The New England colonies include Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. The first settlers that came into the New England colonies were the Puritans who wanted to practice religious freedom. Unfortunately, most of these colonies are not tolerant of other religions. The self-government economy is based on religious beliefs. Finally, the colonies rely on fishing and shipbuilding since the soil and long winters are unsuitable for farming.
During the 16th and 17th century, England began trying to colonize the New World. England sent out many colonists in an attempt to make more money and gain more land in the Americas. These colonies were separated into different sections: Plymouth Bay, and the Southern Colonies. Although each of these colonies were English colonies, they all developed differently.
Chesapeake, being spread out, made it hard to have an established government and religion. Though their loosely established church was Anglican, the people in the Chesapeake region rarely attended church or practiced any form of religion. Roger Williams was concerned that not having a set religion would cause conflicts between people(Doc G). The lack of uniformity in Chesapeake was not only a concern of Williams but many people. New England was able to create a completely different land. They based their community around the puritan church with strict guidelines and rules (Doc J). The church of Salem had a goal of pleasing God by any means (Doc F). Overall, the New England Colony was based off a plantation of religion and not of trade(Doc B). This shows just how devoutly the people of the New England Colony practiced religion and how much they differed from the
Religion influence the funding and development of New England Colonies because it was one of the main reasons why the people wanted to break away. The Church of England believed that everyone should praise God, but only on their terms. The people of the church believed that only certain people could interpret the word of God and this made a group of people angry. This group of people wanted to ‘purify’ the church, which is where they got the name the Puritans. Puritans believed all catholic based beliefs should be taken out of the church and that it was not required to worship God. Also, there was a group of people, such as Anne Hutchinson, who were called the Antinomians. Antinomians rejected all traditional moral laws, believing that they
The name of the document/sermon being analyzed is “A Model of Christian Charity” by John Winthrop. It was written on board the ship Arbella on route to America/ The New World where they were to set up a colony. The colony of Massachusetts, a colony of puritans (1). An analysis of the sermon “A Model of Christian Charity” reveals to us how this piece of document was very important for creating and maintaining the Massachusetts colony and for the puritans.
In Nathaniel Hawthorne 's The Scarlet Letter, Hester Prynne gives birth to a daughter through an affair and makes an effort to lead a new life of repentance and self-respect. Meanwhile, Arthur Miller 's The Crucible, set in the same Puritan society of Salem, tells a dramatized story of the Salem Witch Trials. Abigail Williams, an intelligent and manipulative young woman, covets a married man, John Proctor, and tries to get his wife, Elizabeth Proctor, killed in the trials. To begin with, both Hester Prynne and Abigail Williams are beautiful, independent women who have a thirst for life and are driven by a noble emotion: love. Yet, Abigail 's love leads to her own corruption, while Hester 's love becomes her personal strength. Hester does not
Colonists who came to America differed greatly in backgrounds and settled for various reasons: Colonist in the New England Colony came to America primarily because they were religious reformers and separatist seeking a new way of life; the Middle Colony was inhabited by a tolerant and diverse group of people with different backgrounds; And the Southern Colony was mainly inhabited by English aristocrats, small farmers, and slaves. Because each colonial region inhabited different groups of colonists the social development differed greatly in each region. New England was founded on the Puritan faith and maintained a strong sense of faith, family, and community. New Englan was very strict on enforcing a strong sense Puritan religion, the lifestyle of colonist revolved around the puritan faith, so much so, it was referred to the "city upon a hill". Contrasting greatly with the New England Colony, the Middle Colony was greatly social and religiously diverse. Founder of Pennsylvania, William Penn, a quaker, promoted religious tolerance, a key factor to the social development of this region, seeing that it was so tolerant the middle colony invited a large group of people and developing a social class were merchants are upper class, craftsmen as middle class, and sailors or unskilled workers as lower class. Social development in the southern colonies also differed greatly from the other colonial regions, Because of the inhabitants of this colonial region, the social order was very rigid where plantation owners are upper class, farmers as the middle class, and then Slaves at the very bottom. One similarity the British colonies all had was, the colonist all viewed themselves part of the English
There are many reasons why England’s colonies were found but I believe the colonies were founded because of different religious beliefs, lack of resources, and just expanding rule not only in England but in another territory. The first settlers from England left their homeland because of their different views on religion, so rather than being tried for different crimes in England they came to North America. America was also full of resources that England didn’t have due to the climate. These resources made thee English government to expand the country’s rule in other territories, so the country’s journeyman settled in different colonies along the eastern seaboard. The colonies had trouble growing crops at first, but they eventually got the
The settling of the Northern Colonies began with the arrival of the Pilgrims, or Puritan separatists, to Plymouth. The Massachusetts Bay Colony, led by John Winthrop, was formed shortly after and became known as the "Bible Commonwealth" for its large religious influence. However, religious tensions began to arise with dissidents like Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams. The Rhode Island Colony was formed as a haven for these dissenters and exiles, and it became known as being strongly liberal and individualistic. The third New England colony, Connecticut, was led by Thomas Hooker and was the first to establish a "modern constitution" through the Fundamental Orders. The last northern colony, New Hampshire was created in 1679. Conflicts with the
The Salem Witch Trials, by Laura Marvel covers the tragedy from the era of witchcraft.. To give a brief overview of the historical event would be tough. Although it was a huge event that happened, most have heard false accusations that did not actually happen. Taking place in Salem Massachusetts, over 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft, also known as the Devil’s Magic! A total of 20 were actually executed, some hung, some burned, and some drowned. It was a matter of whether the judges and court liked you or not, or if you were wealthy. They very much envied people with money or large plots of land. Such a tragic event shaped the society we live in today. The trials impacted the society in many ways, this essay
Children growing up in Puritan New England were raised with different expectations and values compared to children in today’s society. We often consider Puritan practices as cruel, but such practices were not uncommon and were viewed differently in the seventeenth century. Children were raised with the Puritan belief of simplicity, taught to respect and obey their parents without question, and were given an education to allow them to prosper in later years as well as strengthen their religion.
After England colonized the land known as New England today, the land was able to become prosperous through the middle 1600s. This was due to the Puritans, a religious group of people who came to New England after feeling threatened by other religious groups back in their homeland of Britain. They emigrated to New England and was able to develop society into a very religious intolerant society. Since there was a lack of societal conflict, the economy was able to prosper. The society in the New England colonies show were largely influenced by Puritan beliefs in education and religion. The government that was formed was hugely influenced by Puritan beliefs and was hugely dominated by Puritans. There may have been some problems
Throughout history, religion has played an important role in the lives of the English settlers; many people believed in different religions, and this has caused problems within the New World colonies. Religion was strictly enforced, and punished according to your beliefs.
It was the cornerstone of most schools in the early colonial period. The Church of England was prominent in the South, while the Middle colonies had an array of denominations, and the Northern colonies were dominated by Puritans.
One author stated that “community members took it upon themselves to enforce laws” (Kercsmar 2015). They wanted to purify the church. These Puritan communities were very concerned about keeping the family’s reputation free from any type of blemish. They believed strongly that they should have a city that encouraged hard work and strong morals. This made its way into the social structures and the government set up of the time. A godly community was something to strive for and it was important to show that even though human beings were sinful, they could grow in grace through faith in God (Friedman 2001). Not only was this important in government and social structure but also in the educational system. The Puritans placed a high priority on education. In fact, the first American college, Harvard, was founded in 1636 here and was mainly begun to train future ministers (Friedman