Martin Luther King, Jr. addresses both the black and white communities to live in peace, by using powerful diction, he describes both sides in different ways but with one only purpose; to touch the heart of the audience and convey to them that a world where whites and blacks can live in peace is possible. Also, Luther King’s speech is full of repetitions, that allow him to reaffirm his point of view. For instance, he uses anaphora in different sentences, like “One hundred years later” or “Now is the time” to call for attention and interest of the audience, while the stanza “Let freedom ring[...]” creates a more rhythmical sound over the end of his speech. After getting the audience’s attention, Dr. King proceeded to persuade and get into the feelings of the people. That is why, Dr. King’s emotionally charged diction conveyed the entire world that racism and segregation were hurting the black society.
Ironically, not all men were “created equal in the U.S.” since those of color were still suffering from racial injustices and discrimination. This served to deliver the message of racism. He also shares personal dreams with his audience that impresses them. He dreamed that his “four little children would one day live in a nation where they would not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” With the strong implementation of anaphora, King effectively makes his audience feel empathy for those of color and fight for
King executes the use of pathos throughout his speech. Dr. King’s purpose of using pathos was to affect the audience’s emotions and work their emotions to sympathize with the African-Americans. Dr. King worked up the emotions of both black and white people that day. “And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream” (Martin Luther King I Have a Dream Speech, paragraph 16).
Presenting to the 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition, Booker T. Washington delivered his most famous speech, "The Atlanta Compromise Address". In this speech Washington shares his belief that his fellow African Americans and other former slaves should make the best of what they have and to strive to excel in the positions and jobs they already occupy rather than continually fighting for. He insists that the people of the white race also do not see what they have around them. He wants the whites and blacks in south to realize that they need each other and should act in ways to coexist. To convey his belief, Washington uses rhetorical strategies such as the following: the three rhetorical appeals, allegory, and repetition.
His “check” metaphor is an accurate representation of the false promises made to the American people. The check in his metaphor is the promise of inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness made by the Constitution. The American people turned in this “check” and had it returned marked “insufficient funds.” This represents the equality denied to black individuals by the US. This metaphor was empowered to even greater heights by Dr. King making it relatable to his audience. Dr. King understood that the best way to have his audience sympathize with his purpose was to make them relate to his argument.
In this speech he talked about how racism was affecting people’s lives in a negative way and he wanted to create a better place where everyone felt welcome and equal. (History.com Staff.) This was one of the major things Martin Luther King Jr. did to end segregation. Even though he himself was a black man, he used that as an opportunity to lead this movement and show that anyone can change something, and it does not have to matter what color you are, size, weight, religion or where you are from. Martin is not just remembered because he made a change in the lives of people in the U.S., but because he used non-violence and believed that people could be more powerful with their words than their physical actions (using guns/hurting other people).
He wanted to speak to Afican Americans to inspire them to spark a change in the nation. During one point in his speech he said, “We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now… Now is the time to lift our nation… now is the time to make justice a reality.” He gave them hope, encouraged them to act now, and showed empathy towards them by using pronouns like “we” and “our” while speaking, making his speech more personal. Even though a lot of the people listening were black Americans and supported equality and integration, there were also people on the other side of the spectrum listening who believed in segregation and white supremacy to be true. King’s words spoke to these people by describing to them how badly black people were being treated and the sacrifices they were being forced to make by saying, “The life of the Negro is still crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.” To explain further, King uses the metaphor, “America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked ‘insufficient
King spoke out his hopes and wishes for the world, hoping to change the ways of many. King helped people understand by using persuasive and inspiring words, which people eventually listened to. King brought himself and African American the right to freedom of speech. King uses logos in his text to share information to the people, about the difficulties that African Americans had to deal with. Negroes kept waiting for their rights and never received them.
Martin Luther King Junior's famous "I Have a Dream" speech brings forth a powerful message to the general public. His speeches are inspiring and command attention. Many people listen to him and use him as a source of hope to fight against racial issues. He is a symbol to African Americans as Wapshott stated, "Africans found a particularly poignant message in King’s plea for racial tolerance and his declaration that “the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.”" His speech put forth the harsh realities African Americans face and wants to fight against them. King realizes that his people are wrongly treated and that they should not be put into separate schools and bathrooms just because of the color of one's skin.
Unlike Rodriguez, Douglass would have been seen as a danger because educated slaves could bring on a revolution and would be seen as an abolitionist with crazy ideas. However, Rodriguez believed that one should immerse oneself into the American way of life which included giving up one's cultural identity for a new and better one. In contrast Frederick Douglass did not want to give up his rich cultural heritage because he understood that without it people would forget the horrors committed to them in the white man’s world. Frederick was an advocate of his heritage and taught others to read and write so he could inform them. Douglass wanted other African Americans to see the world without the fuzzy restriction of old world ideas.
Throughout King’s speech, his use of metaphor is vastly used to create a tone of necessity. King calls upon the African American with phrases like, “Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred” to emphasize the fact that he understands the suffering and doesn’t want others to be sucked in with the non supporters of the civil rights. As a matter of fact, he doesn’t want people to take short cuts out to get freedom. He wants both blacks and whites to be able to hold hands together and greet each other without “hatred” and “bitterness.”
The first reason why black americans needed Martin Luther King Jr. over Malcolm X was MLK’s view on segregation. He believed that in order to end the stigma of black americans, white men and black men must work together. “With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, or to go to jail together.” (Doc B) MLK believed that if black people and white people continued to be segregated, they would never be