The Treaty of Versailles was the Treaty signed by Germany, France, Britain, and the USA in 1919 on June 28th. The “Big Three” all had their personal aggressions towards Germany and as a result the Treaty was rather harsh. The Treaty of Versailles was significant to some extent to Hitler’s rise to power in 1933 because it left the people of Germany vulnerable and confused which made Hitler’s extreme ideas easier to appeal to. Economically, it left Germany’s economy in tatters due to the reparations. Socially, there was the war guilt clause which caused an outrage amongst the German people.
Many people were forced to work under Nazis’ commands. He believed that Germany would win World War II if he could establish dictatorship and finish the Jews. Hitler was very harsh and rude towards his state. He totally eliminated opposition parties and forced people to obey Nazis’ commands. Racism was at its peak.
These people ranged from his own army officers to the countries peasants. Stalin knew that mixed in with his followers were people who could turn against him at any time. To pick those people out, he set up fake organizations that were told to help topple the government. In over a thirty year time period, Stalin killed about ten million people. In 1936 Joseph Stalin produced a new constitution for the Soviet Union.
Adolf Hitler abused his power negatively by killing/torturing many jews and treating everyone but the dominant person in his eyes poorly. He also caused countless other problems naming him as one of the worst leaders in history. Adolf Hitler had a lot of power being the ruler of Nazi Germany, but he used to poorly, with power like that many good can be done but Adolf Hitler used it in a negative way. He used his power to create a genocide against Jews and focus the country towards war instead of improvement of the nation. Adolf Hitler, was an aspiring artist but there was no success coming his way therefore he screened for Austrian military service in 1914, and was put into war when world war 1 started, being deployed in october 1914 to Belgium.
Many of the German Jews fought the battle. The Germans were so humiliated and Hitler joined the He then joined the National Socialist workers party (Nazi party), which was for a group of young men. Germany had to get rid of their emperor. So Germany was looking for a good leader to average France and they basically accepted Hitler.. Hitler later headed the Nazi party.
Stalin has been blamed for many atrocities. Next to Hitler, he’s seen as the megalomaniac dictator of World War Two. Stalin’s purges were a brutal solution to Stalin’s problem yet it was a solution. Without the purges, It’s doubtful Russia would have been able to stand in their later years during World War Two and beyond. How were the purges so successful?
Benito Mussolini, the now deceased dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1943, was the glimmering hope that the people of Italy looked to during their time of need. Some considered him a leader, a dictator, and even a God. Not many people know how he attained this power or what went wrong that led to his demise. Yet, he was able to leave his mark on Italy throughout his reign and even some time after. Mussolini’s rise and fall to power as dictator of Italy is attributed to his control over the people, him maintaining a good image towards the people and foreign countries, his economic decisions, and his inability to make effective decisions.
The most famous one was the Chairman of the State Duma, Mikhail Rodzianko, he said to his emperor: “I implore you my sovereign, banish this dirty interloper from the court.” The Czar then replied: “No, I cannot promise you that.” Mistakes followed by mistakes, Nicholas II’s reign started to ruin when he decided to command the troops in World War I and leave the whole of Russia to his wife and Rasputin as adviser. The Czar’s foolish in “leaving the inexperienced and untalented Alexandra to run the empire along with the evil and ambitious Rasputin” paved the way for the destruction of the 300 year-long Romanov dynasty. That was
Persecution is the elimination of a certain religious, ethnic, or political group to strengthen the government's power. Often times the government uses the tactic of scapegoating, or blaming a group for the country's flaws, to achieve this (Key Traits of Totalitarianism Handout). Hitler blamed the Jewish people for Germany’s loss in World War 1. The Jews were used as scapegoats to reduce the humiliation of the Germans for losing the war. Because of this, Hitler’s goal was to cleanse Germany of any backstabbing Jews (Growing Fascism in Germany Notes, pg 1).
Constantly switching between the two and feeding Oceanias inhabitants lies about the others. Once this “groupthink” (Psychological Aspects Behind the Causes of the Holocaust) is widely tolerated something “can go from being wrong or weird to acceptable and normal very quickly” (Psychological Aspects Behind the Causes of the Holocaust) . There is a domino effect and people begin to fall in line so to speak. It is easier to agree with what seems to be the majority than it is to disagree. This, arguably vulnerable, psychological concept coded into humans is taken advantage of by these corrupt governments to plant ideas within massive numbers of people.
Europe was still very unstable because of the effects of World War I especially Germany. Their politics and economy were very unstable, so it was easy for a dictator to take the “throne”. Hitler and the Nazi party soonly took over. The Allied powers continually tried to get Hitler to stop expanding and conquering other lands. Hitler agreed, but continually disregarded them violating and denouncing the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I. Germany signed treaties with Japan and Italy to help them take over the world.
During this time, Britain had an agreement with the Soviet Union and the United States and occupied other countries. While in the United States, President Roosevelt froze Japanese assets, suspended relations, and had an oil embargo. Back in Germany, they experimented with the gas chambers, advanced towards Moscow, created the Night and Fog Decree, and forced Jews to wear the Star of David. By this time, more than 33,771 Jews were killed. The Soviets started taking and retaking cities, launching a major counter-attack and caused Germany to abandon Moscow (The History Place, n.d.).
From one the three causes of World War One, Alliances were the most influential cause from the start. From the beginning, European nations believed in the balance of power by unifying European nations. However, all hope for European nations to be the most dominated countries were broken after the alliance between Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary united, called the Triple Alliance. Despite this misconception, the Triple Entente was created with the alliances between Great Britain, France, and Russia. This has created tension between the nation and because of the incident in Austria-Hungary when a Serbian assassin murdered the Archduke.
During this time 6,000,000 Jews were killed, not by war, but rather at the hands of Germany. Hitler believed that Jews were an inferior race and was a threat to German purity. After years of being mistreated Hitler had a plan called the Final Solution, which was the attempt to extinct the entire Jewish Population. Germany would accomplish this by concentration camps that were set up in Poland.
After World War I and during the interwar years, countries such as Germany, Italy and the Soviet Union had to pay for their loss in war. This sent all these countries into poverty and their countries were looking for answers. In a desperate time, the people from these three nations put totalitarian leaders into power in hope for fast change. When in power these leaders became dictators and did everything they could to ensure stability and loyalty to their leadership. During the interwar years, leaders rose and maintained power through the use of force and manipulation to eliminate all opposing options.