‘Your country is up to her neck in a fight, And she’s looking and calling for you.’ This quote is from Jessie Pope’s pro-war poem, ‘Who’s for the game’. Poems like this and other propaganda at the time of World War 1 had built a facade that glorified war and overlooked the casualties caused by it. The poem ‘Dulce Et Decorum Est’ (written by Wilfred Owen), however, contested these views, uncovering these lies and revealing the true horrors of war to the public. In a direct response to Jessie Pope, coming from his own personal experiences, Owen conveys the message: war is not an exciting adventure but an extremely horrific and painful experience, with the use of several language techniques implemented throughout the poem, such as metaphor, personification …show more content…
The quote ‘drunk with fatigue’ does a great job of expressing this. This is a metaphor, as we’re comparing the mental state of the soldiers to that of being drunk. Moreover, saying they’re drunk with ‘fatigue’ is a hyperbole, exaggerating the effect of their fatigue. This is a clever use of language techniques and is highly effective. It suggests the soldiers are so tired, it’s like they’re drunk. When you’re drunk you’re unaware, disoriented and sluggish. This reveals the magnitude of their fatigue; it has caused the soldiers to be unaware, disoriented, and sluggish. The metaphor ‘men marched asleep’ adds to this effect. Marching is usually an organised activity, in which people are attentive. Suggesting they’re marching asleep suggests they need to push really hard just to perform everyday tasks, let alone fighting. It also shows how they’re almost forced to do this; this is not what they signed up for. This can be linked to the propaganda, which advertised the war as a great adventure; a fun experience in which you can hang out with friends whilst becoming ‘heroes’, however the true reality is far from that, and the soldiers are now regretting their choices. The mood is not energetic and patriotic as advertised, but grieving, desperate and suffering. The metaphors and hyperbole used here create this effect, uncovering the true mood in the …show more content…
Owen witnessed the death of a soldier who did not manage to fit his “clumsy helmet” during a sudden gas attack on their way back to their rest. In a first person narration, Owen uses a metaphor “As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.” to describe this horrendous event - the “green sea” is the poisonous, green chlorine gas. It suffocates you by filling your lungs up with fluid. Using this simile, comparing his state to ‘drowning’ suggests he can’t breathe and shows how the gas is fast spreading and filling the trenches. This is just one example of the painful and horrific deaths soldiers experience but also witness - which is the cause of the PTSD soldiers have. It is such an awful sight, it scars you emotionally. Another language feature that supports this is the descriptive language “If in some smothering dreams, you too could pace” and “In all my dreams before my helpless sight”. These two lines are crucial in creating this effect, as they directly address the PTSD they experience. Owen refers to his personal experiences, informing us of the ‘smothering dreams’ he had. Smothering means to suffocate and is overwhelming. This suggests the dreams were very intense and overwhelming. This highlights the severity of the PTSD they experience. In the second line, saying ‘before my helpless sight’ shows how Owen couldn’t do anything to help his friends, and also addresses the guilt many
The way a person reacts to situations after being in a dangerous environment is slightly different from a person with a regular life and events. People within the war are affected greatly by how to react to certain situations. These men have a different mindset than most because their
This passage shows how the soldiers are emotionally and mentally drained by the horrors of war, and how they feel disconnected from the world they once knew. The
While the soldiers were in basic training the majority of the soldiers went through a process called “emotional numbing” which helped the men learn to suppress the feelings they generate. The men lived in fear, which is the most common emotion associated with war. While the soldiers were fighting they were surrounded by death and fear because leaves knowing that they could die or their friends could die at any second really took a toll on them. War just didn’t end when they physically left, war never the mind of the men. When the soldiers returned home many suffered from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
These men have to watch their fellow soldiers die in front of them and carry away their bodies and then overcome sadness as a feeling in order to move forward. War can be mentally draining and it changes a person who has witnessed it and in the face of a battle that have to overcome these mental challenges to complete the order at
The word “drowning” has connotation of death as it implies that Owen was “helpless” when he “saw” his friend ‘drowning’ in the “green sea”. Perhaps, it suggests that how dangerous and deadly the “green sea” could cause and the horrific nature of war. The word “sea” has connotation of vast as it states the range of the gas attack is broad. Also, it might suggest that the gas attack is perilous and unpredictable. Owen uses this gruesome and grisly image to emphasize it is not sweet and honorable to die for one’s country.
“I felt something shift inside me. It was anger, partly, but it was also a sense of pure and total loss: I didn't fit anymore.” Imagine being at someone’s side for the better part of a few years just to be cut away from that person, losing all companionship, the mutual respect and promise of protection has dissipated and what remains is bitter alienation. It will cause the toughest soul to desire the camaraderie he once had. In essence, soldiers are thrown into situations where their lives depend on other people.
Soldiers, while in combat, have difficult thoughts going through their heads. “No, I can’t kill these people, it’s unethical. This is for my country, I have to do what it takes to protect my home.” Soldier are disillusion when going to war. They expect glory and honor, but in actuality, they will do the unspeakable and will not expect an impact on their life.
This is showing how the war affects soldiers and how they is these circumstances are put into deadly positions that often lead to them having to experience such devastating occurrences. People lose their innocence in war and they lose their
Owen describes how the soldiers drowned in the gas, in a stanza of the poem that describes how the soldiers reacted to gas, and says, “As under a green sea, I saw him drowning” (Owen, line 14). Owen also describes the soldiers as “Bent double, like old beggars under sacks” (Owen, line 1), showing the horrors the soldiers were exposed to. World War I was nothing short of a gruesome war, as represented in Owen’s poem, and the war was also a result of the failure of communication. Had the two sides been able to come to a compromise, the gruesome conflict described in Owen’s poem could have possibly been
The poem uses vivid and graphic imagery to depict the gruesome conditions that soldiers face on the battlefield. The first stanza describes soldiers returning to their trenches after being on
When at war, there are some disturbing scenes that these soldiers must habituate to such as hazardous trenches, fields covered by deceased troop members, and witnessing shootings and explosions on the regular. In “Dulce et Decorum Est” written by Wilfred Owen, he creates an atmosphere in the readers’ mind representing the war grounds with the effective use of imagery. The text enables the readers to understand the severity of other troop members’ slow and painful deaths but sharing that “you could hear at every jolt, the blood come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs” (Owen, 1920). This saying illustrates the disturbing scenery these men must witness as one of their team members is suffering and are incapable helping him. There is nothing worse
The soldier himself is frightened on why he could not save him which haunts him in his dreams as he says “In all my dreams/ before my helpless sight” is how every time he dreams he sees the soldier and he cannot control it causing him to think of it every night frightening him everyday. Soon he will feel that the dead person wants revenge for his death as the soldier states “he plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning”, The dead soldier always comes into the narrator's dream wanting revenge as he chokes him as how he was being choked by the gas clouds and then drowning as how the dead soldier drowned in the green sea of chlorine gas. The horrors of war is what scares the soldier even after the war. At first soldiers imagine themselves as heroes creating them eager and excited they are until they finally get to the front and see no man's land. No man's land is usually bumpy with shell holes and dead trees that are either broken or burnt.
Soldiers are not just men who die fighting, they are men who die fighting for freedom of many and one another. “They also carried their reputations they carried the soldier’s greatest fear, which was the fear of blushing men killed, and died because they were embarrassed not to” (“The Things They Carried”). The bond that soldiers have created lasted through their entire life. This life bond exist due to the fact that other warriors are the only ones that can understand what has occurred mentally, physically, and socially during times of
The ‘pale rags of mist’ that hung describe the misty/foggy morning weather. The mud and leaves on the ground smelt ‘sweet like blood’. The ground in which the soldiers walked on was mauled’ due to the lack of precision and accuracy of the bombs and shots being fired. During the war, not only where people being forced out of their
Due to the soldiers being forced to fight against their own will, they felt tired and like they were slowly dying. Dehumanization is delivered through symbolism of dying