When the Puritans first traveled to America, they dreamt of creating a religious city on a hill with conformity to strict community values, hard-working colonists, educated citizens and a strong theocratic government; however, the end of Puritan dominance led to the creation of a new vision for a “perfect” society with values to fit the growing nation. After the Act of Supremacy in 1534, England became a protestant country united under the Church of England. The Puritans were a sect of Protestants, who believed that the Anglican Church was not yet fully reformed. One especially radical group, the Separatists, believed the Church of England was past reform and desired to separate from the church entirely. These Separatists were persecuted
Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom. The New Englanders took religion seriously, making unitary laws according to Puritan standards. John Winthrop, later chosen as the first Massachusetts Bay Colony governor, was seeking religious freedom. Wishing to inspire the colonists to dwell in brotherly unity, he summoned them together to remind them “that if we [colonists] shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.” On the other hand, those in the Chesapeake region came for the wealth that America promised. They were there to become prosperous or die trying.
Literature has evolved through different time periods throughout the years. From 1620-1720, the era was known as Puritanism. The Puritans came from Europe to the New World to be able to practice their religion without punishment. In England, the Church of England has become corrupt and the Puritans want to return the church to a simpler form. They value cleanliness and no show of wealth.
This meant the Chesapeake Bay colonies could not grow cash crops. Instead, they would have family farms where they would only grow food for themselves. Their religion also helped shape the colony. The Pilgrims had left England because they believed the Anglican Church was corrupted, and it contained too many Roman Catholic beliefs. The Pilgrims were also religiously intolerant of other religions, and believed that theirs were the correct religion.
The New England families tend to travel together, they had a strong sense of community and really would watch out for one another like family. Education was important to the New England colony as so was religion and they were required to study the bible. The Southern Colonies were founded as an economic venture to create wealth where as for the New England colony were mainly about religious reformers and separatists. They were looking for a new way to praise God, that’s not to say that religion wasn’t important to the southern colonies because it was they just had a different way of going about it than the New England colonies. The religion in the southern colonies was more diverse.
Eliot is in relentless in his push for Native conversion to Christianity. ( Jarvis 59-60)(Jarvis 55) For example he translated the Bible into Algonquin and established Praying Towns for the converts. (Jarvis 46)He believed this was his civic duty due to converting the Natives would “hasten the coming of Christ” and would give them “civilitie” and “elightenment”. Drawing from this evidence Eliot thought the conversion would not only benefit the Natives but also all Christians (in Christs coming). Conversely, Williams did not act in the interest of the Puritan Church, he attempted to diminish the churches power by establishing a Baptist Church in
The values held by the Puritans influenced the political, economic, and social development of the New england colonies in many ways. The Puritans were very strict when it came to religion. Massachusetts was sought out to create a holy commonwealth. In the New England colonies only member of the church were allowed to vote. The Puritans were so strict that some colonist formed other colonies after being expelled from Massachusetts.
However originally both areas had very different and distinctive identities. Although they have numerous differences their characteristics resulted from one important factor, which is, the reason the settlers came to the New World. This had an impact on the settlement, economically, socially, and politically. Settlements in the Chesapeake region included Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania and the New Jerseys. The first English colony, Jamestown,
The reason that the Puritans in the Massachusetts Bay Colony could condone the acts of genocide that occurred during the Salem Witch Trials is because, while they had set themselves up to be a utopian society, it had not yet happened. Various reasons could have led to their settlement towards not becoming a utopia. The main reason for this is the very origin or the greek word “utopia,” which originally meant “impossible.” Other factors included simpler human concepts such as greed, hatred, and lust. These emotions were all present in the town of Salem, but they were hidden from notice by the towns folks devoutness to their church. This buildup of emotion could not be acted upon because of the towns folks religion; therefore, they had to act upon them through the system of the church.
In exasperation of the Angelica church, not following the scriptures, early puritans came to America to escape persecution. Puritans believed that God had formed a unique covenant, or agreement with them. They believed in a new sect in which God’s law was held supreme. They believed that the bible and its message were above man’s law, and therefore that , it was the key to salvation. Most of the dissenters settled in New England, and it was in these new colonies that they establish a close-knit community governed by absolute religious faith and strict discipline.
When the country was institute the religious institutions power was big and the founders thought that religion was important for the US citizens and a fundamental factor of peace between the state and church, therefore religious institutions have been taxes exempted for the good that they made for others. And even though one of the motives of the impendence of the state was the separation of powers and since religious institutions can interfere in the government the government can interfere in religious
They believed in America they could establish a colony whose government, society, and church were all bases on the Bible. In the 1630’s the Puritans set sail for America. They did not wish break with the Church of England, like the Pilgrims did; they only sought to reform it. They also believed that people existed for the glory of God, and that their first concern was to do God’s will and so to receive future happiness. Basically, if they honored their duties to God, they would be blessed; if they did not, they would be punished.
Along with the religious factors were the long list of economic factors. The charter groups who had funded the trip across, were after personal economic growth. Many of the factors stem from generating intercontinental trade. We see this in both the incorrect belief that America will have a direct waterway to China and the Indies. Also we see it in using the colonies to promote trade with England, and also
This conclusion most likely comes from ideas stated in the “Mayflower Compact”. This document was written to govern the Plymouth colony founded in 1620. The settlers formed the colony to escape religious persecution from their home country. Because the settlers were of the same faith, they based the Mayflower Compact on the teachings of Christianity. This agreement between the Puritan settlers of Plymouth was the first form of government created in the new world, however, it was not the form of government on which our country was founded.