ALBURT CAMUS AND THE ABSURDITY OF LIFE AND HOW CAMUS DEVELOPS THE CHARACTER OF MERSAULT TO POTRAY HIS IDEOLOGY The Stranger by Albert Camus is a not a typical novel containing a very well reasoned plot ,a variety of various engaging character or even a a romantic love story . One of the major theme of the novel is discovering the theme of absurdity and how should a human react to it when the whole world seems to be in chaos. On one side a claim could be made that Mersault himself is an absurd character but it would be unfair to notice how the world he is living in is equally illogical and unreasonable. With that in said Camus relies upon various literary devices from simple narrative to using symbols in order to connect with the themes and meanings.
Plato is trying to convey that the cave is the world and the people that inhabit it are the prisoners. The chains holding the prisoners down represent comfort and ignorance that is keeping them from seeing the truth about the world. The shadows cast on the wall in front of them represent what the prisoners currently see in the world. Plato then supposes that a prisoner is freed. This prisoner would look around whilst being chained to the wall, staring at the shadows and not believe that what he sees is reality, so he breaks free from the chains and ascends to the top of the cave and witnesses not shadows but people, water, the sky.
The Allegory of The Cave In the allegory Plato is trying to tell us is that in life we think we know what reality is because of what we see, but what if that is all an illusion? We are never going to be able to see the real things if we are kept inside a box, in this case inside a cave. We got to step out of the cave, our comfort zone. And when we finally step out we will be able to see the real world, we will have a panoramic view. Imagine living in a small town and never going out.
He did not, however. Instead of surrendering hope, Andy acts upon his own will and persistently pushes himself to live in a society he does not belong to. Through the various characters inhabiting inside the maximum-security penitentiary, Shawshank Redemption
In the Allegory of the Cave, the prisoners’ reality is based on the perception of their senses or on what they only see, while the freed prisoner and the other enlightened people’s reality is based on what lies outside the cave or what reality really is. The Allegory does not only talk about the enlightenment of one’s self but it also tackles human perception. Another philosopher who tackles perception is Rene Descartes. Based on Descartes, he argued that senses can be dubious as it can be deceived sometimes, and that the senses are unreliable and not enough when it comes to knowing the truth. Our eyes can deceive our perception.
SOLVING PROBLEMS As Bradbury describes the citizens “like gray animals peering from electric caves,” (139) He makes an allusion to Plato 's Allegory of the Cave, found in Book VII of "The Republic" where Plato states “Life is like being chained up in a cave forced to watch shadows flitting across a stone wall.” The purpose of Bradbury’s allusion is to make the readers take notice of the citizen’s live styles- absorbed within their tv walls in ignorance of the ongoings and status of the world they live in. Moreover, Bradbury warns readers not to get sidetracked or so obsessed with entertainment to become oblivious to the ongoings of the world around them, and the problems within their society. “ I 'm afraid of children my own age. They kill each other. Did it always used to be that way?
Experiencing a new discovery leads to a better understanding of life. In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, it explains how a group of prisoners are inside a dark cave looking at shadows believing it to be realistic; however, one prisoner gets free and leaves the cave and experience the outside world seeing real nature and the brightness of the sun and adjust to it. That person returns back to the cave to tell what he had experienced outside the cave to the other prisoners as the other prisoners would not listen to him and neglect his words. That person however cannot adjust to the darkness inside the cave once he got adjusted to the brightness of the outside world. Like Plato’s allegory of the cave, good living does require us to leave the cave.
The struggle a someone can go through to test if they have control over their life, or to find out if their destiny has been decided can be shown throughout literature and film. In The Truman Show existentialism plays a big role into how this program is created. The Production of this film is simulated by tiny cameras placed secretly around a small town inside a dome. These cameras are used to follow around a man named Truman Burbank, and record his life. Essentially creating a popular T.V.
In The Matrix, we are shown that the known world is nothing more than, a supercomputer embedding images and ideas into our brains. Plato uses the imagery of a person bound in a cave only experiencing the world through his senses only, seeing shadows on the wall or hearing the sounds as they echo in the cave. Finally, Descartes uses the idea that nothing is real and that all we experience is a dream. In each interpretation, we are shown reasons to doubt the reality we know to be true. How they present this doubt is
“Young Goodman Brown” and Oedipus the King both have characters that have to grapple with loss of ignorance, and to cope with a society that was not what they once knew. Knowing a fact is true is the first step to reality, but understanding why is how you truly envelope yourself. “Young Goodman Brown” and Oedipus the King, both bring up the idea of what is known as “The grand illusion”. The idea that nothing is, or has ever been, what we believe it is. The unfolding the illusion bears strong similarity between both stories, in the adapted words of Peter Baelish, it is a ladder of chaos.