Rutherford Birchard Hayes was the 19th President of the United States, serving from 1877 to 1881. He is most remembered for his role in ending Reconstruction and restoring a sense of national unity after the Civil War. His presidency was marked by significant accomplishments such as enforcing civil rights laws, protecting Native American lands, and instituting a policy of fiscal responsibility.
A native Ohioan born on October 4, 1822, he graduated from Harvard Law School before entering politics in his home state. After winning the election to Congress in 1865, he became governor four years later, at age 47. In 1880, Hayes secured the Republican presidential nomination but faced an uncertain electoral outcome when three southern states disputed their vote counts—the so-called "Compromise of 1877" settled it in favor of Hayes, who agreed to withdraw federal troops from those states, effectively ending Reconstruction efforts there.
Hayes focused on domestic issues during his single term: reducing federal deficits; improving education; promoting economic development through currency reform and high protective tariffs; advocating civil service reform including curbing patronage abuses; defending African Americans' right to vote (though some blacks were still disenfranchised); supporting women's suffrage (which did not become law until 1920); recognizing labor unions' collective bargaining power; preserving natural resources while encouraging business interests that used them responsibly; protecting Native American tribes against further encroachment into their ancestral homelands without offering citizenship or full U.S. legal protections they desired; and achieving international peace through arbitration treaties with other nations over potential disputes involving claims against each other instead of warring directly as happened too often previously between European powers, especially prior to the WWI era, which ultimately led up to the WWII events.
The last president elected under Reconstruction policies, Rutherford B. Hayes, left office having won praise for helping restore order following America's tumultuous Civil War period while initiating many reforms that remain relevant today both domestically and abroad within the context of global affairs all around the world, where U.S. influence has been felt throughout centuries since its founding back during the 1776 independence declaration. Whenever a nation starts going down a certain path, it becomes a powerful entity. We know now that Hayes is one of the strongest forces shaping the current 21st century and present-day society. The way things are today, history books will look upon him fondly. Future generations will understand the great legacy he left behind for himself, his country, and the rest of the world alike.