As the Age of Renaissance began to emerge, the old systems of feudalism began to weaken (Wolfe 4). Some of the beliefs behind Renaissance individuals included the notion that it was time to break free from past theories (1). This included a more secular approach to the studies of life, rather than past theologies or religious upbringings (1). One of the major reasons that led to broader interests of earthly pleasures, was due to the problems that arose within the Roman Church (1). Renaissance scholars were encouraged by the corruptions of the church to explore different avenues than previous medieval scholastics (2).
Human Experimentation The looming concern of human experimentation was enough to deter some individuals from seeking the medical care that they needed for their well-being. The thought that trusted medical professionals had the power to perform unethical experiments on them while they were in their care was enough to let them live with whatever ailment that they had. By not seeking out the care that they desperately needed in some cases only lead to further problems. Several doctors abused their patients' trust for their own curiosities.
Martin Luther Thump, Thump, Thump. These hits of a hammer on a nail would change the course of Christianity and its influence on others for the rest of time. In the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church was an influential figure which dictated daily life and spread the teachings of Jesus Christ. With the power to control how people live, the Catholic Church eventually became corrupt. The Catholic Church’s flawed ideas on how people should prove themselves worthy of God’s protection eventually led to public disapproval.
This period was responsible for the loss of authority religion had. Charles Darwin ,a naturalist, had proposed a theory that god was created equal just like everyone else and was not a seperate creature like common belief. Darwin shocked many people and challenged old beliefs that had been passed on for generations. Despite the setback in religion during this time , many priests and missionaries keep the religion alive by writing books and spreading religion(Lang Sean 301).
Though scientists developed safer methods for injection such as giving the patient’s immune suppressants before the procedure or delivering viruses to cells outside the body, gene therapy was reconsidered and believed to be inhumane to experiment on humans. Some people wondered if it was right to alter an individual’s genes with such an unpredictable outcome while others considered the fact that due to the expensive nature of a gene therapy procedure, scientists may be developing a procedure that is only available to the wealthy (NIH, 2018). Scientists, while acknowledging Jesse’s death and the large expense of a gene therapy procedure, argue that gene therapy has many benefits and could be evolved in a way to benefit all people once more is known. A large benefit that is consistently argued is if scientists could have the means to research and make gene therapy possible, the future may hold the ability to fix genetic diseases in developing embryos. If gene therapy were allowed to be practiced to success, scientists could not only identify genetic diseases in babies but now take it a step further and inject a gene to cure the child so the baby would be cured and survive (Lewis,
The pilgrims left because they wanted to start their own more pure church, me personally I 'm not religious I 'm more agnostic. I would have gone to New England not because of religious purposes, but because I would have wanted to explore the new land/world. I believe that New England would have been a better opportunity for me as an agnostic because of the simple fact that if you did not obey the law you were executed. I believe in a government and a society that is well thought of and organized is a huge part of life in the modern world so I would need that.
The Renaissance can therefore be seen a period of great change and development across Europe. The Roman Catholic Church fought to maintain its power while Europe came in to contact with other religions and Christians themselves began to question the role and dominance of the Vatican. Added to that, were discoveries in all fields including anatomy and astrology and even physical discoveries such as Columbus’s voyage to the New World. It is against this background that some of the greatest works of art were created by some great artists.
As it is advancing, the general public’s attention moves from agricultural society into more like a modern technology-based society. This progression changes the way individuals used to think and believe. As in the more established era, individuals have confidence in what they cannot see, for instance, Gods, which is the reason why Theism was so popular in the past. However, numerous scientists had come up with various hypotheses that clarify what individuals cannot explain and those speculations have also influenced many religions in negative ways, leading to certain groups of people into believing that Karma is just a superstition. Thankfully, Buddhism is a religion that does not concern deity and deals with causes and reasons, which sounds reasonable to this generation of human enough to be taken into consideration.
Many Humanists acknowledge that science can help people to deal with some of the great questions of life and overcome problems.  However, Humanists acknowledge that science can get it wrong and be harmful to society. When considering whether cloning and genetic engineering are good for humanity, many Humanists therefore believe that the pros and cons of each should be thoroughly and openly debated first. Humanists argue that the more informed we are about the issues of cloning and genetic engineering, the more able we will be to make decisions regarding them that are good for society as a whole.
Several fundamental assumptions made when researching are forever changed, following on to the secular advances made after the renaissance the publication of ‘The origin of species’ proved a vital step in finally secularizing core aspects of science and scientific research. No longer was research confined to moralistic and traditional interpretations. Due to this new found leniency and pragmatism in science, various fields of study could be further explored and new fields could be established such as evolutionary psychology. The study of human nature was greatly influenced by evolutionist thinking; an example would be aspects human sexuality such as polygamy, incest taboo, sexual selection and preference for certain traits over others. Fields such as Anthropology would have been radically different if it did not assimilate evolutionist concepts such as speciation and adaptation.
When the Scientific Revolution occurred, people began to see the world differently and they gained the knowledge that has developed into modern society. Although some claim that the government should regulate scientific advancements because there are more advantages that come from regulation, there are actually more disadvantages than benefits. Today, embryonic stem cell research is one of the results of scientific advancements.
This helped to continue the decline of the teachings and authority of the Catholic Church. The Protestant Revolution questioned authority, led to the Scientific Revolution and all the scientific discoveries would soon lead to the Enlightenment, the Age of Reason. All of these examples showed the rise and decline of the Protestant Reformation and the rise of the Scientific Revolution.
In other parts of the world like Britain, eugenics was seen to cause public fear of genetics. However, this fear was considered by scientists and ethicists to be as a result of misunderstanding or ignorance. The conservative view is that the eugenics movement of the first four decades of this century was based on misunderstandings of genetics or bad science. The implication of this view is that now we know so much more about genes, and have witnessed the terrible cost of eugenics, we would not make that mistake again.
Prior to 1550, the European continent was dominated by Catholicism and had been for centuries. However, Protestantism first introduced by Martin Luther had begun to make inroads in the Holy Roman Empire and Nordic countries. Despite the growing popularity of these new religions, the majority of monarchs saw religious diversity as a weakness. Instead, most rulers pursued Religious uniformity to ensure political stability and strength. Examples of monarchs attempting to achieve religious university abound from Charles V in the Holy Roman Empire and Spain, to Rome, and to England.
They even began to advocate for science in some cases. By the end of the century, many ministers began to doubt the divinity of Christ. Politics changed as well. They began to spread the idea that the people should be able to replace monarchs that weren’t protecting the natural rights of the people. The Enlightenment’s ideas are the foundation of the US Constitution.