The colonies of Massachusetts and Virginia were a start of the new world for England. These were founded by similar people but, with their strikingly differences, grew into separate political, economic and social structures. Both settlements arose from over-crowdedness in England: people wanted a better life. Virginia was settled by men who were single and looking for opportunities and wealth. They were part of the Anglican religion. Those in Massachusetts were puritans and looking for a place where they would be free from religious persecution. Wealthy people who could afford the boat journey and did not have to become indentured slaves went for a more settled life. In 1616 John Rolfe imported tobacco seeds to Virginia, as the plants needed long and hot humid seasons. The first people who were granted the right of possessing land authorized the people to cultivate worn out land and grow better crops, as tobacco depletes minerals and nutrients from the ground. The tobacco was sold for 5 to 10 times more in the 1620s, which was a major advantage for the sellers. The Massachusetts’ economy depended on shipbuilding, fishing and trading. This made it very stable. Chesapeake’s population has split 74% men and 10% women. “It’s suffered from stable foundations of little Commonwealth and so expanding the social volatility” stated in the Alan Taylor book. The right to trade was granted by the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629, as the farming soil was of low quality and so only
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The company was controlled by two men, Walter Rolly and John Cabot, who sought new opportunities for profit. Although Massachusetts and Virginia were both colonies, they evolved in separate manners, because of their reasons for the settlement, the geography and climate, and their economies. Massachusetts and Virginia evolved in separate manners because they had different reasons for their settlement. The Massachusetts settlers were mainly families. All of the families looked to create churches and be able to believe what religion they wanted to.
Jamestown and the Massachusetts bay colonies influenced the growth of the thirteen colonies. These two colonies opened the doors for additional colonies. In 1607 the London Charter company sent 104 men on a boat to explore the new world and get financial profit from their investments in shares of company stock (gold). When they landed they were in what is now present day Virginia they called their colony Jamestown. Jamestown was a perfect place to settle it had fertile soil and the climate was warm.
The non-Separatist Puritans secured a royal charter from King Charles I to form the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629. The Massachusetts Bay Company was planned to be a business venture, but was also used as a refuge for Puritans. The Bay Colony quickly became the biggest and most influential of all of the New England colonies. For many years, the charter was used as a constitution for the Company. Governmental power rested with the General Court, who then elected the governor and his assistants.
Colonial Virginia and New England had some similarities but many differences. They both developed their own form of government around the same time. First to develop some form of elected assembly was The Virginia Company with The House of Burgesses in 1619. Around that same time in 1620, Pilgrims arriving on the Mayflower had created and agreed to the Mayflower Compact upon arrival at Plymouth Rock, developing their first form of governing body and selecting their own representatives. The purpose of the House of Burgesses was more for profit and wealth and for the Pilgrims it was more for religious freedom and settling on a permanent basis.
Jamestown brought along the promise of economic fortune with it and drew many settlers there in order to grown cash crops such as tobacco and cotton, which cause for those settlers to become part of joint stock companies such as the Virginia Company. 2. In the royal colony of Virginia, early government was established and maintained by a head right system for land distribution to settlers and a representative group that related back to England called the House of Burgesses, while the other neighboring colonies faced threats such as King Opechancanough’s army of Native Americans. 3.
The new English Chesapeake colonies consisted of Virginia and Maryland and went through quite a lot to colonize. Virginia, the first successful English colony, belonged to the London Company, soon to be called the Virginia Company of London. They originally sent 144 men to explore the land for precious gems, but only 105 made it. These men consisted of gentlemen adventurers, jewelers, and artisans. They brought along no women or farmers as they were not looking to colonize, but to gather gems and explore the land in Jamestown.
Virginia, Maryland , and Massachusetts were each from one of those three separate regions, and had similarities and differences in their social, political, economic, and religious features. Virginia was one of the Southern colonies and was home of the first permanent English colony of Jamestown. It was established as a corporate colony by the London Company. Its first settlement was Jamestown, which was rough at first, but eventually found its way. The religion of the Virginians was Anglican, although Virginia was not as strong in religion like
Although New England and Virginia both bordered the Atlantic and established in the early 1600s, New Englanders lived thirty years longer (30/60 vs. 40/70), and Virginia had a prevalent presence of indentured slaves and servants. America was first settled by English aristocrats, peasants, goldsmiths, jewelers, barbers, and glassblowers who were unfit to hunt game in forests and rivers and died from typhoid, dysentery, and salt poisoning. Under John Smith’s Virginia/London Company-given rule, he established connections with Powhatan, who traded corn (that kept colonists alive) for iron and guns. His departure made some settlers turn to cannibalism. When tobacco was found profitable, the only other activities men engaged in were sleep and drink.
The Chesapeake and New England colonies are some of the most important English colonies of today. Both have very unique characteristics. The settlers traveled to america as individuals to start a life of their own by creating their own society. The imigrants who colonoized New england where more religious and devout while the Chesapeake settlers came for financial reasons.
The Jamestown settlement is located in Virginia, it was the first permanent english settlement. They decided to settle there because it was hard for enemies to reach them through the narrow channel, and the thick forest around them provided plenty of lumber and the water surrounding them provided fish. The first colony was founded by a group of investors by the name of the london company. They fell because of lack of preparation, sickness during the winter spread rapidly and many died. In the year of 1624 Virginia fell under the rule of a royal colony and existed under the authority of a governor chosen by the king of England.
England's relationship with the American colonies changed throughout the seventeenth century, ranging from carelessness and neglect to overbearing and controlling. In the mid-1600s, England was overlooking the colonies because back home the crown was fighting to keep its power during a struggle with parliamentarians. Therefore, the ignorance allowed the new colonies to become partly self-governing territories depending on each other with common interests. Also, the English civil war was so distracting that it allowed the New England Confederation to form in America. This collaboration among four colonies was created to ensure safety against potential enemies, such as the Natives, French, or Dutch, and to handle problems inside of the colonies,
In 1607, the first permanent British colony was established in Jamestown in Chesapeake Bay region by the Virginia Company, a joint stock company that received a charter from King James I and sold shares to raise funds. The colonist, led by Captain John Smith, settled at the mouth of the James River. Early years were difficult, the colonists faced conflicts with natives, starvation, and difficulties finding stable sources of food and support. Experiments with tobacco proved successful and the exportable commodity became Virginia’s main source of revenue, providing many of its landowning gentry a comfortable lifestyle throughout the next century and beyond. Half of the settlers in the southern colonies came to America as indentured servants-labors
Though they came from the same origin, the New England and Chesapeake Regions both separated, and with different goals for each colony. By the 1700s the Chesapeake and New England regions were distinctively different even though both were made from English colonies based on, the people whom settled the land, the governing goals and the religions brought to the new land. After arriving in the New World, the New England and Chesapeake Colonies began to thrive, but from ideas that came from very different people. Though both were trying to escape religious persecution, the differences in the people whom settled the land is noticeable.
As colonies developed in the Americas, various similarities emerged between them. In New England, this included a tendency to oppose control in religious and political aspects. Many colonies formed in the search for religious freedom; however, this was often seen as a threat to the king’s authority. Religious differences often created conflict between the colonies and royal control.
The New England colonies were first founded in the last 16th to 17th century as a sanctuary for differing religious groups. New England was made up of the Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. New Hampshire, however, was formed for economic reasons instead of religious ones. The Chesapeake region, which is made up of the colonies of Maryland and Virginia, was founded by the British colonies for the purpose of farming. However, by the 1700’s, despite both being settled by Englishmen, New England and the Chesapeake region had developed differently.