As far as history would go, there were many traditional ideas of gender around the world. Like in Egypt, the pharaohs were ideally male, or during the medieval times the King upheld all the power and led his people. The play A Raisin in the Sun was written by Lorraine Hansberry. The play is about the Younger’s family and their struggles; it takes place in the South Side of Chicago during the World War II era. The play both portrays the traditional American ideas of what it is to be a man and a woman, but subverts them too.
Life is an intricate maze of problems and unique pathways to overcome hardship. Some face simple issues while others face convoluted issues. Prior to applying the new historical lens to A Raisin in the Sun, by Lorraine Hansberry, it is vital that the reader understands that the play was written in 1959, the same time period as several African American Rights movements. With this in mind, Lorraine Hansberry’s play, A Raisin in the Sun, emphasizes the importance of establishing an unique American Dream with probable goals for African Americans by providing examples of Mama’s success in moving into a larger house to fulfill family unity, and Walter’s failure in opening a liquor store to achieve prosperity, despite
In a review of the Broadway production, Lorraine Hansberry noted the problems and misconceptions about something and jotted them down to make them seem like better ideas. Ideas can sometimes make better ideas. Simple honesty is the most important thing in the world. Especially if people are nice to you they deserve to be treated nice back. Hansberry captures the historical reality of iving in Chicago in the 1940’s in her play A Raisin In The Sun. The Great Migrations from 1940-1960 brought hundreds of thousands of blacks from the South to Chicago where they became an urban population, and created churches, community organizations important businesses, and great music and literature. Their goal was to live in a neighborhood where blacks could pursue life with the same rights as
The play A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry debuted on Broadway in 1959, and the movie was made in 2008. “A Raisin in the Sun” is about the Younger family, the fifth generation of lower-class African-Americans living in Chicago’s Southside. They are faced with problems such as racial discrimination, poverty, and conflicting dreams. As the family decides on how to spend the insurance check of $10,000 from Walter’s father’s death, these problems cause many conflicts to rise. Reading the 1959 play and the 2008 movie, I have realized certain similarities and differences in how the story plays out.
“A Raisin in the Sun,” written by Lorraine Hansberry in 1959, was the first play ever produced on Broadway by an African-American woman and was considered ground-breaking for it’s time. Titled after Langston Hughes’ poem “Harlem,” sometimes known as “A Dream Deferred,” the play and the subsequent film adaptations are honest examinations of race, family, poverty, discrimination, oppression and even abortion in urban Chicago after WWII. The original play was met with critical praise, including a review by Brooks Atkinson of the New York Times where he wrote, “For A Raisin in the Sun is a play about human beings who want, on the one hand, to preserve their family pride and, on the other hand, to break out of the poverty that seems to be their fate. Not having any axe to grind, Miss Hansberry has a wide range of topics to write about-some of them hilarious, some of them painful in the extreme.” The original screen adaptation released in 1961 was highly acclaimed in its own right, and was chosen in 2005 for preservation in the United States of America National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for its cultural and historical significance. While both stage and screen portrayals were highly acclaimed there are some similarities as well as some marked differences in each interpretation.
In Allan Johnson’s Privilege, Power, and Difference, Patricia Hill Collins describes the Matrix of Domination as an intersectionality between all the isms, especially racism and sexism. Collins describes this cycle of domination saying “that each form of privilege is part of a much larger system of privilege” (Johnson, 52). Work for change needs to focus on the idea of privilege in all forms and the way in which it enables people to think in relation to inequality and power. The only way to understand the matrix, is by understanding its dimensions. The different dimensions include one form of privilege reinforcing another, one form of privilege affecting the access to others and subordinate groups that are pitted against one another to draw attention away from the system
Through the use of the historical lens, looking specifically at the economic struggles, the struggle of unequal opportunity, and the housing covenant that African-American’s faced in the 1950’s, Hansberry’s message of A Raisin in the Sun is revealed: the perseverance of an ethnic minority in a time of racial discrimination. A Raisin in the Sun is set in a time of great racial discrimination, the 1950’s in the united States. This featured racism towards those of color or non-caucasians, and the struggles commonly faced by the African-American family is shown through the eyes of the Younger family through the writing and experiences of Lorraine Hansberry.
In A Raisin in the Sun, a play written by Lorraine Hansberry, the audience was able to obtain a sense of the struggle for the American dream. We are introduced to the Youngerś a black family living in the Southside of Chicago around the 1950’s. Each member of this family has their own meaning to what is the American dream. A Raisin in the Sun teaches us that even though life might be full of conflicts, it is important to not give up on our dreams.
A Raisin in the Sun was an innovative play for its era. Lorraine Hansberry produces in the Younger household one of the first authentic portrayals of a black household on an American stage, in an era where primarily black spectators just didn’t exist. African-American characters, typically minor and comedic, mostly hired racial stereotypes before this play. Lorraine Hansberry, nevertheless, displays a whole black household in an authentic view, one that is unbecoming and anything but comedic. She makes use of black dialect all through the play and raises significant concerns and struggles, for instance poverty, bigotry and racism.
Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun presents the rise of feminism in America in the 1960s. Beneatha Younger, Lena Younger (Mama) and Ruth Younger are the three primary characters displaying evidences of feminism in the play. Moreover, Hansberry creates male characters who demonstrate oppressive attitudes towards women yet enhance the feministic ideology in the play. A Raisin in the Sun is feminist because, with the feminist notions displayed in the play, women can fulfil their individual dreams that are not in sync with traditional conventions of that time.
The author, Lorraine Hansberry, was the first playwright of the century to express real social issues. There are three female characters in the play, each one is faced with a different struggle for their freedom. All three of these women, Lena, Ruth, and Beneatha all dreamed of something more in their future. They did not want the life that every female was supposed to have, they wanted to be different. Beneatha has high aspirations in life and is the character that most expresses her struggles with feminism. She defies the ideal life for a woman and expresses her opinion loud and clear. Beneatha throughout the play finds herself and her African American roots. Walter does not approve of Beneatha’s hopes to become a doctor he tells her, “If you so crazy ‘bout messing ‘round with sick people---then go be a nurse like other women---or just get married and be quiet. . .” (1.1.125) These social issues that the characters faced in their lives made them out to be the people that they were meant to be. It was harder for the Young family to do simple things, but they overcome their obstacles and stayed true to themselves throughout the
Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun presents the rise of feminism in America in the 1960s. A Raisin in the Sun is feminist because, with the feminist notions displayed in the play, women establish their rights to fulfil their individual dreams which diverge from traditional conventions of that time. Beneatha Younger, Lena Younger (Mama) and Ruth Younger are the three primary characters displaying evidences of feminism in the play. Moreover, Hansberry creates male characters who demonstrate oppressive attitudes towards women yet enhance the feminist ideology in the play.
Both Angelina Weld Grimke and Lorraine Hansberry play key roles in redefining Black theatre. This is done by utilizing means of social resistance and documenting cultural resilience in their works Rachel and A Raisin in the Sun. Though their writing styles differ in characterization plot, and intent, both women’s writings have played monumental parts in redefining Black theatre and the roles of Black women playwright in American theatre. The two plays portrayed stark contrasts of how African Americans internalized racism and means of coping with day to day trials and the way of the world during this time period. Though each play was created nearly 40 years apart, much of the same anguish African Americans experienced in 1920 when Rachel was written prevailed through to 1959 when Hansberry released A Raisin in the Sun. Angelina Weld Grimke’s Rachel tells a story of a young woman who was so horrified and overtaken by racism that she vowed to never bring children into the world. Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun depicts a Black family who is conflicted in which direction they should go after receiving a lump sum of money following the family patriarch’s death. The mother and sister would like to purchase a new home to fulfill the dream of deceased father and expand for future generations while the remaining siblings would like to invest in a liquor store and their tuition for medical school.
In the play Raisin in the Sun written by Lorraine Hansberry takes place on the southside of Chicago where Walter and his family are racially profiled and show us how the survive throughout their struggles. The central struggles for the younger family in their search for the American dream is mostly poverty and being racially profiled against for their actions.
The setting of the Raisin in the Sun is the ghetto of Chicago, where most black families lived and most of these black families had dreams of moving to a better neighbourhood, because of crime, but the housing industry causes segregated housing and manipulates communities with white fears of black integration. When Lorraine Hansberry was a child, her family also experienced the results of a government unconcerned with blacks leaving segregation. Lorraine used her play to tell people about her own struggle with racism, her play shows us that her problems were handled with determination.