Before slaves were freed, they could not marry anyone. After the Civil War, the Black Codes in Mississippi improved the lives of African Americans by allowing marriage. Even though, the state allowed marriage, there was heavy restriction to the code. For example, in Section 3, the document states, “that is shall not be lawful for any freedman, free negro, or mulatto to intermarry with any white person… and any person who shall so intermarry shall be guilty of felony.” This shows that although slaves are freed, the state did not treat them as ordinary people.
After the Civil War, the 13th Amendment formally abolished slavery was ratified in 1865. In addition, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866 (en) which provides a number of civil rights to all people born in the States -United. Despite this, the emergence of "black codes" that punish acts of submission against Blacks, continue to prohibit African Americans civil rights due to them. The 14th Amendment was ratified in 1868 to support this effort and the Civil Rights Act of 1875 is proclaimed in stride.
These new challenges that were started by the South were basically set up by the Southern government to control the African Americans without having to stamp them as still slaves. By the year 1867, Reconstruction
The purpose of the Underground Railroad was to free slaves from the ownership of slave owners, and did just that. Over 100,000 thousand slaves were freed from slave owners, and they managed to live their own lives. While slaves escaping did bring about anti-black sentiment from the Southern States most clearly seen in the Fugitive Slave Act, it brought support for abolition because white people could see that all the slaves were just as human as the rest of them. This may not have changed their beliefs of inferiority, but it did change their beliefs that African Americans deserved such cruel treatment. After the awareness of the slaves’ capabilities and the living in communities with slaves, white people in the North that still supported slavery changed their stance after seeing first hand that black people, not just the few free blacks, were similar to everyone else.
On January 1, 1963 the Emancipation Proclamation was issued. The Proclamation explained how people who were being held as a slaves in the rebellious states were to be freed. The Proclamation allowed African-American men to be accepted into the Union Army and Navy. (U.S National Archives and Records Administration) Although this did not free all states it did give Americans a step in the right direction by showing that the war’s aim was also on fighting to end slavery. However, it was not something that changed it quickly but instead changed slightly over time.
After the Civil War, between the years, 1865 through 1870 the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments was adopted by the United States. The United States abolished slavery, providing equal protection for freed slaves, and prohibited discrimination of colored voters. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments granted former slaves the freedom to pursue happiness, but in 1868, the “separate but equal” doctrine kept these amendments from bearing fruit. For nearly a century the “separate but equal” doctrine promoted segregation, and the Supreme Court it was constitutional to keep blacks and whites separate as long as they had equal rights to education, public transportation, and restrooms. However, the definition of equality in the south was very vague and ambiguous.
When reconstruction ended, we all could say we were united under one nation. This ensured that blacks would always be free from going back to the life of a slave; although, many people were so against reconstruction it caused a lot of hate in the south towards the blacks. The black people were given rights that were much like the rights that white people had. The southern states had new constitutions and recognized the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments’ after reconstruction ended in 1877. Education was provided to the blacks, not just the whites.
This angered the southerners, who had fought to keep slavery, making
On July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment was ratified to the Constitution. The Fourteenth Amendment was created to grant citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” which included the freeing of former slaves after the Civil War in 1865. It gave the former slaves their natural rights as citizens to the United States after the Dred Scott case, where they declared that black slaves were not people. Moreover, in Southern states the majority of them rejected this because they still wanted to keep their slaves, but later was required to be ratified by the three-fourths of the states. This is also known as the “Reconstruction Amendment,” meaning to forbid any states to deny any person of “life, liberty, or property without
Reconstruction is during which the United States began to rebuild the Southern society after they lost to the civil war. It lasted from 1865 to 1877, and it was initiated by President Lincoln until his assassination in 1865. President Johnson continued Lincoln’s agenda to continue the Reconstruction. Throughout the process of Reconstruction, one of its main purpose was to guarantees for equal rights for all people, especially for the African Americans. Even though slavery was abolished after the civil war, many Southerners were still against the idea of equal rights for all black people, such as the Republicans.
African-American in the late 1800s and early in the 1900s were socially, politically and economically restricted from participating in the Southern state. Although, slaves were abolished in the 1865, even though they were free and escape the brutality in the South, their rights of human being were still taking away from them. They were given little right such as owning property in specific area. African-American could sue, be sued and testify in court only involving other African-Americans. They were given the right to get marry, however, they could not interact or have an relationship outside of race.
This continued through 1865, after the Civil War, where slavery was finally made illegal. People now had to pay their maids and workers. Even though slavery was now illegal that didn’t stop people from treated blacks like trash. In the book people were disgraced even when people, like Atticus, would tried to help an innocent man who was being tried for
The concept of citizenship and belonging is much different in today’s society than it was in 1865 to 1910. The black codes of 1865 were laws of the south basically keeping blacks from full freedom. They did everything possible to keep blacks working for little to nothing. The blacks they are trying to keep down at this point were named the freedmen. The disfranchisement began with Mississippi in 1890, where they took blacks voting rights under something called the Mississippi Plan.
The Emancipation Proclamation was an important act, the Emancipation Proclamation was signed by President Abraham Lincoln, allowing the freedom of all in the rebelling territories of the confederacy and allowing Blacks to join in the Union Army. At the beginning of the Civil War, the freed black people was ready to fight with Union, yet they were prevented from doing so. Popular racial stereotypes and discrimination against Blacks in the military contributed to the prevailing myth that Black men did not have the intelligence and bravery necessary to serve their country. By 1862, there was limited amount of White Union enlistment and confederate victories at Antietam forced the U.S. government to reconsider its racist policy.