People often question the meaning of life, whether it be based upon religion or if life itself contains any meaning at all. The views of the famous novelist Albert Camus contributed to the philosophy known as absurdism. Absurdism is the key component in the story, The Stranger, and is the belief that human existence is purposeless and that is evident by the way the protagonist behaves throughout the novel. A significant event from the novel would be when the magistrate in the story brings out his crucifix and revealed it to the protagonist, Meursault. The crucifix represented the afterlife, society’s acceptance of it, and the main characters search for a higher order. The representation of the crucifix is meant to disprove the notion of Absurdism, and prove that life does in fact hold …show more content…
Albert Camus’s absurd novel, The Stranger, considers human existence to have no rational meaning as the protagonist in the novel behaves cold-heartedly and detached toward the world he lives in. There are two significant themes that exist throughout the novel, passivity and religion. The theme passivity is portrayed when the main character Meursault received a telegram that his mother had passed away at her nursing home, and his thoughts when he saw this telegram were, “Maman died today. Or yesterday maybe, I don’t know” (Camus and Ward 1). Meursault’s treated his mother’s death with a casual demeanor almost seeming uninterested. Another example of the theme passivity being portrayed throughout the novel was when a lady in church was explaining to Meursault the effects of working outside. She had explained to Meursault that, “If you go slowly, you risk getting sunstroke. But if you go too fast, you work up a sweat and then catch a chill inside the church” (Camus and Ward 78).
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In The Stranger by Albert Camus, there was the theme throughout of the author’s opinion of absurdity; the ludicrousness of the universe and the meaninglessness of human life. He propagated the notion of life not having any coherent meaning and any set mandate. The term “absurdity” defines man’s attempt to put meaning to life even where none exists. Man is constantly trying to prove that life has structure and order according to Camus as he has difficulties accepting that it is otherwise. Camus taunted us with many philosophical questions, over and over we are forced to wonder “who is man?”
The heat is also very important in this novel. Both times that death was in front of Meursault, the heat was unbearable for him; his mother’s funeral and the murder of the Arab. The heat is very uncomfortable for him, because he mentions it many times. Sometimes it is so bad, he becomes dizzy and is unable to think properly. When he is in court, every time he is questioned about the murder, he alway relates back to how hot the scene was.
Absurdism is the belief in that all human beings exist in a purposeless, riotous universe. Inside The Stranger, by Albert Camus, Camus centers to a great extent around persuading his readers of the idea of absurdism. The novel is depicted in the first person of the character Meursault from the time his mom dies to his trial for killing an Arab man. These occasions portray how human life must be comprehended by tolerating the reality of death. Camus effectively persuades his readers on his thoughts of absurdism and shows how understanding/confronting death influences one's view of life.
It is in these bizarre acts that the others deem Meursault a stranger. His disregard for social constructions presents the views of the existentialist philosophy. Love is known to be deception by existential theory due to one’s desire to have someone else love him or her. Also, as mentioned before, Meursault’s conviction in God’s nonexistence makes him detached not only concerning death, but also to love, morals (Meursault also befriends his neighbor, who is also thought to be a pimp by others), and other basic human conceptions. When new friend-the pimp- asks for his help to embarrass his ex-girlfriend, Meursault again with any consideration agrees to something that would have normally been thought of as insane, and does not contemplate that there may be consequences for this agreement.
The author of The Stranger, Albert Camus, used unprecedented craft in order to develop the characters as well as the plot. In The Stranger, there were several portions of the author’s craft such as symbolism, motifs, figurative language, juxtapositions, diction and Meursault’s characterization in which developed throughout the work, more in the last passage, that contributed to the reader’s interpretation of the work. Although these explicit fragments of the author’s craft were utilized throughout the work, within the last passage, they were essentially employed for the reader to be competent to further assimilate the significance these literary devices throughout the work. Throughout the novel, The Stranger, Meursault’s characterization was developed through the appliance of motifs and figurative language.
According to Jane Addams “The essence of immorality is the tendency to make an exception of myself”. In The Stranger by Albert Camus, he examines the immortality of man; therefore social constructs are unreliable. Social constructs are changed when Meursault does not cry at his mom’s funeral, when he shows no sign of affection when Marie asked him to marry her, and when he has no remorse for killing the Arab. Thus, Camus examines in the novel, The Stranger, what happens to society and the people within it when people do not care.
Taylor Smith Mrs. Fowler IB Language Arts 17 May, 2016 The Stranger: The Epiphany The Stranger is a novel written by Albert Camus and was published in 1942. It follows the story of Meursault, an indifferent French Algerian, and his actions leading to his eventual death. Camus, a French philosopher, author, and journalist most notably renowned for his philosophy of absurdism, distributes a recurring theme of existentialism and absurdism throughout the novel, and heavily does so in passages that serve the most significance to the story.
The Stranger by Albert Camus follows the daily life of Meursault, a French-Algerian that embodies Camus’ philosophical views of absurdum. Meursault’s life is a simple one; at first glance, he is like any other working, middle class man. However, through the first person narration, we gain insight into his unconventional thought process. He does not place value on anything, including, possessions, love and ambition. Nevertheless, he is content with his life.
The Stranger, written by Albert Camus, It follows the story of our tragic hero, Meursault, shortly after his mother dies through the events that lead to him being sentenced to death. Camus uses the motif of weather to express Meursault’s emotions. The Stranger shows how even when a person does not explicitly express emotion they are shown in some way. How emotions are expressed is a window to a person's personality. I will first discuss how Meursault appears emotionless, than how Camus uses the motif of weather to express Meursault’s emotions for him and lastly what impact this makes.
What if life contributed to no meaning and the only point which matters is the existence happening during the present? To make things worse, as humans live, they breath, but as they die a salvation is received to their soul, and their existence is over. The Stranger by Albert Camus illustrates that the human soul exists in the world physically, therefore the presence or absence does not contribute to any particular event in life. Through, this thought the novel introduces Meursault, who alienates himself from society. He lacks concern for social conventions and is deprived of the physical bounding from people around him.
However, right before this feeling of exile surrender, people of Oran were living their lives as they normally do, pretending that nothing is wrong until the death toll of the plague victims spikes sharply upward leading to the closing of the town gates and quarantined. Father Paneloux, a jesuit has given a sermon asserting that the plague is a punishment send by God because the citizens has been sinful and scorned God. Like an occupied town, the plague makes Oran a microcosm of Camus’ absurd universe, which is a philosophical view that states that the world is absurd and meaningless, there is no God or cosmic order, and that human beings are doomed to suffer and die. The section I picked to work with is interesting because as a reader it makes you think or question the meaning
Camus portrays freedom and choice in The Stranger through Meursault's many acts against the society he lives in. He chooses to be an atheist and stray away from god. The magistrate converses with Mersault, “... drawing himself up to his full height and asking me if he believed in God. I said no. He sat down indignantly.
One cannot truly be living unless they have found their purpose, and are actively embodying this purpose in their everyday decisions. Being given a body does not mean one has an identity, and both Garcin and Estelle, two doomed characters of Jean-Paul Sartre’s “No Exit,” do not understand this. Garcin and Estelle, unlike their counterpart, Inez, can only find their meaning through others. While it is a fact that these two were “alive,” their eventual placement as each others torturers in an inescapable hell is reflexive of their inability to mold a meaning for themselves.
Theatre of the absurd is one of the prominent schools of drama which flourished during the twentieth century. Absurd plays usually convey the believe that human existence is pointless and life is irrational, meaningless, and futile. Therefore, absurdist playwrights illustrate people’s correspondence to the absurdity of the world especially after the two destructive world wars. Although people struggle to give life meaning, their inability to find any led them to experience anxiety and confusion. As a result, people started to doubt religion, question the existence of God, and suffer from weak faith.
The themes of death explored using absurdism in The Stranger is shown with a general disregard for death by Meursault and the strange way he sees life based on these existentialist views. The Stranger is a perfect example of an existentialist novel that was written for that time period, as during this time around the area of France and Europe there was an existentialist movement that Albert Camus, the author, was involved in.