Although Truman’s actions and the new ‘policies’ that he introduced were a major factor to the deterioration of America-Soviet relations, it is important to understand the pre-1945 factors that affected these relations. After World War I, European countries adopted an appeasement ideology: The world was horrified by what the war had done to Europe, and a war like that must never happen again, so peace must be protected at all costs. This led to many attempts to preserve peace in Europe, which ultimately failed as Germany invaded Poland and the world realized that another war was about to begin. However, one of the last agreements that the western countries signed with the Nazis might have been the start of the bad Soviet relations with these countries: the Munich agreement. This agreement said that Hitler was free to invade a portion of Czechoslovakia, as long as he went no further.
“The way we choose to see the world creates the world we see”(Barry Neil Kaufman). Different perspective lead humans to make decisions that lead to conflicts, such as the Cold War. The Cold War was a rivalry between the U.S.S.R (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) and the U.S.A(United States of America). Cold War had no direct military actions between the countries. Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century.
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817). Their end goal was to completely contain, or confine communism(Truman). As the first presidents to combat communism, Harry S. Truman started at the bottom in terms of what strategy to take in this war. As mentioned in his speech, The Truman Doctrine, his plan of economic aid was to financially support Greece and Turkey to help them stop communism from expanding to other areas (Truman).
Communism in the Cold War "The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want, they spread and grow in the evil soil of the poverty and strife. They reach their full growth when the hope of a people for a better life has died. We must keep that hope alive." as said by Harry S. Truman on march 12, 1947 in The Truman Doctrine. While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817).
In conclusion, the Cold War created a great tension between the US and Soviet Union in forming competing ideologies of capitalism and communism. These opposite ideals were the driving force behind many major decisions by the US in its foreign policy in terms of containing the spread of communism. The US engaged in proxy wars where it supported allies which held similar beliefs. In the Vietnam conflict, the US not only supported an ally but even fought side by side to stop the adoption of communism in that country. Although looking back, the US may question its involvement in the Vietnam war, at that time, based on its position taken in the Cold War conflict this high cost seemed well worth it.
Specifically looking at the New Deal era, it is clear that Soviet intelligence preferred to recruit assets using ideological enticements, resulting in large networks in short periods of time, but also contributing to the eventual loss of several key intelligence assets. Laurence Duggan One of the first Soviet intelligence assets during the New Deal years, Laurence Duggan, proved to be a useful asset at first by fostering a network of assets; however, his ideological motivation for supporting Soviet intelligence quickly led to his demise as he began to have doubts. Since Soviet intelligence had to build a network of assets from the ground up, building a network quickly and effectively was a major priority. Laurence Duggan worked in the Latin American Division at the State Department, and he naturally cultivated friendships in divisions like the European Division, an important priority for the Soviets. Meanwhile, his handler was cultivating relationships with other State
Arthur Schlesinger Jr, states that ‘the Cold War in its original form was a presumably mortal antagonism, in the wake of the Second World War, between two rigidly hostile blocs (1967, 22).’ The quote embodies the power struggle that was played out between America and the Soviets during the post war era. Historians and theorists have been drawing from ideologies and different international world orders to help gain an accurate understanding of the origins of the Cold War. In a bipolar world, as described by Waltz, neither major power seeks approval with one another; they just have to cope with one another, however within great-power politics who is threatening who can create feelings of uncertainty between them and then a Cold War is born (1988, 622). The orthodox argument makes the claim that the United States was responding to the threatening nature of the USSR, despite trying to integrate
He was able to save South Korea from becoming communists To conclude, Truman significantly impacted the Cold War. Whether positively or negatively is popularly controversial. All his actions come from the conflicts of ideology of how societies should work. Due to his extremes, we can tell that Truman would go to any length necessary to wanting to stay the super power of the world. Due to his extremes, we can tell that Truman would go to any length necessary to He had helped many countries get back on their feet, but also killed many Japanese, Chinese and threatned the Soviets constantly.
The type of peace, temporary or more permanent, depends on how long it will last as conflict is a part of human nature, leading to the conclusion peace can lead to war. A temporary peace can be compared to putting a band-aid over a bullet hole; it might hold and stop the blood on the surface but there’s much more damage in the inside. The Treaty of Versailles was a band-aid to the other world problems after WW1. First when the treaty was being written the US, Britain and France could not agree to which degree the terms against Germany should be. The US wanted “peace without victory”, France wanted to cripple Germany and gain security from the treaty and Britain wanted middle ground of wat the US and Germany wanted (Treaty of Versailles: How America, France & Britain Benefited.).
The Treaty of Versailles was far from perfect, but some of the biggest faults were forcing Germany to take the blame for the whole war, demanding they give up all of their colonies and decrease the size of their military, and paying reparations to the Allies. This flawed treaty also attributed to the start of World War II. In part eight of the treaty the blame of World War I is discussed. “Part VIII – Reparations – Section I: General Provisions – Article 231. The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies” (Kirchberger 365).