Religion influence the funding and development of New England Colonies because it was one of the main reasons why the people wanted to break away. The Church of England believed that everyone should praise God, but only on their terms. The people of the church believed that only certain people could interpret the word of God and this made a group of people angry. This group of people wanted to ‘purify’ the church, which is where they got the name the Puritans. Puritans believed all catholic based beliefs should be taken out of the church and that it was not required to worship God. Also, there was a group of people, such as Anne Hutchinson, who were called the Antinomians. Antinomians rejected all traditional moral laws, believing that they
Though alike in their English heritage, the colonies of New England and the Chesapeake diverged from one another because they were colonized in different ways and for different purposes, giving rise to differing economies, lifestyles, and politics. New England was immensely democratic, possessed a market economy, and was largely centered around family and religion. Contrastly, the Chesapeake made its revenue in tobacco, consisted of mostly single young men, and had aristocratic governance at odds with its poor, farming population.
First off, both colonies were settle by English settlers around the 16th century. When settling the Chesapeake Bay, King James 1 chartered a joint stock called the Virginia Company for explicit religious mission. In the book, America a Narrative History the authors state, “The Virginia Company planted the first permanent colony in Virginia. On May 6, 1607, three tiny ships carrying 105 men and boys reached Chesapeake bay after four storm-tossed months at sea.” (Tindall, Shi 35-36). The New England region was made up of middle class families that were able to pay their way across the Atlantic. “Most male settlers were small farmers, merchants, seamen, or fisherman. During the seventeenth century, only 21,000 colonists arrive in New England, compared with the 120,000 who went to the Chesapeake Bay colonies.” (Tindall, Shi 42). Another similarity was that the British wanted to settle in North America to have a better life for them and their families. “Colonists settled British North America for different reasons. Some came for profits; others came for religious freedom.”
The New England colonies were best known for being the place where Puritan religious reformers and their followers settled. The Puritans were a Protestant Christian group that believed in strict moral and religious codes and the reform of the Church of England. Due to the strict laws put into place in England, the Puritans were unable to follow through their efforts to reform the Church and many faced oppression and discrimination during that time. The Puritans saw an irredeemably corrupt Church of England so many followed John Winthrop to Massachusetts to establish their own community. On the other hand, New France was known for its fur trading and missionary work. To the French, they saw the Canadian territories of North America as a place
New England and the Middle Colonies share some similarities based on religion and other things as well. Some similarities were that the church was an important part of both New England and Middle Colonies towns. Also religion was a major part of their life. They also both have farms in their Colonies.
Likewise, the New England and Chesapeake colonists began to settle in vastly different environments, ultimately shaping and diversifying their
By the 1730’s, 13 English colonies were established along the Eastern seaboard of America. The 13 colonies were established over a span of 125 years. Later, they came together to form The United States of America. These regions were positioned in different places and that caused the regions to have different economies, different industries, and different geography. After the creation of the 13 colonies, these colonies were divided into three regions which were New England, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies. Amongst the three regions, there were many differences. The three major differences amongst the three different regions were based upon the government, geography, and economy
During this time in history more and more settlements will be popping up in the newly discovered America. In particular, England. England sent out numerous amounts of people to two main regions on the east coast of America. The two regions were identified as Chesapeake and New England colonies.
First, in A Model of Christian Charity, John Winthrop wrote that Massachusetts had to be a perfect colony. He said, “We will be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us…”.(Doc.A). This meant that Massachusetts had to exemplify the perfect religious colony of Puritanism that will look up to at set a perfect example. The New England Primer was a small textbook published in Boston in 1683. (Doc. K). Children in New England colony learned to read from it. In the textbook, there were poems that also mentioned a lot about god and helped children learn to read. This shows that New England residents valued their religion and moral values. In comparison, the southern colonies believed different religions. For example, in the Ship’s list of emigrants bound for Virginia it displays a list of men traveling to Virginia. (Doc.C). Before the list of names the document states, “Their conformity to the church discipline of England”. This proves that the people traveling to Virginia knew they believed in the church of England and had to follow its laws. Therefore, the different religions practiced in New England and the Southern Colonies caused them to develop into two distinct
During the 17th century, many colonies were founded on the North American continent. The most significant colonies were created by Englishmen who left Europe for several reasons. Even though most colonies were founded by fellow Englishmen, there were two regions that evolved into two distinct societies. There were many factors to why these two regions evolved so differently, but the biggest factor were the motives of each colonist.
New England was a colony that was settled because the people that came from England wanted to find their freedom from their country. The people that came to the United States was to find freedom through religion, which the people from Mother England were not given the freedom to pursue their religious believes. The first settlement in New England was when John Winthrop came to the United States. In this settlement came the founders of the colony of New England. Basically the people from the first settlement were the ones that set up the way that the people were going to live and the type of government that they were going to establish and follow.
When I hear the term “New England,” I automatically picture a beautiful land that was filled with natives and Europeans who worked together. I picture Europeans who supported each other. I also picture colonists who were free from all persecutions for their religion. I saw them as people who understood and accepted outsiders unlike the Chesapeake colonies. Prior to reading the textbook, I knew that the colony in Massachusetts was home to the first Puritans. It was called the Plymouth Colony. Also, I knew that while on board the Mayflower, men signed the Mayflower Compact. I knew that this agreement was made to insure that the Puritan’s would all work together as a community. In all, I assumed that because of the Mayflower Compact, everyone in the New Colony tolerated new ideas and opinions from colonists and natives.
The individuals from the Virginia Colony and the Massachusetts Bay Colony came to the new country for both very similar reasons, the main reason being so that they could have freedom within their colonies and to be free from the church and practice their own religion. The puritans and the pilgrims from the Netherlands but they wanted their children to keep the English traditions. The fishing and hunting conditions were not good in this area. Some colonists traded American Indians corn for beaver fur. The economy was bad because the king raised taxes but when they started making the tobacco plantations helped the economy out. The Native Americans learned how to make corn and they showed the Americans where to hunt. The pilgrims also did not
The society in New England was very stable because there was a high amount of immigration, and they came in groups. Religion was also played a large role in the development of New England because it was established as a safe haven from persecution. The Puritans in England founded New England because they were able to practice their religion without any interference. On the other hand, Chesapeake’s society was made up of plantation owners and slaves. In fact, 75% of the early immigrants were indentured servants. This lead to a very unstable society. Chesapeake was also established by English Catholics, which were the ones who persecuted the Puritans. The region was very rural which made it difficult to build, and establish community churches. Religious and Social differences between New England and Chesapeake played a role in the development of their contrasting societies.
As colonies were being founded in the early 1600's, religion was a key factor in determining laws.