Congo Free State Essays

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    1. Author's Background and Purpose A. The author wrote this particular story to share and describe his experiences that happened in in Belgium's "Congo Free State" in 1890. Joseph Conrad was born in Ukraine in 1857. His parents were of the Polish noble class. After his parents died he moved to Poland to live with his uncle. From there he moved to Marseilles, France to start a career as a mariner. Conrad slowly built himself up and soon became a British citizen. He traveled all around the world for

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    Leopold II, Congo Free State 1885-1908. Was the second King of the Belgians, remembered for the founding and exploration of the Congo Free State as a private venture. The Scramble for Africa, was the invasion, occupation, colonization and annexation of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism. Which Belgian also took place when they weren’t a country. What makes up a historical hero their actions are selfless, they care for the safe of others and put their needs above

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    Republic of the Congo, formerly known as the Congo Free State while under King Leopold II’s rule. In short, this proverb describes the king of Belgium’s rule of the Congos in Africa; he wanted more control despite already ruling his own country. King Leopold II colonized the Congo by claiming it as his own property in hopes of gaining power, gaining more land mass, and obtaining natural resources for his own use and profit. The Congo was eventually annexed to Belgium. Given the size of the Congo, and the

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    February 5, 1885, The Congo Free State was established. This was a state 76x larger than Belgium, also ruled by Leopold II. In the Congo Free State, 10 million Africans died from war, starvation, birth reduction, and diseases, and there was a great loss of land. King Leopold was fully responsible for all of the effects of the Congo Free State on its people and the region. In 1885, right after the Berlin Conference, King Leopold II became the sole owner of the Congo Free State, a state at which had an estimated

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    King Leopold Imperialism

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    Europeans used the influence of Imperialism in the Congo during King Leopold’s reign to try to discover raw materials and enhance economic trade in his colonial empire. Since Africa during this time period was unexplored, Europeans thought there had to be resources just waiting to be found. This would have expanded profits by an enormous amount because resources such as rubber and jewels were in great demand. Unfortunately, King Leopold went to drastic measures to fulfill his purpose in central Africa

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    the taking. The last unconquered piece of land was up for grabs which evoked top nations into sending explorers to claim the land for them. Africa during the rule of King Leopold II had many unexplored areas included his newly acquired land the Congo. The King’s charm, altered treaties, and a money hungry drive have all lead to the underlying problem of exploitation of the natives. In Hochschild’s novel King Leopold’s Ghost he details to readers that Leopold II was a man who managed to achieve

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    During the second half of the 19th century, Leopold II, King of Belgium, claimed the Congo Basin during the scramble for Africa and attempted to maintain the area for his own profit, resulting in the annihilation of over half of the basin’s population through unspeakable violence and brutality. While the imperialism of the Congo may have been beneficial to Leopold II and Belgium, the impact on the Congo itself was much, much more serious and detrimental, and nothing that either side may have gained

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    King Leopold 2 Summary

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    infestation of European disease, exponentially decreased the Congo Free State’s population by millions. While these horrific events ensued in King Leopold II’s private colony, he aggregated a substantial amount of profit. With his expansive earnings, King Leopold II did not contribute a dime toward the natives that performed the grueling work; rather, he built extravagant buildings in Belgium for his own personal luxury. Author David Kenneth (n.d.) states that, “Leopold enacted laws preventing European traders

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    In the Belgian Congo, King Leopold II practiced the most brutal style of direct rule. Almost 10 million Congolese were killed when King Leopold II was in power. When King Leopold II was in power he used cutting off of hands as a punishment to the Congolese. We still see hands as a symbol in the Congo today. King Leopold II strictly used the Congo for slaves and resources. He used direct rule to enhance his greed, carelessness, and brutality towards the Congo. With an estimated loss of about 10 million

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    claimed him” which was not only his greed and thirst for power but also the darkness within humanity. Kurtz originally traveled to the Congo in hopes to enlighten and humanize the native African. However, once he was able to relish the power that belonged to him in the jungle, Kurtz could not resist the call of his own primitive greed. Within the jungles of the Congo, Kurtz experienced a power over the African men that he cannot receive in the civilized nature of Europe. The native offered “unspeakable

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    because of what the officers did to them. There was never enough ivory, never enough rubber to please his highness. So people were exploited till death, in the purpose of acquiring valuable and luxurious goods for the Belgian Kingdom. Leopold II wanted Congo to be a lucrative country. He directed all the Congolese action through officers. Everything he wanted was fulfilled. Despite the hard work and people exploited till death, the lands did not give enough wealth. Month after month, the King wanted more

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    inspired by Conrad’s journey to the Congo in 1890. • There are two narrators: an anonymous passenger on a pleasure ship, who listens to Marlow’s story. • The first narrator speaks in the first-person plural, on behalf of four other passengers who listen to Marlow’s tale, and Marlow is a first person narrator. • Opens on the Thames River outside London, where Marlow is telling the story, events of the story take place in Brussels, at the Company’s offices, and in the Congo, then a Belgian territory. • The

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    During King Leopold II’s life, spanning from 1835-1909, his greatest financial achievement was that of the Congo Free State and it’s rubber. This time period arrived directly following the Industrial Revolution, so many people were still looking for resources. The people of Europe also didn’t give much credit to African people and believed they were not very civilized. To do so well Leopold took major advantage of the Congo’s people's fears. The Book King Leopold’s Ghost written by Adam Hochschild

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    As Marlow is meeting with other explores in the Thames River, Marlow begins to tell his story about the horrors that he encounters while in the peak of the ivory trade in the Congo. Marlow made his way down to the Congo because he was contracted by The Company by the booming business of Ivory down in the African Congo. The company was a group of men who would patiently wait for something to happen. Marlow gets the word about a guy named Kurtz who is living in the inner station and decides to meet

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    Heart of Darkness follows the journey up the Congo River of Marlow, a steamboat captain. Marlow comes to Africa to escape the strict confines of European society. Marlow is very idealistic, and during his travels up the Congo, he is eager to prove that there is some good to the European presence in Africa. Although Marlow looks for signs of the good of imperialism, he finds none. Because of this, Marlow is eager to meet with Kurtz, another trader in the Congo. Marlow is so eager to meet with Kurtz because

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    representative of the time that it was written. In another important essay response to Heart of Darkness Edward Said not only discusses the novella but responds to Achebe’s essay challenging whether or not Conrad’s words represent overt racism as Achebe states. Said claims that when writing about the natives and their incapability of independence is due to Conrad’s lack of view of the alternatives to imperialism; Conrad did not live to see what happens when imperialism came to an end (essay guy). Conrad

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    No Ten Commandments from the novel King Leopold’s Ghost, written by Adam Hochschild’s was an interesting journey. Adam discussed the terrible and unmoral conditions of the Congo state from the 1800s through the 1900s. Throughout the text, the writer told the history of King Leopold II of Belgium who conquered the port of Congo which was multiple times larger than Belgium itself. There, he was the sole ruler unlike his “limited power at home”. It included tales of European males fleeing their home

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    and conquest are reflected due to his insignificant size of his homeland. The action’s he is willing to take show that he will stop at nothing until his dreams are met. Not only does Hochschild, give several facts about the brutality shown in the Congo. He also gives background information stating Leopold’s profound love for Geography, as well as England’s empire. Hochschild makes it clear that his argument is valid, when Leopold rose to the throne and only was ambitious about ruling and owning his

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    their germs and guns to the Congo. The deaths from the influx of sickness cannot be accurately counted, as there are no reliable records from this time due to the lack of knowledge about diseases and the Belgians did not care about how many people they slaughtered. The Belgians saw that the natives were falling victim to these common diseases and believed the natives inferior to their European breeding. Unfortunately, sleeping sickness and malaria ran rampant in the Congo due to colonization and relocation

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    The Poisonwood Bible and Heart of Darkness are set in the Congo where each plot has a similar structure; white characters from a highly civilized and industrial Western country venture into the heart of darkness and become significantly changed by their environment and experiences. Heart of Darkness, by Joseph Conrad, follows the story of Marlow, an English sailor who is sent by the Belgian Company into the Congo in order to find and retrieve Kurtz, a man who has deteriorated into savagery. Barbara

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