Harlem Renaissance is described as a movement which gained momentum in the 1920s especially after the World War I up to mid-1930s. This movement was characterised by what Richard Wormser calls “cultural, social, and artistic explosion” (Wormser, “The Harlem Renaissance 1917-1935”). Harlem during this period became a cultural center for artists, writers, poets and musicians. It can be noticed that the Harlem Renaissance was a male centric movement. Maureen Honey points out that many critics saw the women poets and authors as part of the school of “Raceless literature” (Bloom 224).
What was the Harlem Renaissance? The Harlem Renaissance was an interesting movement which started in the early twentieth century. It ended in 1935 after seventeen years. This movement focused on African American creative art contributions.
Duke Ellington was a jazz author, conductor, and entertainer amid the Harlem Renaissance. During the developmental Cotton Club years, he explored different avenues regarding and built up the style that would rapidly bring him overall achievement. Ellington would be among the first to concentrate on melodic shape and sythesis in jazz. Ellington composed more than 2000 pieces in his lifetime. The Duke Ellington Orchestra was the "house" symphony for various years at the Cotton Club.
After the end of World War I, America entered a new age of cultural and artistic growth. One area in particular, Harlem, New York, became the cornerstone of an African American movement called the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance spanned across all of the arts embracing and presenting African American culture. This movement experienced the beginnings of numerous influential African American writers and works. One of these important writers was Langston Hughes.
One only hopes to be born into an era like the 1920s. Until, the Stock Market Crash of 1929, Prohibition, and until coming into contact with the KKK. There were many exhilarating parts of the 1920s that everyone knows about, such as, the Harlem Renaissance, Women’s Rights and inventions that made everyday life so much easier. From 1920 to 1929, life was the “bees-knees”. This was a period of many new things for many people.
Years before we started our constitution with “we the people…;” years before we distinguished society to be separated into colors -- black, white or somewhere in between; years before we pledged together to be “...one nation under god, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all…,” we lived under the British rule. However, with the sacrifices of many men who made history come to life, we gained our freedom. Soon our America turned into my America -- my as in the “white” America. The cultural movement known as the Harlem Renaissance approached later on in the early twentieth century, where vibrancies of new perceptions emerged in the minds of many African Americans. However, this white America proved to be an obstacle, taking away the freedom and excitement that the African Americans felt after years of oppression.
How has the Harlem Renaissance helped shape American culture. The Harlem Renaissance has impacted the 21st century greatly. Without the Harlem Renaissance there would not have been such a drastic change in our literature and music. The Harlem Renaissance played a great role in the ending of racial discrimination later in history. The Harlem Renaissance movement ended in the late 1930's because of the Great Depression, but The Harlem Renaissance continues to be an inspiration to many.
The Harlem Renaissance was a development period that took place in Harlem, New York. The Renaissance lasted from 1910 to about the mid-1930s, this period is considered a golden age in African American culture. This Renaissance brought about masterful pieces of music, literature, art, and stage performance. The Harlem Renaissance brought about many prominent black writers such as Richard Wright. Richard Wright is a highly acclaimed writer, who stressed the importance of reading, writing, and words.
Last year when the new Luke Cage series came out on Netflix, I eagerly binge-watched the series and upon completion, I realized the love that the people had for Harlem. Unlike the rest of Manhattan, Harlem was an actual neighborhood with people that grew up with one another and had a sense of community, but most importantly, Harlem was notoriously black in a borough that was predominately white. I find it fascinating that Harlem is notoriously black because one of the greatest African-American movements happened decades ago and Harlem’s identity is still the same. It all started in the 1920’s and what started off small became a huge sensation known as the Harlem Renaissance.
In the early twentieth century, the Harlem Renaissance flourished. This movement was an African American cultural awakening, especially in the creative arts. The movement was never controlled by a specific school of thought, however, it was distinguished through discourse and laid the groundwork for later African American literature. Although much of the movement concentrated in the Harlem district of New York City it was not confined there. Many African American musicians, artists, and writers blossomed as instigators for this cultural awakening, like Zora Neale Hurston, Claude McKay, and of course Langston Hughes to name a few (Hutchinson, p.1).