Introduction: Art movements are styles or tendencies that relate to a specific philosophy followed by a group of people during a restricted period of time. Art movements evolved over centuries from the beginning of time, which was important for the current modern art era. Each progressive art movement was the avant-garde where individual innovated & experimented with the new. The progression & change meant pushing boundaries of what was accepted. Art movements were not restricted to mainstream art.
In this essay I will be discussing about the art works of Donatello’s David (1437) and Michelangelo’s David (1504) as how they have contributed to the advancement of Western Art in history. I will be explaining my content by laying emphasis on the style of art, innovation, its importance and particular differences between the both art works. Starting with the style of art of both the art works, Donatello’s David art work of early Renaissance period was under the category of classical style of ancient Rome and Greece art work. Classical style of ancient Rome and Greece art depicts the society that creates them and lays emphasis on the accomplishments of human beings. Donatello featured a young male nude with the slight bent towards hip which gives a real stance to the art in his bronze sculpture thus reintroducing several classical compositions.
Not long after, Renaissance art emerged as a period of transition from medieval to modern times, which spread throughout Europe. (Renaissance art, n.d.) Renaissance artworks, with the development of linear perspective, could show a more realistic image in which could give a better interpretation of spatial relationships in the paintings. Besides, different shades colours were used to paint the same object to make the painting more three-dimensional. Not only is there a change in technique, but the focus of the painting is also altered. The main focus of Renaissance art is about the actual world and also philosophical ideas that dominated the society at that time.
However, Symons’s article on Decadence is not to be entirely disregarded in favour of his book on Symbolism: in his article, he does mention that Decadence is made of two art movements, which are Symbolism and Impressionism. He acknowledges the variety of the artistic works of the last decades of the nineteenth century, but does not go further in his analysis. Symons still pushes his agenda on Decadence by writing that “both
One thing that is certain is Postmodernism is a flexible term that can cover a wide range of art forms. Critical theorists use Postmodernism to refer to a point of deviation for works of literature, drama, architecture, cinema and design. Originally, Postmodernism was a reaction to modernism. Malcolm Barnard explains “where modernity conceived of the object in terms of production, Post modernity conceives of it in terms of consumption”. This means that all forms of art are made with the sole purpose of being ‘consumed’ and with a main target of postmodernism being to appeal to a wider audience the two go hand in hand.
Professor Abrams in his book illustrates the transition of the perspective of the theorists on the artist from one to the other and the ramifications of the latter in aesthetics, poetics and practical criticism. The essay “Orientation of critical theories” is the first chapter of this book. It provides a condensed history of the evolution of critical theories and discriminates between them with the aid of a simple diagram. The essay begins with the definition of modern criticism which is to exhibit “the relation of art to the artist, rather than to external nature, or to the audience, or to the internal requirements of the work itself”. This one and a half century old theory of art competed against innumerable theories such as the mimetic theory, the pragmatic theory, etc., all of which have been thoroughly discussed in the essay.
The urge to acquire and own art is a time-honoured one. From the grand patronage of Renaissance popes and princes (not to mention de Medici), to eighteenth-century British aristocrats, or the bulk buying of Europe’s cultural heritage by America’s J. Paul Getty, over the centuries art has been amassed for purposes of propaganda, prestige, intellectual enlightenment and sheer pleasure. Few activities run the gamut of human impulses more comprehensively than the acquisition of art. Yet, however lofty or ignoble the underlying motivation, the cultural significance of art collecting has always extended beyond individual desire. The choices made by the collector affect not only the monetary value of art, but also its cultural status.
The worldwide movement of modernism, based on rejection of past ideas while placing an emphasis on forms of art with a sense of innovation, took place during the twentieth century. This movement included all types of art including literature, music, and all artistic styles. These artists, writers, and composers experimented with multiple techniques and ideas in order for their work to contribute to the modernist era. These artists intended to reflect modern society in their work. According to Ben Nicholson, modernism’s radical shift in eras came about because young people hoped to modernize all forms of art within the society which helped to bring about many modernist artists including James Joyce, Henri Matisse, and Igor Stravinsky(“Modernism”
In the present time, we think that any piece of art is brought into life by the artist who brings his creation in being by using his imaginative powers. However, this present mindset about an artist-oriented analysis of the text is comparatively more recent. M. H. Abrams’ claims in this essay “Orientation of Critical Theories” that the dominant ways of interpreting art have been different throughout the centuries. Since the time of Plato to the late 18th century, the role of the artist was considered to be secondary in the process of the creation of art. The artist was merely compared to a “mirror” who presented a reflection of nature in the way it is or in a more beautified and enhanced way.
In this essay i will be defining the art historical perspectives of the methods formalism, iconography and social history of art and their aims. I will be discussing if art can just be aesthetically pleasing or must there always be a political and social meaning/inspiration behind it. I will be doing a detailed analysis of The Large Blue Horse(1911) by Franz Marc using the method formalism to show that not all artwork needs to be observed using various methods since not all art works have social/political meaning/inspiration. I will be detailing how The Large Blue Horses(1911) is just aesthetically pleasing and only needs the method formalism to understand it. I selected The Large Blue Horses(1911) by Franz Marc because the the way he used bright colours, curved line and his subject matter is horses not humans, it has no reference to world war 1 which was a few years away from when he finished his painting and tension was already being felt and other artists were reacting to it through their art.
POST MODERN POLITICS INTRODUCTION What is post modernism? The simple answer is, “question everything modern”. Postmodernism is a broad term used to describe movements in a wide range of disciplines, including art, politics, critical theories, and music. Many view it as a response to the preceding modernist movement, but where modernism simply reacts against classical concepts, particularly in the arts and literature, things that are postmodern take this reaction to its extreme conclusion. Indeed, some see it not as a separate movement, but simply as a continuation of the modernist struggle.
1500 to the latter half of the eighteenth century, and, as an encompassing factor of a time of great change that is still being studied, admitting limitations could yield productive inquiry into how best to modify intentionality as it is used in analysation of works of art throughout history, particularly focusing on Early Modern art and artists. As artists developed a sense of identity as not mere craftsmen, but autonomous creators with a new initiative of purposeful individuality. This sense of identity plays a special role in the case of intentionality. Artists could place what they believed to be of interest or importance into their art with greater creative freedom. Instead of each detail being dictated by patrons and artistic tradition, slowly, the creative process became more open to individual artist’s preferences and styles.
Postmodernism has been widely used over the past two decades but trying to pinpoint one definitive meaning for the term is very difficult indeed. Taken literally, postmodernism means “after the modernist movement” yet there is something else entirely to postmodernism than that. One thing that is sure is Postmodernism is an adaptable term that can cover an extensive variety of works of art. Basic scholars use postmodernism as state of deviation for works of writing, shows, engineering, film and plan. Postmodernism was basically a response to Modernism.
Throughout history, mankind has been inclined towards expression through many artistic media. Early art mainly focused on expressing the form of humanity, rather than the emotions and thought that make us human beings. When art, specifically sculpture, shifted towards what we know as the modern movement, it was somewhat shunned, or touted as being inferior to traditionalist styles. My research paper will focus specifically on the difference between modern and traditional styles of art, the dynamic between them, and how both styles contributed to how we view art today, as well as the vilification of modern art in the eyes of the art world. My interest in this topic mainly stems from my own personal interest in art, because it’s what i want to
the term is usually correlated with art in which the heritage of the past have been launched aside in the will of experimentation. modern artist analysed different ways of seeing and with fresh concept about the quality of materials and objective of art. Modern art includes various painters without whom development of modern art was incomplete e.g. vincent van gogh, paul gauguin ect. modern art included muti-colored , artistic, landscapes and figure paintings .
Robust knowledge, in the disciplines of history and art, requires both consensus and disagreement. What is robust knowledge? Robust knowledge will be defined as knowledge beyond any superficial means. Consensus and disagreement, act as the basis of knowledge for history and art. I will use personal examples of debate in history from my experience with textbooks from different cultures, and how they all have bias and different interpretations of history.
In Western society, the postcolonial world is often viewed through a very specific lens that, throughout history, has changed and evolved over time. These changes occur due to many different reasons, including additions to the collective knowledge that is colonial discourse and the way in which Western power over post-colonial countries has shifted and evolved throughout history. However, no matter how much it has changed, colonial discourse has always affected, and continues to affect, how Westerners have come to understand and view postcolonial cultures. Colonial discourse and orientalist knowledge was originally gathered by those who viewed post-colonial nations from the outside looking in with a superior and dominating mentality. This had
We can see a gradual development of artistic understanding and standpoints in the west. We see a variety of viewpoints contending for place in the world of art theory. We see individualism and uniqueness contend with orthodoxy and social norms and rules of art. The growth of sciece had it’s own effect on art with cubism drawing from geometrics ideas. Essentialism and functionalism can also be seen to be related to the modern scientific ethos.
Art Art, as confusing and complicated as it may seem, has a hidden meaning that is different for every individual based on the objects or expressions in the canvas. Art can be separated into four parts: painting, music, dance, and literature, but painting and music are the primary forms that are shown in society.Art has changed over time, and every time it changes, beneficial things happen to us. This development not only certain nations but the entire world. Art can be perceived in various ways. Not everyone understands how art functions, know what it is for, and why some people like it so much.
An ongoing research process is an important component within my practice, there are many factors that inform, influence and shape my art making process. Starting with a simple idea – the exploration of the human eye, the first line of inquiry is factual and scientific, as I begin to make works and write out ideas there is a simultaneous exploration in to art theory, looking at art movements and specific artists that relate to and influence my practice. Another factor that directly contributes to the outcomes and process of research for my practice is the institution of Massey University and the ways my peers and tutors influence my work as well as the perceptions around art today. This ongoing exploration contributes to and inspires a wider body of work and ultimately affects the overall art making process. Scientific knowledge is a vital part of a research based project, it allows for a more grounded fact based practice from which more abstract ideas can emerge.