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Canadian: Pre-1900

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Sites about Canadian: Pre-1900 literature:

Canadian Poetry and American Magazines, 1885-1905
“This influence, as Lampman makes clear in many other of his contributions to the Toronto Globe column, extended to Canadian literature, and especially to Canadian poetry, which in the last two decades of the nineteenth century was being subtly but extensively affected by its dependence on various literary forces emanating from the United States. The economic and cultural ramifications of this situation are particularly deserving of careful study in view of the fact that in the 1880’s and 90’s a new generation of poets of unprecedented literary distinction was emerging in English Canada. Lampman, Wilfred Campbell, Charles G.D. Roberts, Bliss Carman, and Duncan Campbell Scott all looked southward to the periodicals of Boston and New York for editorial and critical acceptance, and this orientation had an important influence on the kind of poetry they wrote, as well as on their conception of Canadian literature as a whole.”
Contains: Historical Context
Author: James Doyle
From: Canadian Poetry vol. 5
Canadian Post-Romanticism: The Context of Late Nineteenth-Century Canadian Poetry
“Three categories–Romantic, Victorian and Confederation–have commonly been used to suggest the context within which English-Canadian poetry of the late nineteenth century should be seen. None is satisfactory. ‘Romantic,’ because it implies the importance of nature and the individual, is the most accurate of the three terms. But it posits a beneficent, harmonious and ideal interaction between man and nature. In Canada, when a persona attempts to experience nature in this way, when, so to speak, he or she attempts the pathetic fallacy, the overture is rebuffed, and the persona becomes self-aware in nature. This powerful awareness of self in contradistinction to nature is, I contend, the quintessential experience in late nineteenth-century Canadian poetry. In psychological terms, the characteristic personae of this poetry project their inner selves onto the outer world. But the personae then become aware of their projections and aware, therefore, of their inner selves as primary reality. This poetry, then, might justly be categorized as ‘preexistentialist.’ But this would be anachronistic and misleading. I propose, instead, the term ‘Post-Romantic.'”
Contains: Historical Context
Author: Les McLeod
From: Canadian Poetry vol. 14
The Confederation Poets and American Publishers
Discusses the efforts of Canadian poets to publish collections of their works in the late 19th century.
Contains: Historical Context
Author: James Doyle
From: Canadian Poetry vol. 17
Regions and Eras in Ontario Poetry
An overview of Ontario Poetry from the 18th century to the present.
Contains: Historical Context
Author: Elizabeth Waterston
From: Canadian Poetry vol. 18
Some Notes on the Montreal Literary Scene in the Mid-1820’s
“Suddenly in April, 1824, Montreal residents found themselves with a wealth of native literary productions to read… Montreal editorialists congratulated the city’s residents on their literary production and on the promise that the colony’s intellectual life was evincing. Had an indigenous literature indeed blossomed, or were other factors at work?”
Contains: Historical Context
Author: Mary Lu MacDonald
From: Canadian Poetry vol. 5

Authors in Canadian: Pre-1900 literature:

Bliss Carman (1861 – 1929)Abram Cary (1751 – 1823)
Isabella Valancy Crawford (1850 – 1887)James De Mille (1833 – 1880)
Oliver Goldsmith (1794 – 1861)John Frederic Herbin (1860 – 1923)
Joseph Howe (1804 – 1873)Archibald Lampman (1861 – 1899)
Alexander McLachlan (1818 – 1896)Susanna Moodie (1803 – 1885)
John Richardson (1796 – 1852)

Last Updated Mar 25, 2014