it to when Augustus declared war on Cleopatra. However, one question raised by this is if Antony would have fought Augustus if he didn’t have the support of Cleopatra and her army and if he wouldn’t have, would Antony still have run the Roman Empire as a military state or maybe followed Caesar and become a dictator? The war may have shown Augustus that a military state was a plausible way of
He is best known for being the first Roman army commander to invade England which he did in 55 BC and again in 54 BC. After serving in the Roman Army, Caesar developed an interest in politics. In 59 BC, Caesar was appointed a consul and in 58 BC he went to Gaul (France) where he served as governor. In 49 BC the Senate ordered Caesar to hand over his army to their control. Instead Caesar advanced on Italy but paused at the line that divided France (Gaul) and Italy – the River Rubicon. Caesar returned to Rome in 45 BC as a dictator. In 44 BC, Caesar was murdered by those politicians who feared that he was too obsessed with his own importance. These are the main events in Caesar’s
He launched his own political and military career in the early 60s BC that was quite successful. He campaigned and struck a deal with two of Rome’s leading figures, Pompey, and the Great Crassus. The three of them controlled Rome throughout the 50s BC until the death of Crassus. This death caused friction between Caesar andPompey and they went to war on each other in 49 BC.“10 Major Accomplishments of Julius Caesar.” 2016 Retrieved from:https://learnodo-newtonic.com/julius-caesar-accomplishmentsThe opposition between Caesar and Pompey led to the Great Roman Civil War. Caesar defeated Pompey and his supporters in the senate and undisputedly became the leader of Rome in 49BC. This was his rise to dictatorship which was usually given only in times of emergencies.He also held indefinite tribunician power so that other tribunals could not interfere with his actions.C. N. Trueman, The Roman Empire, Retrieved from:historylearningsite.co.uk.Thehistorylearningsite, 16 March 2016. 6 June 2018.The geographical expansion started with the neighboring country of Carthage. Carthage was more powerful and for years Rome lived in fear of these great traders of the Mediterranean Sea. Rome wanted to expand their trading zone and knew that a clash with the Carthaginians was
Caesar’s career effectively began in 59BC when he was elected as a consul. However, it did not take him long before he was appointed to govern Illyricum in Southeastern Europe, Cisalpine Gaul in northern Italy and Transalpine Gaul in the southern part of France. The appointment brought four legions under his command. Being in debt, Caesar’s appointment as governor presented him with the opportunity to make money through extortion or military adventurism. As O'Brien observes, the prospect of conquering new provinces would provide individuals with the opportunity to amass wealth as well as create a loyal army. Accordingly, being a powerful commander, Caesar annexed Gaul besides expanding Roman provinces in North Africa. However; Caesar’s military success in conquering new territories and consequent rise in his influence often unsettled the Roman Senate that increasingly saw him as a threat. In 49 BC, therefore, the Senate ordered Caesar to disband his army and return to Rome. Caesar disobeyed the order, paving the way for a violent civil war that would slowly facilitate the decline of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire as its replacement (O'Brien
Summary: The two armies meet up to discuss the following war. After the argument, they head towards their own sides to prepare. Brutus then tells Messala to ride towards the other forces for a surprise attack. Cassius sees his army being killed and kidnapped and says he’s seen enough. So, he asks Pindarus to kill him when he cannot go any longer. When Titinius returns to Cassius’ body, he mourns and commits suicide as well. When the first battle was over, Octavius was given authority and took over the name “Caesar”. Brutus was expected to fight the second battle, however he could not bare to battle again, so he sends a diversion and ends up killing himself. Octavius and his army head back to Rome in Triumph.
From this unrest arose the second triumvirate. This triumvirate was composed of Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian. The second triumvirate lasted for about one decade after the murder of Caesar. As with the first triumvirate, the leaders’ dissimilarities with each other started emersion causing some friction in areas of interest and political ambition. Octavian eventually exiled Octavian, and defeated Antony at sea, who eventually committed suicide with his Egyptian wife Cleopatra. Being the only remaining ruler, Octavian Returned to Rome and declared himself princeps of Rome. In 27 BC, the Senate gave Octavian the holy title of Augustus, and later ruled for 41 years. The policies he enacted set the groundwork for the era of peace known as the Pax
Octavian, who would later be known as Augustus, was the adopted grandnephew of Julius Caesar. After Julius Caesar’s death, Octavian would join with two other rulers named Mark Antony and Lepidus. Together they would become the second triumvirate or group of three rulers. Jealousy took over, and Octavian was the final ruler left of the three. Octavian changed his name to Augustus and became the new emperor of Rome. From the beginning of his rule in 27 B.C., peace reigned throughout the empire called the Pax Romana, or Roman Peace. Augustus was Rome’s most stable and powerful emperor and sustained Rome by keeping peace and glorifying the empire as well.
Julius Caesar left an everlasting impact on the world during his short time on earth. Julius Caesar started his reign in Spain when he became governor in 61 BCE, then only one year later he created the first triumvirate with his allies Crassus, and Pompey. As Julius Caesar continued his road to success, he became consul in 59 BCE. After becoming Consul for one year he spread his power to Gaul and became governor there in 58 BCE serving two four year terms. For the eight years Caesar expanded his power by winning every single battle he fought. Then in 49 BCE Julius Caesar led his troops across the Rubicon River to regain control over Rome. One year later in 48 BCE Julius Caesar served as consul again for four years until in 44 BCE Julius
Julius Caesar was a Roman Dictator and general. He was involved in helping with the rise of the Roman Republic. He was famous for conquering many places, including Gaul. He also had many military achievements. Through these many military achievements, Caesar was able to expand Rome and make it better. Caesar was able to rise up and be one of the best leaders \of Rome. Although Julius Caesar fought in many wars, he was a strong leader of the Romans who weakened the Roman Republic but strengthened the Roman Empire by his military achievements helping expand Rome and establishing one of the most sophisticated empires in the ancient world.
The adopted son of the great Julius Caesar, Gaius Octavius born in 23rd of September 63 BC and reigned from 27 BC-14 AD. Although he never claimed the title of an emperor, he was in fact the first emperor of Rome. The process taken by Gaius Octavius to become Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus and the sequence of events that led to Octavian eliminating his potential threats to his succession was a significant historical figures. Event that was taken by Gaius Octavianus in order for his succession of becoming Augustus was through Eliminating political parties through war and through proscription, Avenging Caesars death(second triumvirate vs Cassius and Brutus) and the battle of Actium in which will be furtherly discussed.
Cleopatra’s story was told in many ways, but the best found was written by a historian named Plutarch, who lived about a century after Cleopatra. Cleopatra was born in 69 B.C. Although her family ruled Egypt, Cleopatra was Macedonian Greek. She became queen of Egypt at eighteen years old in 61B.C. She led Egypt with her younger brother Ptolemy XIII, who was ten. She did not get along well with her brother, and they started a civil war in Egypt. Cleopatra feared losing her power, so she decided to sneak into Caesar’s palace by having Apollodorus wrap her up in a piece of bedding. She wanted to make allies with Caesar because he was such a powerful man. When Cleopatra and Caesar met, they decided to get married for political reasons. Egypt had
To begin with, Julius Caesar was a was a glory hound and put his needs before the republic. Caesar used his power as dictator more towards his advantage instead of helping the people in Rome. An account written by Suetonius says that “ Caesar urged them rather to propose to the people that he be permitted to stand for a second consulship
Even though Caesar ruled as an absolute ruler he had created many reforms and did a lot to help the poor (McDougal 161) but in the end he was killed because he was seen as having too much power for ruling a republic. It was Antony who fought for the fate of Rome with Octavian. Antony, as Caesar's successor, would have strived to rule just like him, but it was because of Antony’s loss of power in the end that led to Octavian becoming Rome’s first emperor. It was also Antony’s actions of having an affair with Cleopatra the led to the end of the Second Triumvirate and a Roman civil
Determination, strong alliances, and keeping her family's dynasty alive were all the key components Cleopatra needed to restore Egypt. According to Grochowski “Cleopatra used any means necessary to complete her goals and protect the country she loved, known as Egypt” (Grochowski 1). Cleopatra acquired a bad reputation because of her background but she did many things to make Egypt her top priority. Although she was not fit to be the ruler of Egypt, Cleopatra did restore Egypt to former glory because of her determination, strong alliances, and hunger to keep her family’s dynasty alive.
“Veni, vidi, vici” – Julius Caesar by this he meant “I came, I saw, I conquered”. (www.brainyquote.com) These are three things Julius Caesar did in Rome. Julius Caesar was significant in Rome because he was instrumental in ending the Roman Republic and beginning the Roman Empire, he created job programs for poor romans and took power away from the senators who hated him for it. He is one of the most famous people in ancient Rome. Julius Caesar was a soldier, “Roman general and dictator”. (www.ducksters.com) He took power from Rome using force. He was hated by some of the Roman senators. “Julius Caesar was stabbed 23 times by the Senators who assassinated him”. (www.dkfindout.com)