In America, Martha Graham (The Queen of Modern), Rudolph von Laban ( Time Energy and Space), and Alvin Ailey (Gospel or Lyrical Spiritual dance) developed and are developing for human movement and methods of instruction that led to the development of modern and expressionist dance. The reason that modern dance is so popular is because it 's the ability to move your body in a way that is comfortable to you. Also people in that time were trying to get out of the strictness of ballet and wanted to be more free in there dancing.
The society change during the 20th century changed in the dance style.
Several changes were based on political and civil rights, even though dance was used to entertainment people. It was a way for people to express …show more content…
I believe that the dance came from the people and that it should always be delivered back to the people”. (Google.com) Alvin Ailey was born in Texas in 1931 to Alvina and Elizabeth Ailey. He was an only child, his father (a laborer) left him and his mom when Alvin was only one year old. Five years later Elizabeth and her son move too Navasota, Texas they were staying in Rogers. At this time there was a lot of segregation with the white and blacks only signs. So there was a “black” church and a “white” school at the top of the hill where him and his mother lived. Ailey once said “ Like most of my generation, I grew up feeling like an outsider, like someone who didn’t matter”. (Notable Biographies Page 1) In 1942 the two of them moved to Los Angeles, California and his mother found work in a aircraft factory. Ailey was interested in sports and athletics and he joined his high school gymnastic team and also played football. His interest for dance began with tap dance in his neighbor 's home, soon then after he was taken to a modern dance school ran by Lester Horton. Horton’s company was the first to admit dancers of all races. After Ailey graduated from high school he was considering being a teacher so he went to University of California in LA to study languages. Lester Horton offered him scholarship in 1949 and he came back but then left one year later to attend San Francisco State …show more content…
Just one year later the theater became the resident dance company at the Clark Center for the Performing Arts in New York City. Since Ailey was having problems with his weight he gave up dancing in favor of choreographing. Judith Jamison joined Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater in 1965 and quickly became an international star. Over the next 15 years, Mr. Ailey created some of his most enduring roles for her, most notably the tour-de-force solo Cry .Ms. Jamison continues to dedicate herself to asserting the prominence of the arts in our culture, and she remains committed to promoting the significance of the Ailey legacy – using dance as a medium for honoring the past, celebrating the present and fearlessly reaching into the future.
Alvin Ailey (1931-1989), American choreographer and activist became one of the leading figures in the 20th century modern dance. He began dance training at age of eleven. At this age he was learning classical, folk, social, and modern dances. He started studying extensive dance at the age of 19 with Lester Horton in 1949. He joined Lester’s dance company in 1950.
Alvin Ailey has worked on and off with broadway. In 1958 Ailey and another dancer with an interest in choreographing recruited dancers to perform several concerts at the 92nd Street Young Men's and Young Women's Hebrew Association in New York City, a place where modern dances and the works of new choreographers were
Alvin Ailey was one of the greatest choreographers of his time and his legacy still lives on through his techniques and his preeminent dance company. Despite racial issues of his time, he was able to overcome them, learn from one of the greatest modern choreographers who came before him, land a job on Broadway, and later create his own long living dances through his own dance company which began with all black dancers. His legacy lives in his ability to rise above racial issues and create a new community of African American dancers in modern dance. Born in Texas during the Great Depression, Ailey grew up in hardship while also facing racial issues in the South. Around age 11 was where Ailey’s life began to gain purpose.
The Uprising Savoy Ballroom She loved to dance but she was not old enough to get in. She did not have the money, so she had to sneak in. She’d watch people swing and enjoy the life on the dance floor from her bedroom window. She imagined moving her feet to the beat of those sweet jazz sounds and dancing with the hottest guys in town.
Soon they would move to Pasadena, California. As a child growing up with poverty Robinson and his minority friends were often times excluded from many recreational activities. As a result Robinson ended up joining a gang but was soon persuaded to leave it by one of his friends. Robinson enrolled at John Muir High School where he recognized his athletic talents.
Alvin Ailey has cleverly used the importance of movement components throughout the second scene of his solo ‘Cry’, to successfully convey the intent of the dance and establish a connection between the audience and the dancer. As explained previously, the choreographic intent of this dance piece is to shine light on the hardships and struggles dealt with by African – American black women, while also highlighting their integrity and strength. Ailey has used a variety of both abstract and literal movements to portray the emotions of pain and anger. The dance step components of this piece focus on applying emphasis to the circulatory movements, especially including all extensions and isolations to show integrity through pain. Judith Jamison writes
Alvin Ailey was a prevalent modern dance choreographer in the 20th century known for breaking down the racial barriers within dance. Born in Rodgers, Texas and growing up around the era of social rebellion and the fight for reconstruction of cultural stereotypes, Alvin Ailey’s company played an important role in the civil rights movement. Founding the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre in December 1958, Ailey brought the vision of greater racial equality and used his modern dance as a platform for both his personal and cultural expression. Through the medium of dance, Alvin Ailey emerged African American aesthetic, fostered awareness for the need of multi-racial modern dance, and pioneered dance as a political and social movement. Ailey made a point of producing the works of black choreographers and musicians, focusing his productions on black American themes.
To dance is to be knowledgeable about the stories of the ancestral heroes. Dancing, unlike painting and singing, is learnt at an early age. This allows large groups of people to demonstrate their clan rights in front of an audience. Dance is also seen as an occasion to entertain and to be entertained and through the work of dance to show their love for families and kin. It is for this reason that dance may be performed at the end of every day in some communities.
In 1971, Alvin Ailey choreographed Cry, a three part work solo dance set to gospel music that describes an emotional journey filled with struggle, hardships, defeat, survival and joy. It was intended as a birthday present to Alvin’s mother and a dedication to all black women everywhere. The first part of the dance is the struggle of trying to maintain pride irrespective of the opposition faced from outside. The second part reveals the sorrow within after the woman’s pride has been shattered into pieces and finally the third part is a spirited celebration of finding strength and joy in God. Even though cry was dedicated to only black women, i argue the notion that all women both black and white of the nineteenth century could relate
Alvin started his own dance group, The Alvin Ailey American Dance, after the closing of the Horton dance school. He was not only a dancer; he was an actor and a director. Alvin took his dance group all over the world performing in New York, Europe, and Brazil. “They were the first modern dancers to visit the former Soviet Union since the 1920s” (Alvin Ailey
III. a. Maya Angelou was an avid writer, speaker, activist and teacher. As a result of the many hardships that she suffered while growing up as a poor black woman in the south she has used her own experiences as the subject matter of her written work. In doing this she effectively shows how she was able to overcome her personal obstacles. Her autobiography “I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1970) tells the story of her life and how she overcame and moved forward triumphantly in spite of her circumstances.
America underwent constant reform between the years of 1840 to 1850. Living in a country established for less than a century, Americans witnessed great wars, new inventions, expansion, and changes within the government. Art wasn 't as prevalent then as it became later on. The pioneers of dance and historic events regarding such happened later. However, it is the history of the people that have influence upon masterpieces born in generations to come.
Choreographer Alvin Ailey expresses the story of the labored, broken, yet courageous black woman, though lengthy arm extensions and torso contractions that are combined with his signature style of ballet, modern dance, and African technique. Alvin Ailey trained dancers have a way of dancing bigger than the audience could ever imagine by embodying the real life struggles Alvin himself witnessed This type of character outpouring births a spiritual intimacy or soul connection between dancer and choreography and finally audience and dancer. A dance genius in his own right, Alvin Ailey was born on January 5, 1931 in a small town in Texas. His 17-year-old mother would soon know the struggles of being a single mother in the segregated south just months after Alvin was born.
The U.S State Department backing was backing the troupe Ailey's company was the first modern dance group to visit the former Soviet Union since the 1920s. The company was asked to return to New York after a piece performed by Judith Jamison she made it one of their best known pieces. The piece was called "Cry" this was the piece that was featured on the episode "Mammy Dearest" on the show A different Word and Kim performed it after feeling offended about the image of Mammy and black women. The piece was dedicated to all black women everywhere especially our mothers, it depicts the struggles of different generations of black American Women. It begins with the unwrapping of a long white scarf during the course of the dance the dancer becomes a queen, mother, daughter, and other things.