The Columbian Exchange was the process of exchanging animals, agriculture, and diseases. The most important change that I believe occurred was the agriculture exchange. The old world introduced more tropical fruits than what was available as well as grains. They brought over cash crops such as sugar and coffee beans because in Europe those were the crops that were priced the highest. In fact, it was so lucrative to grow sugar in the Carribean, they imported all of their food out so they had more room to grow it.
5.Great Britain received the colonists goods for cheap, and they gained more money than necessary due to the raising of the prices on the goods that the colonies would need. 6.Great Britain controlled politics in the
This increased the import tax on many different goods like sugar, that were brought in from abroad. Next was the Stamp
To make more money, King George raised the taxes of the American colonies. Most of the settlers were not all Englishmen, they were immigrants from other countries as well. Many felt like the taxes were too high. Because of these axes, this caused settlers to move west onto uncharted land. This caused the French-Indian war (Espinosa, 2008).
In American Colonies, Alan Taylor argues that “the sugar boom revolutionized the economy, landscape, demography and social structure of Barbados.” (p.210). Sugar became very important for everyone who grew it, especially in Barbados. By 1660, Barbados made the most sugar consumed by England. This made “more trade and capital than all other English colonies combined.”
He states “The productive prowess of the salve plantation was the driving force behind the commercial booms” (Blackburn, 398). Also the details that he provides in his book, Blackbum has some good points to back up his statement. It is the how economy functions, supply and demand, so we introduce a product to consumers and if they like it, there is a greater demand generated for that particular product. In this instance there was a high demand for plantation products and since technology was not yet advanced, the plantation owners relayed on slave labor, more slaves leads to larger output which leads to bigger profits.
One immediate consequence was that cotton production rose by nearly fifty times as Southern planters began processing their cotton with the gin. Additional improvements to the machine and the development of a large-scale factory version further spurred the rapid emergence of cotton as a profitable cash crop (Brain 60). Over the span of half a century, cotton production in the United States skyrocketed from four thousand bales in 1790 to over a million bales in 1840, an increase of over 250 times (“Cotton Kingdom” 75). By the 1840s, Southern cotton made up half of American exports and constituted about 60% of the world’s supply of cotton. In addition, cotton stimulated the national economy in multiple ways.
Hawaii has given the opportunity to the U.S. government to make a substantial amount of profit, which is an incredible reason for bringing annexation to Hawaii. During this time period, sugar was a very high selling product that everyone demanded for and Hawaii had sugar plantations across the land. For example, the Mckinley Tariff was great influential law towards the American economy. Unlike the Reciprocity Treaty, the McKinley Tariff exceedingly taxed goods that were imported to other foreign countries that were from Hawaii. However, importing sugar or goods to America did not have a high price that came along with it.
The amplification of new production goods enhanced businessmen to make create more factories, therefore causing Britain to obtain higher riches. Additionally, coal became very abundant after the Crystal Palace was created in the Great Exposition in London. Corn was also mentioned in the film as Scrooge’s business dealt with
Slaves were a main part of the South, and now that the Cotton Gin was in effect more slaves could not be freed. In fact, plantation owners began to move to larger plantations where they would need even more slaves. Southern farmers did not want to have to go out in the field and do the work that they could buy slaves to do for them. However, the Cotton Gin was a success in the South because it increased the population, and helped the production of Cotton become stronger. The US Economy became better in both the North and the South with this
The sugar trade was used and helped in many different ways. The sugar trade helped with business, money, shops, and economic reasoning. This became such a big industry all over the world. Sugar become so popular that everyone wanted to grow some, but they didn’t know how. They thought of the idea to use slaves for those who knew what they were doing.
In today’s world, a lot of fast fashion is made pretty cheap. In the book, Sugar Changed The World, a description of slavery and the issue with sugar in the 18th and 19th centuries is displayed. In the movie True Cost, a description on the world of fast fashion today and the worker issues and production of the clothes are displayed, which are very similar to those of the sugar world. Producers do as much as they can to get work done at a cheap price, not thinking of the true cost on the workers. With sugar back in the 16th and 17th century, workers were treated similarly.
Queen Elizabeth also advanced England’s economy, mostly by engaging in a wider world market. Under her rule, two of the most famous British trading monopolies developed: The Levant Company and the British East India Company. The Levant Company traded in the Ottoman Empire, and rivaled and surpassed the Dutch tea trade companies, boosting the English economy. The goal of the British East India Company was to control spice trade with the East Indies and eliminate any competition with the Spanish and Portuguese companies. British merchants sailed to the Far East and the Ottoman Empire to gather spices for tea and seasoning and quickly made successful trade businesses that contributed to the growing English economy.
When it comes to the topic of sugar most of us would agree that it impacted the world. Where this agreement ends ,however, is on the question of whether good or bad. Whereas some are convinced that it was a negative change, others maintain that it was a positive change. However sugar affected the world in a negative way by causing slavery, poor work condition, inequality, and low wages.
The growth of the enslaved African American population directly led to an increase in domestic slave trade in the early 1800s. As a result, by 1860 a very significant amount of slaves worked on plantations in the Deep South. Hot temperatures, long work days, and harsh treatment made slave life unfathomably difficult. Families were destroyed, in fact, a third of children under the age of fourteen were separated from their parents and about a quarter of marriages were split, due to slave trade. Slavery was dehumanizing, but maintaining and creating culture and traditions was a way for slaves to have an identity, and in many ways was a resistance to the demeaning nature of slavery.