Marx’s point of view of social change is for social interest and getting rid of class exploitation once the proletariats remove the bourgeoisies from the top of the social and economic chain. Unlike Marx who focuses on the class struggle and the rapid social changes, Durkheim points out that it should be don’t only as far as necessary. According to Marx, “we conclude that it is not good to push specialization as far as possible, but only as far as necessary” arguing that the specialization should not be pushed to the possible limit, but only to what is necessary and not over pushing it (Durkheim 334). Unlike Marx, Durkheim argues that the
Arendt argues that there is no place for poverty in politics but Marx makes the point that poverty must be eliminated first so that politics can flourish. The only way to eliminate poverty is through the political system and the overthrow of the elite. As long as there is economic oppression, freedom is not attainable for every citizen. The separation of economics and freedom is unrealistic because money controls the actions of the people. The poor cannot be free to self-actualize while they are still subject to the bourgeoisie.
Socialists believe that it is not necessary to be in radical way overthrowing capitalist economies. In addition, socialists encourage both government establish and private manufacture, communists believe that all forms of production should come from state and everything belongs to the state. In brief, both communism and socialism have benefits and disadvantages. Neither communism nor socialism is perfect in terms of the form of government or economic system. Both find a route to make the country equality and reject class divisions and much more.
Aldous Huxley has really got Lenin’s ideas anthropomorphized in the form of Lenina because she exemplifies how nobody could think or believe anything other than what the government, or Lenin wanted them to. Lenina is a robotic pawn of government in the World Slave State. Lenina isn’t a revolutionary like Vladmir Lenin, some would argue that Lenin and her simply share the same name. Lenin was a head figure in the Socialist government who coined the idea of having mass amounts of people working for “society” and ultimately the one who would benefit is the government. Lenina isn’t an outspoken person sharing and discussing many ideas, she simply likes to follow what the government has suggested her to do without question.
The ideal communist society is one that eliminates all of these negative features, as well as the entire system. These negative features are related to another set of features that Marx and Engels neglect in their evolution towards revolution. In a capitalist society like the United States, identity plays a role that goes beyond the perspective of class struggle. We live in a society where we are defined more by our race, gender and sexuality than we are by class, and at the same time, they are all inseparable. In this society, the bourgeoisie and proletariat can be defined in many different ways.
This aftermath from the "deep-rooted myth" that fetishizes race and does not include the colonized from membership inside the human race by separating the black man from the white colonizers and confining the colonized to the rank of an animal . In Fanon 's racialized separation amid colonizers and colonized resonates Karl Marx 's dichotomy amid capitalists and workers. As Marx explains, this capitalist distinction is indicative of the "mysterious character of the commodity-form," that is crafted by the ostensible detachment of the worth produced by the labouring procedure . This worth is observed as an inherent attribute of the commodity that generates the expression of capitalism’s communal relations across the money- form and facilitates the exploitation of the operatives by their capitalist oppressors. Though, David Marriott asserts in his article "On Racial Fetishism" that there is an "antinomian relation" amid the theories of Marx and Fanon because, even though Marx 's commodity fetishism stays relevant in the capitalist area, it is inadequate to clarify Fanon 's assembly of contest in the colonial context .
Communism is a form of government branching off from the larger Socialism, although very different in many ways. Communism began to see its end towards the end of World War Two and the beginning of the Cold War. Communism, in its simplest form, is a form of government in which the goods produced by the people and the income reaped is to benefit the entire working population instead of the individual. Economic gains and distribution is maintained by the idea of an authoritative economic strategy that controls the interest of the community. In Communism, the main goal is to have equality for both the social and the economic status.
Adam Smith, an advocate of capitalism, in his book, The Wealth of Nations wrote that all individuals are selfish and by performing to the best of their capabilities towards their own selfish interests they contribute towards the nation’s collective growth. Karl Marx, on the other hand criticized capitalism and believed that socialism and communism are society’s best chance of maximizing individual happiness, about which he wrote in his book Das Kapital. In this paper, we will compare and contrast the economics theories of Adam Smith and Karl Marx on the lines of labor theory of value, division of labor, alienation of workers from labor and human happiness and surplus profit and its social implications. This paper will also discuss how… Adam Smith believes that there are two types of ‘values’ of a commodity – ‘utility value’ and ‘exchange value’. The utility value of a commodity is based on how useful a commodity is and the exchange value of a commodity refers to how much we can get in exchange for a commodity if we were to sell it.
The ideology of Karl Marx, communism, was the next step of the socialism. Considering the fact that, socialism used to reduce the gap between rich and poor by taking more taxes from rich and helping others, there is a contrast between socialism and communism. Even if it seems like a utopia, communism supports the elimination of economic classes by government and the authors argued on the great possibility of it in the book. In the communist society that was asserted by Karl Marx, all the property should be ruled by the government, thus there would be no upper or lower classes. This book created a reflection in the Europe and in a short passage of time there was a reduce in labor hours, increase in wages and labor unions has been created, which was the association for the protection of rights of proletarian class.
Karl Marx’s goal in developing this theory on alienation was to help people come to terms with inequality and losing themselves while working. He specifically focused on capitalism and how capitalism forces people to experience a loss of meaning in life. He wanted people to understand that “the worker becomes a slave of his object…” (p. 43). He believed in false consciousness, which is “the inability of the proletariat to see the situation they are in vis-à-vis the bourgeoisie” (Karl Marx PowerPoint).
Stephen Rockford In class, we discussed a wide variety of political ideologies, belief systems rooted in a set of principles that influence how government and society should be arranged. These ideologies range from classical liberalism to fascism to libertarianism, and much more in between. The extensive list of ideologies can make it difficult to objectively determine what political ideology someone is a follower of, including one's own personal ideology. Although I have considered myself to be a modern liberal for years, that may not actually be the ideology that is closest to my personal beliefs, as popular culture has skewed the true identifying marks of many mainstream political ideologies, such as modern conservatism, socialism, communism,
The government determining how to help industrialization, the proletariat oppressed by the wealthy, and the fact that there were social classes triggered Marxism to respond. Karl Marx believed that communism would give both the government and the people the authority to own all means of production. Communism would prevent private property and everything would be shared. Marx encouraged workers to overthrow their owners, so that they can create economic equality for all people. This caused a violent overthrow of the wealthy.