Feminist Adrienne Rich argues in her essay, “When We Dead Awaken: Writing as Re-Vision,” that there are drastic differences between the established gender roles in society. In Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel, The Scarlet Letter, Hester, an adulteress and martyr, suffers from the strict grasp of Puritanism and patriarchy. Throughout the novel, Hester is a luxury to men, especially the revered minister and secret sinner, Dimmesdale, as well as her husband, Chillingworth. However, the rest of this male-dominated, Puritan society, or the world as she perceives it, is not a luxury for Hester, but a necessity. Thus, the relationship between Hester and the men in her society demonstrates and proves Rich’s argument regarding the distinctions between gender roles.
Tea Cake encourages Janie’s strength rather than mocking and distorting it. He does not try to change who she is in the way Logan and Joe had previously, but rather supports her and allows her to be the best version of herself. Their equality is evident in the way in which Tea Cake teaches Janie to shoot a gun, providing her with a sort of masculine power that she may not have been allowed to possess before. He also plays checkers with her, which in Janie’s eyes is a symbol of mutual respect. He remains placid even with knowledge that his wife has become more accomplished than him.
He is the most honest man to regret breaking his marriage vows. " Proctor: She only thought to save my name!" (pg.). John Proctor
When observing the stage directions, John Proctor can't look at Elizabeth when he asked about confessing. It's been shown he still has shame and guilt for what he's caused. John also respects Elizabeth’s opinion because of how honest she can be and how good of a woman she is. Elizabeth had state that she
The so-called “American Dream” to be more individualistic rather than a collectivistic community like the British Empire didn’t follow through with women’s rights. Martha Ballard’s profession is then reduced by William Smellie as “he explained the importance of reassuring both the patient and her “friends”,” (65). This shows that males couldn’t conceive the idea of respecting women’s work and treating them as professionals. However, this also shows the apparent disconnect between male physicians and their patients.
(Doc 54). This woman is deemed virtuous because of the loyalty and affection she possesses for her husband, valued for neither her intellect nor talents. It is foolish to base a woman’s value on her chastity and dedication to a man, the saddest part being that she was still less valued than the man she was so loyal to. In a letter from Hilarion to his wife, Alis, he emphasizes, “If you have the baby before I return, if it is a boy, let it live; if it is a girl, expose it” (Doc 31).
(Harris) This further illustrates Petrus’ power over the female figure that he was once employed by, and will now be her superior and owner of her land. David’s opinion on the subject manner is irrelevant to his daughter, as his daughter states “Objectively I am a woman alone. I have no brothers. I have a father, but he is far away and anyhow powerless in the terms that matter here.”
One of the major themes in the novel, Pride and Prejudice, by Jane Austen, is marriage. Unlike today, women in the nineteenth century women did not have a lot choices. One of the choices include marriage. Women in this time were held back and are not expected to have careers like men. Once they decide on a man, there is no going back and divorce was considered uncommon.
Role of women in The Merchant of Venice Women during 16th century had no individual freedom. Despite the fact that a single woman ruled England at the time of Shakespeare, the Elizabethan society was patriarchal. Women were considered the weaker gender and always in need of being protected. Wealthy woman were highly educated but they had no right to have professions while poor women sometimes would turn to prostitution or become servants to survive. The book The Merchant of Venice was settled in Venice because Shakespeare wanted to show that even in the foundation place of Renaissance were prejudicial ideas and woman was considered as a weak character.
In the colonial era, women did not have many rights, and people did not consider them as equals to men, especially in Puritan New England where the Puritan beliefs governed society. Society expected women to get married, have children, and obey their husbands; they considered anything outside of these limitations as radical confrontations to the law. The woman’s main contribution to society was to teach the young girls about the customs and appropriate behaviors of a woman (Jolliffe, Roskelly, 242.45). Strict barriers existed in a woman’s life, and if a woman were to break those boundaries, like Anne Hutchinson - a revolutionary Puritan spiritual advisor - did, critics accused them of being non-compliant and harmful to society. They considered