ATOMIC BOMB: HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI The end of world war II brought the extensive discussion to the world. On August 6, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped by an American B29 bomber over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days later a second B-29 dropped the second atomic bomb over Nagasaki. On August 15, Japan's emperor announced Japan's unconditional surrender, which led to the end of the war. After several years, doubt about the use of these atomic bombs has appeared, and the debate about if the dropping of the atomic bomb was the right and necessary decision. The long-term effects that the bomb brought the morality behind their use, the fact that japan seemed like it would surrender anyways and the use of the bomb as justification …show more content…
Both atomic bombs killed around 200 000 people and completely destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the images of the destruction show clearly how devastating was for the people and houses ( document 8). “ how can a human being with any claim to a sense of moral responsibility deliberately let loose and instrument of destruction” (document 4), even though this decision was made by the president Truman and as he says in Harry Truman Memoirs; the scientific advisers of the committee reported, “ We can propose no technical demonstration likely to bring an end to the war: we see no acceptable alternative to direct military use”, but this brings us to the second reason: Japan was a defeated nation, Japan’s cities had been destroyed by conventional bombing, the soviet union “betrayed” them and entered the war by attacking Japan in Manchuria, and the American Navy blockaded Japan’s home island (document 7). After both atomic bombs, the emperor of Japan declared Japan’s unconditional surrender manifesting that the soviet union and the technology were something that Japan could not compete with ( document 14). Adding to these, a third reason to question America’s decision is that Document 7 says that the bomb was used to justify the money spend on
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The idea of the bomb being way too much regarding the situation was portrayed in Document 2, as it emphasized that Japan was at a disadvantage, so using the atomic bomb wasn’t important but rather harmful as it killed many without a reason. According to the document, it states, “The use of this barbaric weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a waste and did NOT assist our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender. . . .” This indicates that the bomb was useless to the war, as it didn’t contribute much to it but instead caused innocent people's deaths. Another reason why there were many against the bomb is that it was too cruel, and no matter what the action of dropping the bomb was, it broke many human rights.
Although it was inhumane and horrific, we were justified in dropping the atomic bombs because American soldiers were being tortured, American bodies were disrespected after death, and the bombs ended the war preventing more American casualties. The first reason that America was justified in dropping the atomic bombs is that American soldiers that were captured in Japan were being tortured. When Japanese soldiers captured American soldiers, they needed some way of trying to get them to give up valuable information because the U.S soldiers wouldn’t just tell them for no reason. So they began torturing them in hopes they’d crack. Document 2 showed the numerous
The US decision to drop atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 has generated much controversy over the years. Some argue that the bombing was necessary to end World War II, while others believed that more than 200,000 civilians died in vain. The use of this disastrous weapon caused a split in society which came down to the usage being necessary for the victory of the Allied Powers as well as stopping more Japanese crimes or a merciless crime that greatly injured an already kneeling, surrendering nation and caused mass innocent deaths. Due to previous Japanese actions, the dropping of the atomic bomb was justified and needed to be done to protect Americans and other countries oppressed by the Japanese.
First of all, in the case of the Americans the bomb was compared to the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Truman says in a press release, “We have used it against those who attacked without warning at Pearl Harbor, against those who have abandoned the pretense of obeying international laws of warfare” (Doc I). Second, the bombing of Pearl Harbor was an uncalled for action that was against the “laws of international warfare” and was rectified by the atomic bomb. The soldiers in Europe were extremely relieved that they would not have to invade, which would be a fatal battle where our soldiers would be shot at constantly and have bombs flying around them while they were rushing the beaches of Japan (Doc H). This bomb avoided the invasion of Japan which would have ended in an estimated 1.7 to 4 million casualties for the Allied powers (OI ladailypost.com).
Moreover, as document 6 indicates through a letter from a soldier who fought in the Pacific, many believed that deploying the bomb saved countless American lives and facilitated an end to World War II. According to various arguments put up by supporters of the bombing, it can be inferred that the usage of atomic bombs was an essential and justified action. The belief is that Japan would have prolonged the war further, potentially costing many more lives. Additionally, the attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki made Japan sorry for initiating conflict, and eventually led to
On August 6, 1945, the course of world history was permanently altered when the first ever atomic bomb to be used in warfare was dropped. Over five years into World War II, the United States made the decision to use atomic bombs in their fight against Japan in an attempt to get them to surrender. The first atomic bomb, made of uranium 235 and nicknamed “Little Boy”, was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945. This attack seemed to have no effect on Japan’s willingness to surrender. So, three days later, the United States dropped another atomic bomb, this one made of plutonium 239 and titled “Fat Man”, on Nagasaki, Japan.
This caused Japan to surrender, and World War 2 ended. The atomic bomb was justified because the U.S. needed Japan to surrender to end the war. The atomic bomb was justified because it was one of the possible ways to end the war with Japan. Document 1, says “They concluded that no technical demonstration they might propose, such as over a deserted island, would be likely to bring the war to an end”. This indicates that there was no other way of using the same strategies, such as island hopping, which was to capture the surrounding islands to invade Japan.
In 1945 World War 2 was coming to an end, President Truman was faced with a very tough decision on whether or not to drop the atomic bombs on Japan. On August 6 1945 an American B-29 bomber dropped the worlds first atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, three days later another B-29 bomber dropped a second bomb on the city of Nagasaki in total the bombs killed well over a hundred thousand people. The use of the atomic bombs were necessary to end the war on Japan, although the bombs killed many people the use of the bombs saved hundreds of thousands of American lives, and eneded Japan’s reign of terror on the world. People believed that with only two atomic bombs ready that it was too risky to use one on a demonstration showing off the power of the bomb.
If the United States never dropped the atomic bomb then soldiers would have had to invade Japan which would result in a large number of casualties. “I have been convinced that we saved more lives than we took. It would have been morally wrong if we’d have had that weapon and not used it and let a million more people die”(Source 8). Due to the Japanese bushido mentality, they were never going to surrender, and they would fight until the last man was standing. “The Japanese had demonstrated near-fanatical resistance, fighting to almost the last man on Pacific islands, committing mass suicide on Saipan, and unleashing kamikaze attacks at Okinawa”(Source 11).
Atomic Bomb Thesis I personally believe that the idea of the atomic bombs being necessary to be used on Japan during WWII is completely wrong. I think this way because through the eyes of many soldiers and powerful leaders themselves, Japan was ready to surrender and couldn't continue to fight. The Japanese were willing to negotiate with the allies with certain conditions regarding their emperor. And finally, the bombs themselves weren't even dropped on any military bases or threats to the United States army and instead on cities in Japan.
President Truman and his associates believed that if they dropped the bomb they would receive surrender from Japan. Thus, saving millions of American lives, and ending the war. Nevertheless, by saving American lives they would sacrifice thousands of Japanese civilians. They had other idea to have Japan to surrender, but were willing to take the one that would have the most consequences. They were thinking too much about the US instead of creating actually peace within the nations.
The deadly bombing on Japan saved the lives of many in America, prevented them from attacking the U.S like the one on Pearl Harbor, and it brought a sense of peace to the U.S. It is significant to the understanding of WWII because the events of the atomic bombs were the end of
The dropping of the atomic bombs on World War II on the city of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a very important part of World War II. The atomic bomb ended the war between America and Japan. This was just one of the important events during the battle in World War II. The Battle at Pearl Harbor, where the Japanese attacked U.S. soil was also why the americans bombed Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Some believe that the United States was correct in dropping these bombs on Japan because of the attack on Pearl Harbor while others believe that it was very wrong to dropped the bomb.