These ways reinforced the ministers’ power at the cost of the church members to create their “city upon a hill.” Regarding its church affiliation requirements, the New England Way differed from other Puritans; their saints were particularly different. Whereas English Puritan saints were those who piously devoted their lives to the Calvinist faith, New England Puritans saints were required to deliver an account of their conversion experience. New England Puritans also insisted on the importance of literacy and the understanding of Bible. Apart from the enforcement of public education, New England Puritans opposed state control of the church, and protested government by
However originally both areas had very different and distinctive identities. Although they have numerous differences their characteristics resulted from one important factor, which is, the reason the settlers came to the New World. This had an impact on the settlement, economically, socially, and politically. Settlements in the Chesapeake region included Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania and the New Jerseys. The first English colony, Jamestown,
Although all the colonists all came from England, the community development, purpose, and societal make-up caused a distinct difference between two distinct societies in New England and the Chesapeake region. The distinctions were obvious, whether it be the volume of religious drive, the need or lack of community, families versus single settlers, the decision on minimal wage, whether or not articles of agreements were drawn for and titles as well as other social matters were drawn, as well as where loyalties lay in leaders. New England was, overall, more religious than the Chesapeake region. Settlers in New England were searching relief for religious persecution in Europe. Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom.
The colonies of Massachusetts and Virginia were a start of the new world for England. These were founded by similar people but, with their strikingly differences, grew into separate political, economic and social structures. Both settlements arose from over-crowdedness in England: people wanted a better life. Virginia was settled by men who were single and looking for opportunities and wealth. They were part of the Anglican religion.
Denominations in America date back to when “many people immigrated to the colonies in the early years…[and] they brought with them their churches and denominations” (Rhodes 14). Once in the Americas, “these various churches took on an American flavor and adapted to fit in with American society” and in many of these cases “churches split off from a parent denomination because of differences in belief” (Rhodes 14). Churches continued to branch off into new denominations and each have “some distinct beliefs and histories” (Rhodes 18). For religions such as Protestantism “the work of several influential christian leaders gave rise to new denominations” (Rhodes 18). Therefore, had religion been the reason why people had certain morals then there would be no reason for new denominations to be formed.
The development of slavery and self-government in the Americas from the colonial to the revolutionary period presents two main contradictions which are important not in setting the stage for the American Revolution but also help to establish division between the colonies after the Revolution leading into the Civil War. While one contradiction applies exclusively to the Northern colonies, the other applies to all the colonies and is a key factor leading up to the American Revolution. For the New England colonies, the contradiction between the development of slavery and self-government lies behind the reason these colonies were developed. Around 1608, the Separatists, beginning to receive more hostility from the Anglican Church and government
They found no example in the New Testament for merging church and state. They understood Jesus to teach a strict separation between the two (Matthew 22:21; John 18:36.). The church should not seek support from the state, nor should the state force people to join the church or obey its religious rules. Baptism: The Anabaptists were called as “rebaptizers”. Their opponents gave them this label because they baptized believers who had previously been baptized as infants.
As time went by in the new colonies the excitement of being unified in the same Christian beliefs and the “new” wore off the new settlements. People started to get off the straight line of Christian beliefs that people like John Smith and John Winthrop had drawn for the settlers. There was a big gray area of what could be done and what couldn’t be done which caused problems. The judgment of the grey areas was to be left up to the leaders of the colonies which most of the time included the preacher. So anyone who didn’t follow this straight past was cited for wrong doing.
Bradford’s religious Puritan views were very important to him and he wanted to make sure the people of New England would have a Puritan church so that they could practice their religion without interference from England because in England they were forced to be part of the Church of England. People such as Thomas Morton did not fancy to William Bradford. Morton’s Anglican ways, his dancing, drinking, and building of the Maypole made Bradford
The Chesapeake and New England regions of North America were made very different from each other. The main difference between the Chesapeake region and the Puritan region was that New England was more religion focused and the Chesapeake was more profit focused. The settlers coming to each colony also varied. For example in the Chesapeake colony of Virginia, most of the people coming where male, this also makes sense since people went to the Chesapeake colonies to make money it makes sense that only males went there (doc.4). On the other hand, some people that went to England were emigrants, meaning they were escaping Weymouth due to religious persecution (Doc.3).
The Puritans were the founder of the northern colonies of New England although, not all New England Colonists were Puritans. The Puritan religion was an influence in the seventeenth-century. Then there were Quakers, who believed that neither preachers nor bibles were necessary to worship god. Which was the complete opposite of what puritans believed. There is one major difference between the two.
Aimee Huerta February 28, 2016 Chesapeake Bay v. New England Colonies Around the 16th century people left Britain to come to North America (New World) for new opportunities in their lives. They came here for religious reasons, for owning land, and escaping bad situations. Once here they thought their lives were going to be much different, but actually not everyone was lucky enough to have a pleasant life. These English colonies were made for a different reason to help numerous people, but once the two colonies were settled each one had developed very differently. If given the choice in my opinion, the New England region would be the best choice to settle.
Those who held power in the church also held political power, with the ability to sway the opinions of the masses due to their religious authority. The basis of laws in the local government came from the religious laws practiced by the colonists, and although only male freemen-- that is all male members of the Puritan Church-- had the right to vote, because of the religious reasoning the remaining population of the area (women and children) couldn’t argue. However, because of the differences in religious beliefs in the Chesapeake Bay area, there was no one act of laws which could be implemented into the governing of all individuals in the region. This led to constant dispute over who should be represented and have suffrage, and who shouldn’t. Before Virginia was subdivided in 1632, the primary governing body in the colony was the Virginia House of Burgesses.
The Virginia colony differed from their native land New England, in many different aspects. The Virginia colony had slightly different views on government, religion and society. The colonist were members of the Anglican faith (a tradition within Christianity comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures). Which is the official Church of England. Even though the colonist would like to say they came the New World for religious freedoms.
The New England, Middle, and Southern colonies were mostly made up the same ethnic groups, but they differed in their major religions. The orignal colonists in American were English, but over time people from France, Germany, and Holland began to settle there as well. Even so, Englishmen were still the majority of the colonies, so their social stucture was similar throughout America. Along with having different religions, the colonies also had different levels of religious freedom. The New England colonies were chiefly Puritan with little to no religious freedom.