Even though Native Americans excited longer, the history of the United States usually begins with its discovery in 1492 and the first colonies which were founded by European settlers. The settlements all started in 1588 with Britain’s victory over the Spanish Armada which made England the world’s number one sea power. Due to that, they were able to acquire more colonies. This is what marked the beginning of the First British Empire, to which New England also belonged in the beginning. England’s reasons for building the First Empire were commercial and military interests.
Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. It is a great way to strengthen the economy and gain power and territory for countries that practice it, though it often failed and resulted in war and the deaths of innocents. Four intellectuals that played a big part in influencing American imperialism were Frederick Jackson Turner, Alfred T. Mahan, Herbert Spencer and John Fisk. All of these influencers had different ideologies and came together to justify American imperialism. They believed America needed to expand power and gain territories.
Firstly, European empires in the Americas as well as Russian, Chinese, Mughal, and Ottoman empires are different in their development because Europe interacted and depended on other regions. The Atlantic Ocean connected Europe, Africa, and the Americas. Strayer states how “these two ‘old worlds’ were joined, increasingly creating a single biological regime, a ‘new world’ of global dimensions.” The reason for this difference is that Europe constructed their empires across the Atlantic Ocean in the Americas, or the New World, unlike their Russian, Chinese, Mughal, and Ottoman counterparts. This resulted in an advantage for the Europeans because they had access to new resources and ideas. This was accomplished through the Columbian Exchange, which is the network of migration and trade within the Atlantic Ocean.
When these challenges are faced, many of the settlers will create the foundations of their political, social, and economic systems. There were many differences between the two colonies when it came down to their political systems. First, both colonies were greatly influenced by Governors. This influence can be seen by Sir William Berkeley when he describes that the, “Governors…laid the Foundation of our wealth and industry on the vices of men”. This statement shows that the governors that were in the Jamestown colony had a profound influence during the beginning of their colony.
The point of it was to get hold of natural resources, subdue enemies, accumulate wealth, and to win power, supremacy, and glory. Nations turned to imperialism for economic gain. This was, also, true for European Imperialism. Europe had turned to imperialism for their own gain. This would then lead to Africa and India being influenced
While the Mughal empire was collapsing (the last seat of power before the British came) The East India Company came Hailing from the great British empire to seek out India’s potential and profit. After the sepoy rebellion in 1857 the British government came at the beck and call of the company to take over. India was no longer a trade partner, it was now a colonie. The British government made the political piece of their rule as efficient as possible, dividing the country against each other
The new state also faced economic and foreign policy problems. There was a massive debt that the country found hard to deal with. The paper money printed during the conflict was worthless. In terms of foreign policy, the British in violation of the peace treaty had continued to occupy old Northwest Forts. Apart from that, Spain had declined to recognize the boundaries of the new
It is true that there that are other strong legal system influences on the American legal system. Some might say that the English Bill of Rights should be at least in the top three. They might say that that structure had a big part on the creation of American laws. However, the most important influence on the American legal system is Hammurabi’s code, because it is an extremely useful source for discussions of Mesopotamian government and society is the Babylonian document Hammurabi’s Code (approximately 1780 BCE). One of the most influential codifications of law in ancient history, the text provides people with a concrete example of the expanding influence of centralized government on the personal and professional lives of the general population.
The many powerful people of the colonies wrote to talk against the formation of Congress. Letters would go into great depths about how Congress would make bad decisions, inefficiency and ultimately let down the American people. Especially, colonies’ individual governments such as Rhode Island spoke about how they do not approve of Congress and its main goals. In fact, the amount of boycott toward the idea of Congress did not allow the people to hear from Congress, but instead their state governments would overpower them with reasons not to allow it. This greatly affected the Congress’s way of communication to the colonialists.
In America, Spain, France, Britain and Russia (In parts of Alaska) had colonised the vast majority of the country. On the east, Britain and France had colonised almost all modern-day states, Spain’s authority was primarily in Central and South America and the southern states in America. The long-lasting impact of European colonialism in America was defined by the American Revolution, which not only ended with a collapse in the British colony, but the Treaty of Paris was signed, granting recognition of the colonies independence (Calloway, 2006). This was the beginning of modern America, and this was clearly impacted, if not completely due to European imperialism. The British Empire notably colonised Australia and sent upwards of 150,000 criminals to prisons on the country (Shaw, 1966).