As industrial strength grew and technology advanced, labor in America changed. Machines replaced many of workers’ old duties and some skilled laborers who had been previously valued became easily replaced. Immigrants who were willing to work under poorer conditions flooded into the United States, big businesses grew, and political machines whose interests were not that of the people occupied the government. Laborers worked ten hour shifts, six-day workweeks, and started work as children. In The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, he describes the painful and vigorous work in the meat-packing industry, saying, “The hands of these men would be criss-crossed with cuts, until you could no longer pretend to count them...They would have no nails, they had worn them off pulling hides; their knuckles were swollen so that their fingers spread out like a fan.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the United States was booming with new industrial innovations because of new technologies, and it was becoming one of the leading economies in the world. This economic boom came to a sharp halt as events such as the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl hit, causing millions of Americans to face economic struggles. “The Strenuous Life,” a speech given by Theodore Roosevelt, displays the ideas of American work ethics that led to economic growth in the early 1900s. These ideals of work ethic not only prompted the cause of the Dust Bowl, but were continued on into the lives of the affected farmers as Americans displaced and in poverty from this event continued to participate in migrant work with awful living
According to Kitissou(2014), In 2003 the drought causing Ethiopia's starvation which increased the hunger, so the president of Malawi announced that he would help his farmers by extends them with seeds and fertilizers, but it was not enough because drought affected South Africa in economics growth very badly. Kitissou(2014) added that in 2010 an Organization arrived from Spain, Canada and the Unites States awarded South Africa for 880$million.But this money was not enough because there are more than 2 billion people suffer from hunger in the world. It is agreed that there were many efforts tried to solve the hunger problem. But these efforts did not solve this problem completely because the percent of the hunger in South Africa is not
The Gilded Age was one of the most important eras of the American country that pave the way for new social and economical changes of the country. There were many industrialist that emerged throughout this time. John D. Rockefeller was an industrialist and the founder of his own Standard Oil Company. Rockefeller used horizontal integration, which meant that he bought out all of his competition which allowed him to raise and lower his prices at any rate he desired. This caused his income to skyrocket and he made a fortune.
At the turn of the 20th century, many immigrants were moving to the United States with the hopes of living the “American Dream.” However, that glittering American lifestyle is merely a distant ideal for the immigrants living in Packingtown. Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle portrays life through the eyes of a poor workingman struggling to survive in this cruel environment, where the desire for profit among the capitalist meatpacking bosses and the criminals makes the lives of the working class a nearly unendurable struggle for survival. Throughout The Jungle, Sinclair unveils how the lower class is trapped by the very nature of capitalism. Sinclair contrasts Lithuania, where the characters were healthier and happier to where they are now, downtrodden and desperate in the slums of Chicago. The setting that Sinclair chose was vital in creating that massive uproar in society.
The difference in living standards and jobs were the main contributors to this gap, nevertheless, the industrial revolution made this gap even wider due to the urbanisation of towns and cities and unemployment. The industrial revolution brought about lower prices, which made the rich even richer while the poor remained poor due to low wages.
Upton Sinclair portrays the economic tension in the United States during the late 19th and early 20th centuries through his novel “The Jungle”. He used the story of a Lithuanian immigrant, Jurgis Rudkus, to show the harsh situation that immigrants had to face in the United States, the unsanitary and unsafe working conditions in the meatpacking plants, as well as the tension between the capitalism and socialism in the United States during the early 1900s. In the late 19th century and early 20th centuries, there were massive immigrants move into the United States, and most of them were from Europe. The protagonist, Jurgis Rudkus, like many other immigrants, have the “America Dream” which they believe America is heaven to them, where they can
Ashwin Kumar Ms. Bergith Weber AP English Language/4 March 17, 2018 Independent Reading Lodestar Title: The title of this book is The Jungle. Author: The author of this book is Upton Sinclair. Original Date of Publication: Upton Sinclair published this book originally in 1906, but numerous editions have been published even in the 21st century that censor some its graphic content and violence. The time period was the progressive era in the early twentieth century. Genre: This book is in the genre of political and historical fiction, as it portrays the horrors of the meat-packing industry with a few fictional characters.
In my opinion, his first book that left a mark on the world was Agriculture: The Worst Mistake In the History of The Human Race. After hearing the thesis of this book, I know better understand some of his reasoning in Guns, Germs, and Steel. He first claims that agriculture brought more malnutrition and disease than it brought good. While is disagree with this because of the prosperity that resulted far, later on, it is an interesting concept that you can see was brought over into Guns, Germs, and Steel. For a substantial amount of time, many historians believed that Diamond had cracked the code of civilization.
However, this became necessary in 1917, when German submarines started sinking one in four British merchant ships in order to cut off the food supply and starve the population. Food prices rose creating a wider gap between the rich and the poor. At this point, voluntary rationing was introduced, but when this proved unsuccessful, it became compulsory. The poorer population when hungry, and there were many illegal food deals and trading. The government subsidized the “ninepenny loaf of bread”, so that all families could be guaranteed