Africa was a giant magnificent cake. Many countries scrambled to cut into it and claim their own pieces of it as if it was theirs for the taking. The last unconquered piece of land was up for grabs which evoked top nations into sending explorers to claim the land for them. Africa during the rule of King Leopold II had many unexplored areas included his newly acquired land the Congo. The King’s charm, altered treaties, and a money hungry drive have all lead to the underlying problem of exploitation of the natives.
Western Eurocentric stereotypes erroneously portray traditional African civilization and culture as exotic, different, and primitive. For many westerners, Africa is stereotyped as a continent with tribes and villages with primitive social structures and hierarchies. African countries contain various cultures, languages, and religions. African’s experienced denial of religious and cultural identity after gaining independence from European countries because European’s imposed western ideologies upon a continent with numerous diversities.
Europeans wanted African land so much that they were willing to do anything to get the natural resources that Africa held. The Europeans went out of their way to get these resources. Africa was rich and the most needed resources at this time to update and advance new Technology and for economic purposes. Firstly, Europeans had more Technology advancements.
By the year 1885, European imperialism in Africa was in full flight. Imperialism is the belief that a person or a group of people is superior to another person or group. Europeans strongly believed they were more important than the Africans. Because of this, they took Africa for themselves. Strong driving forces during this imperialism was resources, power, and technology.
According to the overview, “between 1500 and 1800, European nations traded for slaves, gold, and ivory along the west coast of Africa, but they did not go deeply into the continent.” In 1884, fourteen countries met in Berlin to discuss the division of Africa to prevent war from breaking out.. This meeting would come to be known as the Berlin Conference led by Ottoman Bismarck. Up until 1885, they stated that if a leader wanted to control a certain part of Africa, then they must prove that they have control over that area and that was it. This was the beginning of European imperialism in Africa.
In the 1800's Europeans controlled a very small portion of Africa because of many reasons. The powerful African armies were able to keep Europeans out of Africa for over 400 years because it was almost impossible for Europeans to travel to the interior parts of Africa. Disease was spreading through Africa which slowed down European control. Rivers were another factor why Europeans didn't control much of Africa. They couldn't find their way around the African rivers because of the rapids, cataracts, and changing flows.
There are four different powers. Political, economic, military, and religious are all effective in our lives. The two forms of power that have been most effective throughout history are economic and political. These two powers are important because economic power had to do with all the trade that was doing now and political power since someone had to control the land and the people. First effective form of power is economic.
The African Kingdoms had many achievements before the Europeans arrived around 1500. The three major kingdoms were Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. These kingdoms focused mainly on trading with surrounding kingdoms, and because of this they were considered very successful. Many therefore call the consider the achievements of the African Trading Kingdoms to be a major success. Some major achievements of these kingdoms are forming a trading web, creating an advanced economical and social structure, and forming a way of communication with other groups that speak other languages.
European colonialism in Africa was a violent process of exploitation and dominance in the political, social, and cultural sphere of native society. Pop culture music and dance are dynamic social products that provide insight into the shifting sociocultural formations of a society. Through this analysis of pop culture I will discuss the classist social hierarchies established by colonialism and defined power by proximity to whiteness. I will explore native actors’ response to colonial social hierarchies in their alliances or resistance to colonialism and their influence on music and dance styles. Finally, we will evaluate ways in which music and dance are forms of resistance that challenge the status quo in colonial societies.
Document C This document represents the many discoveries and inventions that helped Europeans take over Africa. The most important invention on this document is the discovery of quinine from cinchona tree bark. This is because, as the document says, this was used as a treatment for the disease malaria, which prevented much of the population from developing this deadly disease.