In the seventh book of his most famous work The Republic, Plato describes a tale popularly known as the Allegory of the Cave. This tale depicts a cave where many prisoners are chained and live in the dark with a single blaring fire in the distance. The tale prompts the character Glaucon, a fellow philosopher, to imagine there are shadows cast by fake creatures. The prisoners are not sure of what is real and what is not; only of the reality of the dark cave. However, there is more to life then living in the cave.
The Truman Show is a 1998 film directed by Peter Weir, and using countless hidden messages, warns the modern society against the power of the media and reality television. The movie stars Jim Carrey as Truman Burbank, who is unknowingly broadcasted on a live, 24/7 television show. Having been chosen out of six unwanted pregnancies, Truman was adopted and raised in Seahaven, an artificial island enclosed in a large dome, but does not know this. To keep his show successful, the director and creator of Seahaven, Christof, manufactures various physical, emotional and social barriers that confine Truman. The barriers are representations of the manipulation the media in our world implements for personal gain.
One of many is fast food chains restaurants. First, Plato’s Allegory of the Cave describes the world where there are chained prisoners with shackles on living in a cave. There are puppeteers in the cave who cast shadows of objects with a fire that later become a construct of reality for them. Eventually, one of the prisoners were able to break out of the chains and escaped. As he leaves the cave, he is blinded by the sun, however, adjusted to this new world.
They are tied in such a way that they are unable to turn their heads. All they can see is the wall of the cave. The prisoners are chained since their childhood and have not seen the outside world ever. Behind them burns a fire. In between the fire and the prisoners there is a small path which is used by the people.
However, one prisoner is released and forced out into the reality, allowing the reader to understand that the world one sees and experiences is not the reality, but rather an illusion. Similarly, in The Truman Show by Andrew Niccol, Truman Bank has been growing up in Seahaven Island, a place created just for him to live in for a television show that is all about him. Throughout the film, Truman realizes that Seahaven is not the real world, and viewers see his journey to get out of this illusion, and into reality outside the false world. Both The Allegory of the Cave and The Truman Show prove that the physical world is an illusion that prevents one from discovering reality. The concept of illusion versus reality is evident in both works through similarities in plot, similarities in symbolism, and differences in character.
They have been there since they were very young, perhaps from birth; we can infer this from Socrates' saying, "Here they have been from their childhood" (Plato, pg. 1). Their legs and necks are chained, so they can't move; they can't even move their heads due to the placement of the chains. Behind and above them is a distant, roaring fire; between this fire and the prisoners, a raised way exists, where a low wall is built. The humans chained can see the shadows of puppet-like objects, along with their own shadows, and this is essentially all they know.
Plato’s Allegory of the cave represents life/death/rebirth. Life/death/rebirth is a popular archetype that most authors use in fictional books. Plato’s Allegory of the cave begins with people that are locked in chains inside of a cave. The people inside the cave see shadows on the wall of animals and creatures that they think represents their life. This cave is an illusion of life that the people are experiencing.
Greek philosopher Plato once described a cave where prisoners aimlessly stare at a wall for the entirety of their existence, and anything they “witness” is merely a blind perception. Lorrie Moore’s coming-of-age novel A Gate at the Stairs provides a modern day reference to this allegory of the cave, as main character, Tassie Keltjin, attempts to find a place and purpose in her life as a quirky college student. While it is a drastic shift from the initial setting described by Plato, the modern day cave can be referenced as the gate that is featured in the novel’s title. Tassie finds a variety of circumstances where she stands at a gate looking onward to a life decision. In an attempt to find work in the child-care industry, Tassie is hired by Edward and Susan, a couple that are seeking a nanny to help assist in care for an adopted child.
But, when adjusted to the sun, the prisoner can see the world as it truly is, not just as the shadows in the cave. Plato begins to explain that if the prisoner returned to the cave to explain what he saw to the other prisoners, they would simply not believe him. Truman, lives in
Socrates’s allegory of the cave in Plato’s Republic Book VII is an accurate depiction of how people can be blinded by what they are only allowed to see. The allegory does have relevance to our modern world. In fact, all of us as a species are still in the “cave” no matter how intelligent or enlightened we think we have become. In Plato’s Republic Book VII, Socrates depicts the scenario in a cave where there are prisoners who are fixed only being able to look at the shadows on the wall which are projections of things passing between them and the light source. Socrates claims that “what people in this situation would take for truth would be nothing more than the shadows of manufactured objects”.
Since the activity seems to center around an individual, it is, believed that it is caused by the subconscious mind of that it is caused by the psychokinetic activity. The individual is often under emotional, psychological or physical stress. No one knows for certain what ghosts are, some believe that they are spirits of the dead who for whatever reason get “lost” on their way to the afterworld; others think that ghosts are souls of people whose deaths were violent and premature. The brain is a very imaginative thing, it makes up the boogeyman that hides under your bed the bumps and creaks in the house while everyone is asleep . Psychokinesis is defined as the brain levitating an object.