Glucose Essays

  • Glucose Lab Report

    2153 Words  | 9 Pages

    STRUCTURE OF GLUCOSE Introduction to glucose:  There are many types of carbohydrates but the most important one carbohydrate in human body is glucose (C6H12O6). Glucose is also termed as monosaccharide due to the fact that it forms one simple building block of more complicated carbohydrates like starch, glycogen, maltose, sucrose, lactose etc. It is also known as dextrose due to its occurrence in optically active dextro-rotatory isomers [1]. The name "glucose" derived from the Greek word which means

  • Glucose Homeostasis Case Study

    3602 Words  | 15 Pages

    TYPE 2 D.M Normal Glucose Homeostasis Normal Glucose Homeostasis reflects a Balance of glucose Production, absorption, and Excretion • A delicate balance between several regulatory processes maintains glucose within a narrow range of ~80-120 mg/d L throughout the day • Hormonal regulation – Insulin: glucose utilization and production – Glucagon: hepatic glucose production (together with insulin) • Organs – Liver: glucose production (via glucose formation and formation of glucose from glycogen)

  • Blood Glucose Lab Report

    1297 Words  | 6 Pages

    Blood glucose test or monitoring is a quantitative test. This test used to measure the amount of sugar in the blood. This test is usually done by an individual who suffers from diabetes to determine and monitor their daily blood glucose level. This test is a good way in order to determine the patient’s type of treatment and also determine the level of blood glucose either too high or low. A research done by the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial done in 1993 showed that blood glucose monitoring

  • Glycogenesis Synthesis

    830 Words  | 4 Pages

    transform the Glucose -6P to Glucose -1P. The enzymes responsible from this reaction is the Phosphoglucomutase. Glucose -6P Glucose -1P The phosphoglucomutase catalyze the reaction by moving a functional group, here it’s a phosphate group. 3rd step: The third step consist to transform the Glucose -1P to UDP-Glucose. The enzyme responsible is UDP-Glucose pyrophosphorylase and this reaction consumes UTP. Glucose-1P UDP-Glucose The UDP-Glucose pyrophosphorylase add a UTP to a Glucose -1P to produces

  • Intolerance In Milk

    805 Words  | 4 Pages

    The glucose concentration in the regular milk sample is measured by using the test strip. The directions that came with the glucose test strips are followed; a glucose test strip is dipped into the milk sample. The time is counted down for 30 seconds in terms of the strip directions. The color of the strip is compared after dipping it in the milk with the color-coded key on the side of the bottle to determine the concentration of glucose in the milk. The glucose concentration in the

  • Monosaccharides Research Paper

    857 Words  | 4 Pages

    Disaccharides There are three dietary monosaccharides called glucose, fructose, and galactose. Monosaccharides are single-ring structures, and they form the basic building blocks for more complex sugars, such as disaccharides. Disaccharides are referred to as double sugars because they are made from a combination of two monosaccharides. In dehydration synthesis, water is removed and two monosaccharides become a disaccharide. Dehydration Synthesis, or condensation reaction, is when we can take these

  • Potato Cube Experiment

    1406 Words  | 6 Pages

    potato cube and the concentration of glucose in 500 ml aqueous solution. The greater the concentration of glucose in the solution, the greater the mass loss; for example the average mass difference of the potato cube at 15% glucose concentration was 0.080 g, while the average mass loss at a glucose concentration of 20% was 0.104 g. Very low concentrations of glucose, like during the experimental runs at 0% glucose concentration (or distilled water) and 1% glucose concentration, caused the potato cube

  • Glycolysis Lab Report

    1084 Words  | 5 Pages

    Glycolysis Introduction • Definition : The process in which two molecules of pyruvate are formed by the metabolism of glucose through series of enzymatic reaction. • Purpose : Glycolysis is involved in the production of adenosine triphosphate (atp) which provide energy to the body [1]. Glycolysis is anaerobic process which is carried out in the cytosol of the cells. Its metabolic steps occur in the absence of oxygen. Because living things first appeared in the environment lacking oxygen , so it

  • The Anaerobic Fermesis: Different Types Of The Anaaerobic Respiration

    852 Words  | 4 Pages

    muscles, they make lactic acid. One type of anaerobic respiration is fermentation. Fermentation is another anaerobic way for breaking down glucose that performs through many types of cells. It is a process that allows cells to gain energy from efferent types of carbohydrates while being without oxygen to form carbon dioxide. Respiration is the process where the glucose (food) that s in the cell creaks down into smaller (simpler) substances and produces carbon dioxide and energy. The energy that is released

  • Furan Lab Report

    1083 Words  | 5 Pages

    The formation of furan in sugar-glycine models using glucose, fructose and sucrose were also investigated by using pH meter after heating them up to 45 minutes. The original pH 5 sucrose-glycine solution increases the pH value after heating to 100 ᵒC for 45 minutes, while the original pH 8 sucrose-glycine solution

  • Glycogen Lab Report

    1198 Words  | 5 Pages

    Introduction to glycogen and glucose Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi. The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body. In humans, glycogen is made and stored primarily in the cells of the liver and the muscles hydrated with three or four parts of water. Glycogen functions as the secondary long-term energy storage, with the primary energy stores being fats held in adipose tissue

  • Carbohydrates Metabolism

    1539 Words  | 7 Pages

    units are combined in one molecule. Glucose , fructose , maltose are examples among the simple sugar units , known as monosaccharides. They contain hydrogen and oxygen in the same ratio as water and typically can be broken down to release energy in the body. Carbohydrate metabolism Carbohydrate represents the different processes responsible for the breakdown and interconversion of carbohydrates in living organisms. The most important carbohydrate is glucose, a simple sugar (monosaccharide) that

  • Complex Food

    1776 Words  | 8 Pages

    Presence of glucose, proteins and fats in foods Introduction- Complex foods are eaten on a daily basis, which contain mixtures of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Glucose (also known as dextrose) is one of a group of carbohydrates known as simple sugars or monosaccharides. Glucose has a molecular formula C6H12O2. It is mainly found in fruits and honey and is the main free sugar circulating in the blood of higher animals. Glucose is the source of energy in cell function, and regulation of its metabolism

  • 1, 2-Propanediol Lab Report

    717 Words  | 3 Pages

    final major of their metabolism. MICROORGANISMS PRODUCING 1, 2-PROPANEDIOL Wide ranges of bacteria are acknowledged at present to ferment sugars for 1, 2-propanediol. The manufacture of this diol accounted in bacteria and yeast. Enebo as early as in 1954 reported Clostridium thermobutyricum to generate 1, 2-propanediol. Suzuki and onishi were the first to inform propanediol as being an entity to produce yeast. Ten years afterwards, Bacteroides ruminicola was cited as manufacturer of this diol

  • Grape Lab Report

    1049 Words  | 5 Pages

    COMPOSITION OF GRAPE Analytical studies conducted have successfully characterized the physical and chemical compositions of grape. It was reported that every single part of grape contains different composition and constituent. 1. Physical Composition The essential parts of the grape are skin, pulp and seeds. The skin is an outer layer that cover the grape. It is made up of six to ten layers of thick walled cells. The outer surface of the skin (epidermis) is covered with a wax-like coating called

  • The Importance Of Insulin

    985 Words  | 4 Pages

    synthesis (Weiland et al., 1991). Insulin also promotes uptake of glucose in muscles, liver and adipose tissue thus maintains the glucose homeostasis in vivo (Roy et al., 1998). Insulin signaling at target tissues involves several biological functions such as cellular growth and development as well as homeostasis of glucose, fat, and protein metabolism (Kahn, 1985). Insulin is also known to promote energy storage by increasing glucose and free fatty acid uptake (Wu et al., 2006) and stimulates

  • Chemical Structure Of Fuctose In Yeast

    732 Words  | 3 Pages

    Saccharomyces Cerevisiae (yeast)is a single cell eukaryotic organism that is a fungi. It digests food to obtain energy for growth and gets it mostly from sugars like sucrose, fructose and glucose and maltose. When sugar is present, yeast conducts fermentation to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide by creating a chemical energy.In yeast, high sugar concentrations and high specific growth rates trigger alcoholic fermentation, even under fully aerobic conditions. It is commonly used to leaven bread

  • Cycle Of Glycolysis

    787 Words  | 4 Pages

    by 10 different enzymes. There are two distinct phases in the process of glycolysis, the first one involves the break down of glucose 6-C into two 3-C pyruvate.While the second step consists of the complete conversion of pyruvate molecule and produces energy for the cells. The first 5 steps are known as preparatory steps, because they consume energy to break the glucose molecule and convert it to three carbon sugar phosphates[3].While the second phase is known as pay off phase it involves the gain

  • Reducing Sugar Essay

    923 Words  | 4 Pages

    energy for most organisms. The presence of reducing sugar can be detected due to its reducing properties as it contains free carbonyl group that capable to donate electron and undergoes oxidation in a reaction. Examples of reducing sugars include glucose, fructose, lactose and arabinose. In this experiment, the reducing sugar present in sample is oxidised using a solution contained Cu (II) ion which in the process is reduced to Cu(I) ions. In the second step the Cu(I) ions are then oxidised back

  • Yeast Respiration Lab Report

    780 Words  | 4 Pages

    process of cellular respiration. Cellular respiration is the process that cells use to transfer energy from the organic molecules in food to ATP (Adenosine Tri-Phosphate). Glucose, CO2, and yeast (used as a catalyst in this experiment) are a few of the many vital components that contribute to cellular respiration. Sugar/ glucose is an important carbohydrate that can be made during photosynthesis from water and carbon dioxide, using energy from sunlight. Carbon dioxide is given off as a waste product